Kevern Verney

other faiths and denominations in the West and black–white racial tensions in the South. 2 The ‘Great Migration’ of 1915–25, during which some 1.25 million blacks left the South to settle in major urban centres of the North like New York and Chicago, was another issue that attracted the attention of white Americans. In the South, planters feared that they would be left with insufficient labourers to farm their lands. In the North, industrialists may have welcomed the migrants, as a vital addition to the expanding factory workforce, but ordinary city dwellers were

in The Debate on Black Civil Rights in America
Author: Kevern Verney

The blossoming of interest in black history since the 1950s was directly linked to the rise of Martin Luther King and the post-Second World War Civil Rights Movement. The advances achieved in desegregation and black voting rights since the 1950s suggested that this was a destination that King's children, and African Americans as a whole, would ultimately reach. In the inter-war years there were indications that some scholars were willing to examine the more depressing realities of black life, most notably in a series of academic studies on lynching. The book discusses the approach of Du Bois to the academic studies on black migrants from a sociological perspective. When African American history began to command more serious attention in the mid-1960s, the generation of historians who had had direct personal experience of the Great Depression and the Second World War began to reach the age of retirement. The book also examines the achievements of race leaders like Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael, the Black Power Movement and Black Nationalism of the 1960s. In a 1996 study, political scientist Robert C. Scholarly debate on the African American experience from the 1890s through to the early 1920s gathered momentum with fresh studies on the spread of racial segregation and black migration to the cities. The rise of feminism and popularity of women's history prompted academic researchers to pay attention to the issue of gender in African American history. Stereotyped depictions of African Americans in US popular culture are also discussed.

Enrico Pugliese

Mediterranean shore. But this has also been true in the past (Calvanese 1992). The origins and destinations of flows change over time. In modern times within Europe, migrations and the mobility of populations for a long time flowed from the Mediterranean to the more developed and industrialised countries of central and northern Europe. Intra-European migrations were already important at the time of the ‘Great Migration’ at the turn of the twentieth century, when the Americas were the most important destination. But they became central in the post-war years at the time of the

in Western capitalism in transition
Abstract only
Kevern Verney

, such as the Great Migration, 1915–25, or lynching, attracted the attention of the wider American public. During the 1950s and 1960s the spread of more liberal attitudes and values, reflected in the rise of Martin Luther King and the post-war Civil Rights Movement, inspired scholars to investigate the African American past. They eloquently portrayed the historical sufferings of black communities and felt moral outrage at such racial injustice in a way that would have been incomprehensible for many earlier scholars, who saw such inequalities as natural and inevitable

in The Debate on Black Civil Rights in America
Torbjørn L. Knutsen

faltered; industry and commerce decayed. Since the eastern regions of the Empire remained stronger, wealthier and more unified, Emperor Constantine moved the imperial capital to Byzantium (Constantinople) in AD 330. Soon the great Roman Empire split into a Western and an Eastern half. In this weakened state, the Empire faced a sudden wave of great migrations (380–450). It was mortally challenged by the Goths who came from south Russia, threatened Constantinople about AD 380, tore through Greece in 396 and sacked Rome in 410. The entire Empire shook. Its

in A history of International Relations theory (third edition)
Matthew Spooner

Citizens of the World (3rd edn; Boston: David Walker, 1829), p. 57. 6 It was well known, for example, that Garrison’s interactions with Baltimore’s free black population, as well as reading Walker’s Appeal, moved him from support of colonisation and gradual emancipation toward demands for immediate, ‘radical’ abolition. Mayer, All on Fire, esp. pp. 44–70. 7 Quoted in Steven Hahn, A Nation Under Our Feet: Black Political Struggles in the Rural South from Slavery to the Great Migration (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2003), p. 46. 8 For the best discussion of the very

in Religion and rights
Abstract only
New Zealand’s empire
Katie Pickles and Catharine Coleborne

Salesa (eds), Tangata o le moana: New Zealand and the People of the Pacific (Wellington: Te Papa Press, 2012); Tony Simpson, The Immigrants: The Great Migration from Britain to New Zealand, 1830–1890 (Auckland: Godwit, 1997). 10 See Smith, Hempenstall, and Goldfinch, Remaking

in New Zealand’s empire
Open Access (free)
The predicament of history
Bill Schwarz

activity, despite the magnitude of the great migration from the Caribbean. No cafés or book or record shops or dance halls carry commemorative plaques, or retain a place in the larger collective memory. 1 Even educated opinion can still profess a certain puzzlement that there could be such a thing as an intellectual tradition deriving from the experience of the Caribbean, testament to the

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
T. M. Devine

maritime skills and the vast majority of the seasonal migrants to the north east were natives of Lewis, Wester Ross and some parts of Skye and west Sutherland, which were areas which possessed considerable fishing traditions in their own right. Temporary employment in Caithness or Aberdeen blended well with the customary cycle of fishing activity in the west as the high season in northeastern waters took place between the earlier herring fishery in the Minch and the later white fishing in the western Highlands. At the busiest times there was a great migration to the

in Clanship to crofters’ war
Margarita Estévez-Saá

novels immigrant, claiming that women are ‘not seen as active agents in the great migration stories: they [are] either left behind, or taken along as part of the man’s family’ (2000: 52). Similarly, Dawson observes that ‘[w]omen migrants are … rendered invisible not simply by xenophobic public discourse but also by dominant academic accounts of migration’ (2010: 182). Binchy overcomes such an omission by granting the female immigrant a place of her own in the novel. Ostensibly beautiful, Agnieszka works honestly and earnestly as a barmaid at a Dublin fashionable hotel

in Literary visions of multicultural Ireland