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Global processes, local challenges

This book is a tribute to Enzo Mingione and his contribution to the fields of sociology and urban studies on the occasion of his retirement. It touches upon the processes of transformation of cities to the informal economy, from the Fordist crisis to the rediscovery of poverty, from the welfare state and welfare policies to migration and the transformation of work. These themes constitute the analytical building blocks of this book on the transitions that Western capitalist societies are undergoing. The book focuses on social foundations of Western capitalism, explaining how socio-economic and institutional complementarities that characterised postwar capitalism created relatively integrated socio-economic regimes, It has five thematic sections reflecting five areas of capitalism, the search interests of Enzo Mingione. The first discusses the transformations of global capitalism, addressing how capitalism works and how it changes. The second provides insights into the mechanisms of re-embedding, in particular how welfare policies are part of a societal reaction to capitalism's disruptive dynamic. The third addresses some main challenges that citizenship systems established in the post-war period have had to face, from the spread of new employment regimes to new migratory flows. The fourth addresses cities and their transformation and the final section addresses poverty and its spatial dimension as a crucial lens through which to understand the differentiated impact of the processes of change in Western capitalist societies, both in socio-economic and spatial terms.

Where anthropology and sociology share metaphors as analytical tools
Simone Ghezzi

glimpse of the changing sociality of today’s labour arrangements. The majority of the first-generation entrepreneurs who became my informants started off as young workers either in large factories (long vanished after years of restructuring and downsizing) or in small artisan workshops in the 1960s and 1970s. For some, the big leap into entrepreneurship took place during the 1970s Fordist crisis, for others in the following decade. Either way, one of the most significant work experiences they have in common is the early socialisation to waged work through apprenticeship

in Western capitalism in transition