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Author: Sarah Wright

In the full-length treatment of the child in Spanish cinema, this book explores the ways that the cinematic child comes to represent 'prosthetic memory'. The cinematic children in the book retain traces of their mechanical origins: thus they are dolls, ventriloquists' dummies, cyborgs or automata. Moreover, by developing the monstrous undertones evoked by these mechanical traces (cinema such as 'Frankensteinian dream'), these films, in different ways, return repeatedly to a central motif. The central motif is the child's confrontation with a monster and, derivatively, the theme of the monstrous child. Through their obsessive recreation over time, the themes of the child and the monster and the monstrous child come to stand in metonymically for the confrontation of the self with the horrors of Spain's recent past. The book focuses on the cine religioso (religious cinema), in particular, Marcelino, pan y vino. The children of cine religioso appear like automata, programmed to love unconditionally an absent mother. The book then examines the Marisol's films from the 1960s and the way she was groomed by her creators to respond and engineer the economic and cultural changes of the consumerist Spain of the 1960s. It further deals with Victor Erice's El espiritu de la colmena and works through cinematic memories of this film in later works such as El laberinto del fauno, El orfanato and El espinazo del diablo. The films are seen to gesture towards the imaginary creation of a missing child.

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Sarah Wright

parallel between the puppets brought to life and the children animated on screen. Gaby Wood (2002) draws links between early automata and the new cinematic medium; Noel Burch (1990: 6–22) has noted the ‘Frankensteinian dream’ underlying early cinema; whilst for Michelle Bloom early film activates a ‘Pygmalionesque imagination’ (Bloom, 2000).6 Kike Maíllo’s Eva references Pygmalion, E. T. A. Hoffman’s ‘The Sandman’ and Villier de l’Isle’s ‘Tomorrow’s Eve’ in its tale of a man who falls in love with a woman without realising that she is mechanical (the undercurrent of

in The child in Spanish cinema