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Histories of England, 1600–1780
Author: Ben Dew

In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, historians of England pioneered a series of new approaches to the history of economic policy. Commerce, finance and statecraft charts the development of these forms of writing and explores the role they played in the period's economic, political and historiographical thought. Through doing so, the book makes a significant intervention in the study of historiography, and provides an original account of early-modern and Enlightenment history. A broad selection of historical writing is discussed, ranging from the work of Francis Bacon and William Camden in the Jacobean era, through a series of accounts shaped by the English Civil War and the party-political conflicts that followed it, to the eighteenth-century's major account of British history: David Hume's History of England. Particular attention is paid to the historiographical context in which historians worked and the various ways they copied, adapted and contested one another's narratives. Such an approach enables the study to demonstrate that historical writing was the site of a wide-ranging, politically charged debate concerning the relationship that existed – and should have existed – between government and commerce at various moments in England’s past.

Chantier de l’Économie Sociale Trust, Montreal
Jean-Marc Fontan and Denis Bussières

23 Social financing, social economy: Chantier de l’Économie Sociale Trust, Montreal Jean-Marc Fontan and Denis Bussières Context For several years, managers of social economy enterprises have been expressing the need to have access to financial products other than traditional grants and loans, while at the same time asking how best to maintain their business capital over the long term. They deemed that new products which kept their social mission in mind would be needed. At the request of the Chantier de l’Économie Sociale Trust, a study on these issues was

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Mary Venner

Donors, public finance and ‘liberal peace’ There is a high level of agreement between most donor organisations on the centrality of public finance management (PFM) for effective government and economic stability, and broad concurrence on the policies and systems that constitute good management of public finances. Although the ‘neo

in Donors, technical assistance and public administration in Kosovo
Arthur B. Gunlicks

chap 5 27/5/03 11:55 am Page 163 5 Financing the federal system Introduction According to the official English translation of Article 20, para. 1, of the Basic Law, the Federal Republic of Germany is a “democratic and social federal state.” A better translation might be “a democratic and federal social welfare state.” “Social” in German usually means socially fair, or just, and generally equal. Therefore, this concept provides a constitutional basis for the German welfare state. A European-type welfare state is under strong unitary pressures, because

in The Länder and German federalism
Abstract only
Susan Strange

Chapter 7 Finance and crime As noted in ­chapter 1, one of the big changes in international finance in recent years has been the greatly increased use of the system by organised crime. It would have hardly been possible to design a ‘non-regime’ that was better suited than the global banking system to the needs of drug dealers and other illicit traders who want to conceal from the police the origin of their large illegal profits. The business of money laundering could not have so prospered and grown without the facilities for swift and relatively invisible

in Mad Money
Timothy Bowman

5 Arms, equipment and finance This chapter assesses three different but closely related issues which directly influenced the training and military capabilities of the UVF. The issue of gunrunning is one that will be dealt with fairly briefly in this chapter. It was the key element of A. T. Q. Stewart’s Ulster Crisis and little subsequent research seriously challenges his interpretation of events. Other issues surrounding UVF arms do, however, require reappraisal such as the legal framework in which the arming of the force was conducted, the type and numbers of

in Carson’s army
Susan Park

3402 World Bank Group:2634Prelims 12/11/09 14:56 Page 127 4 IFC and norms of sustainable finance Introduction While socialisation of the World Bank began in the 1980s, IFC became the focus of TEANs for investing in environmentally destructive development in the 1990s. This chapter documents how direct and indirect socialisation by TEANs led to an identity shift in IFC through its projects, policies and institutions. Although different from the Bank, these components again demonstrate how IFC consumed sustainable development norms as a result of TEAN

in World Bank Group interactions with environmentalists
Derek Birrell

8 Finance and public expenditure Prior to direct rule, Northern Ireland operated with financial arrangements laid down in the original Government of Ireland Act, 1920 and in a number of subsequent special agreements. All major items of taxation including income tax were levied and collected by the United Kingdom Government with Northern Ireland’s share of tax revenue then ‘handed back’ to the Stormont Government for devolved services. Originally an ‘Imperial Contribution’ was deducted, as Northern Ireland’s contribution to the cost of defence and foreign

in Direct rule and the governance of Northern Ireland
Myth in the financial sector
Jack Mosse

from it, making advertising from the City a key source of funding. This influence impacts media coverage, 6 and accusations that both the media and politics have been captured by finance are common in contemporary commentary. This ‘soft power’ means that finance plays a critical role in shaping government policy and in shaping how the economy is presented to the public at large. As such, it is an important space in the production and dissemination of economic myth. The institutional context behind

in The pound and the fury
Jonathan Smyth

5 Financing a national festival Prior to the celebrations of the Festival of the Supreme Being, the question of who was responsible for the finances of a festival was reasonably clear. Since all the great national festivals, from the first Fête de la Fédération in 1790 through to the Fête de la Réunion in 1793, were essentially celebrations in the capital they were financed by central government through the annual allocation of funds to the Committee of Public Education.1 Any city which decided to emulate the capital and hold its own festival to coincide with a

in Robespierre and the Festival of the Supreme Being