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Philip M. Taylor

Chapter 18 The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars We have already seen from the case of Louis XIV that official censorship, by itself, is insufficient to prevent the flow of subversive ideas, especially from outside. In the Age of the Enlightenment, the very existence of a rigorous censorship system in France was used as a further focus of criticism of the ancien régime. In England, the press may have been comparatively free to criticize, and thus became a nuisance and an irritant to government; but it did provide an outlet for dissenting views, the

in Munitions of the Mind
Gillian Dooley

’s cost’, ensuring (for the contemporary reader) ‘the poignant understanding that, like peace, happiness is fragile and not without risk’. 10 Warren Roberts complains about ‘the paucity of biographical evidence’ of Austen’s knowledge of the French Revolution, given that it is mentioned neither in her correspondence nor in her fiction. 11 It is unfortunate that her music collection was not generally available to researchers in the 1970s when he undertook his study of Austen’s response to the Revolutionary age. As I have

in She played and sang
David Nicholls
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
the Scrapbooks of Dorothy Richardson (1748–1819)
ZoË Kinsley

This article offers a survey of the recently discovered scrapbooks collated over a number of decades by the Yorkshirewoman Dorothy Richardson (1748–1819). The large set of thirty-five volumes presents an important collection of press cuttings relating to the history and consequences of the French Revolution, and also contains ‘historical and miscellaneous’ material of a more eclectic nature. I argue that the texts significantly improve our understanding of Dorothy Richardson’s position as a reader, writer and researcher working in the North of England at the turn of the nineteenth century. Furthermore, her set of albums raises important questions about the relationship between commonplacing and scrapbooking practices, and the capacity of such textual curatorship to function as a form of both political engagement and autobiographical expression.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
An eighteenth-century debate
Anna Plassart

the suffering of the poor’. 4 This chapter, however, will suggest that the approaches of Smith and Burke in fact shared many intellectual strands beyond their support for free markets, and that the innovations they are credited with (or blamed for) were part of a much larger eighteenth-century shift in understandings of poverty. The French Revolution is traditionally highlighted as heralding ‘the realisation that there need no longer be such a thing as “the poor”’. 5 Yet views of poverty as sin, as resulting

in Ideas of poverty in the Age of Enlightenment
John Morrow

Carlyle regarded the Reformation as a seminal event in the history of modern Europe, the starting point of an ongoing stage in human development. Reformation Protestantism gave birth to a more general and pervasive spirit of ‘reformation’ that Carlyle identified with the moral destiny of all individuals and communities. These qualities were epitomized by heroic figures such as Luther and Cromwell but they were also embedded in cultures that responded productively to the ongoing challenge of reformation. Having traced the history of the ethos of reformation through English Puritanism and in the commitment to transformative action or ‘work’ that gave rise to Britains emergence as a leading industrial and imperial power, Carlyle brought this reinvention of the Reformation to bear in his critique of the counter-reforming tendencies in early Victorian society that he saw as posing a profound threat to it.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library