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Ian Wood

In the early years of the twentieth century, Professor Karl Lamprecht was a powerful and controversial figure in German academia, offering a universal interpretation of history that drew on an eclectic mix of politics, economics, anthropology and psychology. This article explores Mark Hovell’s experiences of working with Lamprecht at the Institut für Kultur- und Universalgeschichte [Institute for Cultural and Universal History] in Leipzig between 1912 and 1913, while also situating Hovell’s criticisms of the Lamprechtian method within wider contemporary assessments of Lamprecht’s scholarship.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
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Civic communities, humanist education and the ‘Age of Enlightenment’
Alan S. Ross

Enlightenment’ is something of a misnomer for Germany, since the Holy Roman Empire’s decentralised structure made it impossible for new scholarly ideals to sweep away their predecessors. Several scholarly ideals and currents co-existed.2 Schools were in no small part responsible for the longue durée of the continuous importance of the study of the classical world in German scholarship. As innovative as great figures of the early Enlightenment such as Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Christian Thomasius and Christian Wolff may have been, their work remained imbued with their

in Daum’s boys
The changing view of Germany in Anglo-American geopolitics
Lucian Ashworth

geographer Halford Mackinder, it really was not until the Second World War that attitudes shifted to see German scholarship as a distinct and dangerous alternative to the IPG of the West. The second half of this chapter will look at how this view of German geopolitics developed, and the conclusion will explore how this affected the perception that International Relations (IR) has had of geopolitics and political geography ever since. Learning lessons from a rising power: anthropogeography before and after the First World War Ratzel performed the great service of

in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks
Panikos Panayi

records, the missionaries and the academics, point to the international success of Lutheranism and German scholarship. We need to stress once again that India became just one area in which groups such as the Basel and Leipzig missions operated, reflecting the activities of both other German bodies and groups from other parts of the Protestant world, as well as Rome, which had become globalised centuries

in The Germans in India
David Abulafia

work of German, French and Italian historians, including Heinemann, Caspar, Kehr, Amari and Chalandon – particularly Chalandon. 3 This was, after all, just the moment when German scholarship was engaging with the sources for south Italian and Sicilian medieval history in highly innovative ways, bringing the techniques of diplomatics to bear on scattered and sometimes dubious charter material from across the Norman realm. Evelyn Jamison understood the publication of Chalandon’s great work to mean that other approaches to the history of Norman Italy than grand

in Rethinking Norman Italy
Theology and theologians
Benjamin J. Elton

, which combined Wissenschaft with the training of rabbis. For Zunz, Wissenschaft des Judentums was a branch of the Classics, without ideological objectives, which should not be taught in a seminary but in a university, as he wrote: ‘Wissenschaft needs first of all to emancipate itself from the theologians and raise itself to the level of historical understanding.’4 That attitude reflected trends in German scholarship at the time, led by scholars such as von Ranke and von Humbolt who aimed to produce objective studies of the past, which revealed the ‘truth’. This spirit

in Britain’s Chief Rabbis and the religious character of Anglo-Jewry, 1880–1970
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Alan S. Ross

the town’s past, in that they housed libraries and collections of artefacts. They were their future, in that the powerful and the not-so-powerful sent their children there. They were the theatre and concert hall, in that plays were written and staged here and schoolboy choirs sang in church on Sundays and on holidays. They connected the town to far-away intellectual centres through the teachers’ connections and the pupils who went on to university and, thereby, added considerably to the profoundly decentralised character German scholarship had in comparison to that

in Daum’s boys
Empire and nation
Mark Edele

dissertations reading room of Moscow's Lenin Library (today's Russian State Library). Nekrich seems to have also seen some archival sources himself, albeit again without giving a footnote. Finally, he critically used German scholarship on the war and the occupation, books published after Conquest's studies. 67 The opening of the archives has confirmed many of Conquest's and Nekrich's conclusions, although researchers now prefer the term ‘ethnic cleansing’ over ‘genocide’ to describe these operations. 68 It was not for nothing that the most accomplished post

in Debates on Stalinism
Ruth Evans

’s relation to other medieval vernacular poets, and to the English poets of the 1590s who consciously imitated Chaucer’s rhyming couplets.5 Chaucer’s deployment of rhyme-breaking looks at first blush to be very specific and on a very small scale. Yet it has large Chaucerian rhyme-breaking 57 implications. Chaucer was clearly aware of the technique in couplet poetry in other European vernaculars, something that would have been noticed sooner if anglophone critics were less insulated from French and German scholarship. His use of it also raises questions about the

in Contemporary Chaucer across the centuries
The Philippines and its inhabitants in the travel accounts of Carl Semper (1869) and Fedor Jagor (1873)
Hidde van der Wall

supposedly more civilised lowlanders who were seen as corrupted by the imposed foreign culture. The search for cultural and racial origins served colonial knowledge, but also informed the discourse of an emergent nationalism. Moreover, in applying cutting-edge anthropology to Spain's colonial subjects, the authors challenged the dominance of Spanish colonial knowledge production. The connections between German scholarship and the Philippine

in Savage worlds