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Accidental neomercantilism, questionable Solidarity?
Thomas Prosser

-term investment and development programme for Europe. (DGB, 2012) Voluntaristic nonsense. (IG Metall leader Bertold Huber on the 14 November 2012 European Day of Action and Solidarity) Germany is the archetypal core Eurozone country. After the launch of the euro, wage moderation helped guarantee competitive advantage for the country within EMU. A number of authorities have associated this outcome with the efficacy of German sectoral bargaining (Hancké, 2013 ; Hassel, 2014 ; Johnston

in European labour movements in crisis
Open Access (free)
Fragmented structures in a complex system
Andreas Maurer

2444Ch5 3/12/02 5 2:02 pm Page 115 Andreas Maurer1 Germany: fragmented structures in a complex system Introduction: preferences of a tamed power2 Germany’s political class is marked by a positive and constructive attitude towards European integration. The main objective of European policy was and still is to achieve effective and democratic European co-operation and integration.3 All governments and the vast majority of political parties contrive their general European policy agenda around the fundamental aim of far-reaching integration towards some kind

in Fifteen into one?
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A ‘normal’ democracy?
Geoffrey K. Roberts

Empire. The Soviet Union had to undertake substantial physical reconstruction and consolidate its regime in a country that had proved once again to be vulnerable to invasion from the west. Germany, though, had a far greater burden to carry, a burden that consisted of three distinct components. First, like all the other European participants in the war, but more intensively than any except the USSR, it had to cope with enormous physical, demographic and economic damage. Second, in terms of international politics, it had to accept the status of an occupied state

in German politics today (third edition)
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Viv Gardner and Diane Atkinson

GERMANY Chapter I “Why don’t you write your experiences?” – “Why don’t you write the story of your life?” – “Why don’t you write a book?” Such and similar are the suggestive questions put to me whenever I reminisce on my stage, suffrage, birth control or ordinary life experiences. Though writing, especially the mechanical part, is a great effort to me, to justify the faith my numerous friends in England and America have expressed in my ability to do it, I will do my best. Some of my earliest recollections are of home with father and mother – stepmother – in

in Kitty Marion
Munich and the making of metropolis, 1895–1930
Author: Leif Jerram

This book focuses on the ways in which German urban élites tried to mould German cities between the 'birth' of modern planning in the 1890s and the complete cessation of building caused by the economic collapse around 1930. It investigates the attributes which 'metropolis', was given by early twentieth-century Germans. The book takes Munich as its 'still point in the turning world' of German urban development in particular, but makes arguments relevant well beyond the southern capital's city limits. It presents a case study of the urban landscape of modernity and modernisation which was increasingly. The book commences with exploration of the balanced construction of 'the city' in planners' world views. It addresses contemporaries' 'action plans' as responses to the problems of modernity, and characterises these actions as themselves distinctly modern. The book also tries to restore an emphasis on contemporaries' nuanced views of modernity and modernisation, and explores the balanced construction of 'the city' in planners' world views. Discussing hospitals, old people's homes and social housing, the book discusses that space could be a highly coercive tool for the social reformer, and scholars need to address material effects. It also demonstrates how intellectual impasses in manipulating the technologies of space could have profound political consequences. The ways that the built environment is currently used as evidence in historical writing are problematic. The book treats modernity with little eye for Modernism.

Author: Julie Thorpe

This book is about the ideas and policies that characterized the rightward trajectory of Austrofascism in the 1930s, providing a fresh perspective on the debate over whether Austria was an authoritarian or fascist state. It is designed to introduce a range of issues confronting Austrian policy and opinion makers in the years prior to the Anschluss with Nazi Germany. The author argues that Austrofascism (not National Socialism) was the political heir of pan-Germanism in the Habsburg Monarchy. The book contributes to studies of inter-war Austria by introducing several case studies, including press and propaganda, minority politics, regionalism, immigration and refugees, as the issues that shaped Austria's political culture in the 1930s. Case studies of the German-nationalist press reveal the relationship between ideas and policy in the Austrofascist period. The book argues for a transnational approach to fascism in Austria, and situates the case studies within a broader context of Italian and German fascism. Placing the Austrian case against this backdrop of nationalism and fascism in Europe, it makes the discovery that Austrofascism was the product of larger European processes and events in the inter-war period.

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W.J. Reader

expected, separately or together, were France and Russia, with Germany more likely an ally than an enemy. Sir Charles Dilke, for instance, writing in 1888, said: ‘I shall … mention only Russia and France as probable enemies, because … Germany has no interests at variance with our own sufficiently important to be likely to lead to a quarrel.’ A little further on he added: ‘between ourselves and France differences are frequent, and between ourselves and Russia war is one day almost certain.’ 2 During the latter part of

in 'At duty’s call'
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Debating Cold War anxieties in West Germany, 1945–90
Benjamin Ziemann

v 6 v German angst? Debating Cold War anxieties in West Germany, 1945–90 Benjamin Ziemann In the early 1980s, many leading US newspapers commented on a strange malady that had the largest Western European country firmly in its grip: German angst. American journalists noted that the people in West Germany seemingly relished their feelings of anxiety.1 To some extent, this could be simply seen as an expression of the dark side of Teutonic romanticism. But these expressions of angst had a serious backdrop: the dual-track solution. This was a decision taken by

in Understanding the imaginary war
Der Blaue Reiter and its legacies
Author: Dorothy Price

This book presents new research on the histories and legacies of the German Expressionist group, Der Blaue Reiter, the founding force behind modernist abstraction. For the first time Der Blaue Reiter is subjected to a variety of novel inter-disciplinary perspectives, ranging from a philosophical enquiry into its language and visual perception, to analyses of its gender dynamics, its reception at different historical junctures throughout the twentieth century, and its legacies for post-colonial aesthetic practices. The volume offers a new perspective on familiar aspects of Expressionism and abstraction, taking seriously the inheritance of modernism for the twenty-first century in ways that will help to recalibrate the field of Expressionist studies for future scholarship. Der Blaue Reiter still matters, the contributors argue, because the legacies of abstraction are still being debated by artists, writers, philosophers and cultural theorists today.