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Bill Jordan

as they appear at first sight to be. This chapter traces the transition from welfare to social exclusion sketched above, and the various theoretical responses it has elicited. 1 Communities of choice The idea that political justice should deal in issues about the distribution of roles and resources, presupposes a political community which corresponds to an economic system for production and exchange

in Political concepts
The re-shaping of idiocy in the seventeenth-century church
C.F. Goodey

5 EXCLUSION FROM THE EUCHARIST: THE RE-SHAPING OF IDIOCY IN THE SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY CHURCH C. F. Goodey Under the microscope of history of ideas, we can observe concepts of ‘intellectual disability’ by this or any other name being born, forming, re-forming, and completely metamorphosing. It is thus a historical and a cultural category. As such it contrasts with the underlying, seemingly cross-cultural persistence of the pathology that has given rise to such concepts over the centuries. Currently known to psychiatry as specific phobia, it occurs in individuals

in Intellectual disability
Bryce Lease

6 Equivalencies of exclusion Conceptualizing the Polish other has been complicated by the complex coincidence of the country’s colonial histories, rebellions and attendant narratives of Polish suffering, marytrdom and victimhood alongside an identification with Western Europe that produces a sense of cultural elitism that distinguishes Poland from Russia. A  number of scholars have detected an overlap between the colonizing experiences of language, political economies, labor, resistance and emancipation between postcolonial nations in the Global South and

in After ’89
Controlled policy integration in Japan
Shizuka Oshitani

6 Co-optation and exclusion: controlled policy integration in Japan To the extent that the problem of global warming arises from existing socio-economic activities, tackling it will entail an institutional metamorphosis towards a more sustainable form of socio-economic system. This will require a realignment of broad policy goals, which itself may require changes in policy-making institutions. Such changes have been referred to as policy integration, which is the theme of this chapter. The integration of environmental concerns into general economic policy in

in Global warming policy in Japan and Britain
Bryan Fanning

6 The politics of Traveller exclusion Introduction Travellers in Ireland have faced deepening hostility from settled communities opposed to their presence since the 1960s when efforts to assimilate them into such communities began. Accounts of such opposition have been a staple of the Irish media on an ongoing basis over the last four decades, yet no studies have been undertaken of the nature and extent of the spatial exclusion experienced by Travellers. Indeed, there has been little or no detailed research on discrimination against Travellers in social policy

in Racism and social change in the Republic of Ireland
Author: Mark Webber

How inclusive are the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) and the European Union (EU)? The enlargement of both organisations seems to give some substance to the vision of a ‘Europe whole and free’ articulated at the Cold War's end. Yet more recently, enlargement's limits have increasingly come to be recognised, bringing an important debate on the balance to be struck between inclusion and exclusion. This book examines that sometimes awkward balance. Its analytical starting point is the characterisation of much of Europe as a security community managed by a system of security governance. The boundary of this system is neither clear nor fixed, but a dynamic of inclusion and exclusion can be said to exist by reference to its most concrete expression—that of institutional enlargement. On this basis, the book offers an elaboration of the concept of security governance itself, complemented by a historical survey of the Cold War and its end, the post-Cold War development of NATO and the EU, and case studies of two important ‘excluded’ states: Russia and Turkey.

Mark Webber

talked about as an achievable prospect. The inclusiveness which this claim implied has, however, been contested. Here it is worth noting a simple but very important point: relations of inclusion, unless they are universal, presuppose some form of simultaneous exclusion. Exclusion, Andrew Linklater has argued, is ‘constitutive of all forms of life [… and] all social systems are constructed from the complex

in Inclusion, exclusion and the governance of European Security
Abstract only
Kuba Szreder

Exclusion is the dead end of circulation; it is one of the mechanisms reproducing artistic → dark matter , and the main sanction enacted on disobedient projectarians. Exclusion is privatised, though there are whole cohorts of disprivileged (due to their gender, nationality, class, impaired mental or bodily abilities, or colour of their skin) people who are much more likely to be excluded. In addition, projectarians are getting excluded as individuals, as if it was solely their own fault and responsibility. Such ruptures as the one caused by

in The ABC of the projectariat
Bryan Fanning

3 Nation-building and exclusion Introduction This chapter examines dominant (and changing) conceptions of Irish national identity. It explores the development of exclusionary conceptions of identity homogeneity linked to nationalism and nation-building from the nineteenth century onwards with reference to the experiences of Protestant, Jewish and Traveller minority communities. Much of this chapter is concerned with the past; first, to demonstrate how, with regard to dominant understandings of ‘Irishness’, the goalposts of imagined community have moved before

in Racism and social change in the Republic of Ireland
Patrick Collinson

Chapter 2 . The Elizabethan exclusion crisis and the Elizabethan polity I M y title needs to be explained, and perhaps defended. By ‘the Elizabethan exclusion crisis’ I refer to the sustained concern of much of the ‘political nation’ in the reign of Elizabeth I to forestall the accession to the English crown of Mary Queen of Scots; and, indeed, to prevent any other remedy for the dangerous vacuum of an uncertain succession which would threaten the Protestant religious and political settlement and all that it stood for. These contingencies included a royal

in This England