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Paul Kershaw

, being shaped by Hrabanus. Association with Bede offered scholarly credibility, and status, as Notker would recall some decades later. 66 And so, perhaps, it mattered to Sedulius, whose use of Bede may be a reflection of his authority in the Frankish world as much as it is a manifestation of it. General lessons and specific phrases from the Historia can be found in

in Frankland
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The Franks and the world of the early middle ages
Editors: Paul Fouracre and David Ganz

This volume of essays in honour of Dame Jinty Nelson celebrates the way in which Jinty has used her profound understanding of Frankish history as a frame for reflecting upon the nature of early medieval culture and society in general. It includes a tabula gratulatoria of those very many others who wish to express their appreciation of Jinty's work and their warm personal gratitude to her. She has remained at King's throughout her entire career. Her early career was combined with young motherhood, a tough experience that has made her strongly supportive of colleagues trying to balance work and family. Although she continued to write about early medieval inauguration rituals, a new departure came with the 1977 paper 'On the limits of the Carolingian Renaissance'. The book discusses what factors determined and informed their particular take on the Frankish world, and how this compares to law-codes and charters. It considers the possibility that land was sometimes taken in early medieval Europe, whether by kings or local lords, for what they claimed was the common good. Whenever only meagre information was available, it was impossible to make sense of the past, that is, to take a prosaic approach to a sense of oblivion. The book explores both the roots of the historical interpretation and the stimuli for change, by considering the long historiographical tradition, attitudes to textual sources, and the changing political environment. The subjects of queens and queenship have figured prominently among Nelson's publications.

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Rachel Stone and Charles West

introduction, we shall introduce the treatise and its author, and discuss some of its implications. It is not an easy work to follow, but it sheds much light on the Frankish world of its protagonists and on early medieval Europe in general. Our first task, however, is to understand the divorce case in its immediate political context, for these circumstances gave Lothar II, Theutberga and all the other

in The divorce of King Lothar and Queen Theutberga
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Life and work
Editors: Rachel Stone and Charles West

Archbishop Hincmar of Rheims (d. 882) is a crucial figure for all those interested in early medieval European history in general, and Carolingian history in particular. As the powerful Archbishop of Rheims, Hincmar shaped the times in which he lived, advising and admonishing kings, playing a leading role in the Frankish church, and intervening in a range of political and doctrinal disputes. But Hincmar also shaped how those times would later be seen by historians up to the present day, by writing historical accounts such as the Annals of St-Bertin, and by carefully preserving dossiers of material for posterity.

This book puts the archbishop himself centre-stage, bringing together the latest international research across the spectrum of his varied activities, as history-writer, estate administrator, hagiographer, pastorally-engaged bishop, and politically-minded royal advisor. For the first time since Jean Devisse’s magisterial studies in the 1970s, it offers a three-dimensional examination of a controversial figure whose actions and writings in different fields are often studied in isolation, at the cost of a more integrated appreciation. Combining research from recognised experts as well as early-career historians, it will be an essential companion for all those interested in the early medieval Frankish world, and in the history of early medieval Europe more broadly.

Janet L. Nelson

annalist’s sights. First, the increase in the sheer quantity and quality of the information here compared with Prudentius’s annals shows a consistent attempt to cover Charles’s whole kingdom, as well as the wider Frankish world. Examples are the reports of the diplomatic activities of Empress Engelberga, wife of Emperor Louis II ‘of Italy’: Hincmar the annalist is the sole source for details of her efforts in 872 to negotiate over the imperial succession, successively with Charles the Bald through envoys, then in person with Louis the German. 39 Count Bernard of

in Hincmar of Rheims
Dame Janet L. Nelson

the ninth century: a contemporary comparative view?’, Studies in Church History 20 (1983), 15–30; reprinted in J. L. Nelson, Politics and Ritual in Early Medieval Europe (London: Hambledon Press, 1986), pp. 117–32. Nelson, J. L., The Frankish World, 750–800 (London: Hambledon Press, 1996). Nelson, J. L., ‘The voice of Charlemagne’, in R. Gameson and H. Leyser (eds), Belief and Culture in the Middle Ages: Studies Presented to Henry Mayr-Harting (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. 76–88. Nelson, J. L., ‘Translating images of

in Debating medieval Europe
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Bernhard Zeller, Charles West, Francesca Tinti, Marco Stoffella, Nicolas Schroeder, Carine van Rhijn, Steffen Patzold, Thomas Kohl, Wendy Davies, and Miriam Czock

intervene in Italy and by 952 he had married Adelaide. In the course of a second Italian campaign he was crowned emperor in Rome, in 962. Thereafter, Otto spent the greater part of his remaining life in the regnum Italiae , in the attempt to integrate Italy fully into the Ottonian Empire. Both of his namesake successors continued this policy of integration, but with limited success, Otto II dying on campaign in southern Italy and Otto III on campaign to take Rome. England Beyond the Frankish world lay two regions with different trajectories, namely northern Iberia

in Neighbours and strangers
Regino of Prüm and royal monastic conversion
Erik Goosmann and Rob Meens

the papacy and Boniface in the Carolingian takeover, see J. Semmler, Der Dynastiewechsel von 751 und die fränkische Königssalbung (Düsseldorf, 2003), pp. 40–1; R. McKitterick, History and Memory in the Carolingian World (Cambridge, 2004), pp. 133–55; J. Palmer, Anglo-Saxons in a Frankish World 690–900 (Turnhout, 2009), pp. 83–6. 6 Regino, Chronicon, s.a. 813, p. 73. Where Regino’s text differs from the text as printed by Kurze, this is due to his use of this particular recension. For the dissemination of the ARF and its recensions, see McKitterick, History and

in Religious Franks
David Bates

, with a large literature now in existence showing how profoundly eleventh- and early twelfth-century England and Normandy belonged to the Frankish world to whose illumination she has contributed so much, and to which this volume is dedicated, the role of queens and the representation of queenship in the extraordinary circumstances which followed the conquest of England in 1066 are a fit subject to offer

in Frankland
Susan Reynolds

this volume and ibid ., 67 (2000). 3 J. L. Nelson, Politics and Ritual in Early Medieval Europe (London, 1986), p. 202; cf. ibid . pp. 100–11, especially p. 108 nn. 80, 147, 170; eadem, The Frankish World (London, 1996), pp. 127, 167, 174–7; idem , ‘Kingship and Empire’, in

in Frankland