Malcolm Chase

1 George Howell, the Webbs and the political culture of early labour history M alcolm Chase George Howell (1833–1910) was the epitome of a nineteenth-century auto­ didact, having received an indifferent education, largely part-time, that ended when he was twelve. Successively a ploughboy, apprentice shoemaker and from the age of twenty-two a bricklayer, he doggedly built a career in labour movement politics, first achieving public prominence as Secretary of the London Trades’ Council in 1861–62. He established a reputation as an exceptionally energetic

in Labour and working-class lives
Essays to celebrate the life and work of Chris Wrigley

This book reflects upon the wide range of Chris Wrigley's research and publications in the study of the various aspects of British labour history. It presents a set of themes revolving around the British labour movement and the lives of those connected with it. The book begins with a discussion on biography in the shape of George Howell's work on trade unions and presents Herbert Gladstone's view that the unions emerged from the medieval workers guilds. Chris was also interested in political figures connected with progressivism and the labour movement, which is reflected in the examination of Gladstone's role in the Liberal Party. There is an examination of the Co-operative Party in the north-east of England, the 1911 National Insurance Act, and the relationship between the unions and the Labour Party. The inter-war British labour politics is covered by the disaffiliation of the Independent Labour Party (ILP) from the Labour Party and by a study of the Progressive League. British and German working class lives are compared in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Female trade unionism is dealt with a focus on Association of Women Clerks and Secretaries (AWCS). The contribution of the Lansburys is brought by an essay on the role of the family members in working-class politics, including women's enfranchisement. The book also deals with the attempt by the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) to engage with punk music, and ends with a discussion on the theme of Labour disunity.

Tom Scriven

culture was simultaneously jovial and intellectual, and the conversations ranged from politics to drama to those of a ‘bantering nature’. An informal group headed by Leno who frequently met in the Windsor Castle pub in Holborn in the 1850s formed part of the political apprenticeship of later working-​class leaders, such as the trade unionist, secretary to the Reform League and later MP George Howell who believed his teetotalism made him come out best in the group’s debates.35 Later in life Leno targeted a moral lesson at his teetotal contemporaries when he noted that

in Popular virtue
Abstract only
Keith Laybourn and John Shepherd

with it. There is biography, one of Chris’s main interests, in the shape of George Howell and Herbert Gladstone, both of whom helped determine the way in which the labour movement would develop in the mid- and late nineteenth century, and the early twentieth century – Gladstone through his attempts to stem or divert the growth of the Labour Party. There is trade union history. There is the socialist and progressive reaction to the second Labour government’s demise in 1931, through the studies of the Independent Labour Party and the Progressive League. There are

in Labour and working-class lives
Alastair J. Reid

Committee of the TUC in 1875, he had assisted its secretary, George Howell, in organising the campaigning and lobbying for the repeal of the Criminal Law Amendment Act, and had been the first to congratulate the delegates on their unprecedented successes at the Glasgow congress that autumn.57 This speech, like others he and his colleagues had made over the previous months, was strongly infused with the rhetoric of liberty, equality, and justice, and was assertively radical in its references to slavery, as well as in its emphasis on the need for struggle and self

in The tide of democracy
Jonathan Chatwin

identical twin brothers Lewis and Benjamin Jones. The central narrative of the novel follows the lives of the twins as they tend to their family farm, The Vision, which sits secluded in the hills above the fictional market town of Rhulen. The farm has been inherited by Lewis and Benjamin from their parents, Amos and Mary Jones, whose tumultuous married life forms the other narrative interest of the novel. Chatwin based Lewis and Benjamin in large part on a real-life pair of farming brothers, Jonathan and George Howells, who tended a farm on the eastern side of the Black

in Anywhere out of the world
From caricature to portraiture
Henry Miller

working-class representation in the House of Commons.148 In 1868, partly influenced by the financial support given by Morley and other Liberal businessmen, George Howell, Miller_PoliticsPersonified_Printer.indd 104 23/09/2014 11:54 Radical visual culture 105 secretary of the Reform League, tied its support firmly to the Liberal party, and independent candidatures were discouraged.149 The following year the LRL was formed to press for more working men to be Liberal candidates and MPs. By the time their portraits were issued, many of the union leaders had fought

in Politics personified
Abstract only
Kate Bowan and Paul A. Pickering

), Ballad Collection, 1868/5/s. 32 Huntington, Civil War Songbooks Collection, The Little Mac Campaign Songster (New York: T. R. Dawley, Publisher for the Million, 1864). 33 Bishopsgate Institute, George Howell Collection, Howell Collection Pamphlet

in Sounds of liberty
Women in the Freethought movement
Laura Schwartz

civilising crusade?’ she asked, pointing to her relative isolation as one of the few British women prominent in both Socialism and Secularism. 58 She appears to have supported Marx in the International, and she printed his reply to criticisms from the trade union leader and fellow International member George Howell, when he was refused publication elsewhere. 59 Yet Law’s views also reflect the Owenite Socialism that still

in Infidel feminism
Kate Bowan and Paul A. Pickering

). 21 Morning Post (29 June 1841); Bishopsgate Institute, George Howell Collection, Howell Collection Pamphlet Box 39, 324.24106, Liberal Election Songs (Bacup: Isaac Leach, n.d. [1880]). 22 Leeds Mercury (5 August 1837). 23

in Sounds of liberty