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Renovation or resignation?

This book makes an important contribution to the existing literature on European social democracy in the wake of the 2008 financial crash and ensuing recession. It considers ways in which European social democratic parties at both the national and European level have responded to the global economic crisis (GEC). The book also considers the extent to which the authors might envisage alternatives to the neo-liberal consensus being successfully promoted by those parties within the European Union (EU). The book first explores some of the broader thematic issues underpinning questions of the political economy of social democracy during the GEC. Then, it addresses some of the social democratic party responses that have been witnessed at the level of the nation state across Europe. The book focuses in particular on some of the countries with the longest tradition of social democratic and centre-left party politics, and therefore focuses on western and southern Europe. In contrast to the proclaimed social democratic (and especially Party of European Socialists) ambitions, the outcomes witnessed at the EU level have been less promising for those seeking a supranational re-social democratization. In order to understand the EU-level response of social democratic party actors to the Great Recession, the book situates social democratic parties historically. In the case of the British Labour Party, it also identifies the absence of ideological alternatives to the 'there is no alternative' (TINA)-logic that prevailed under the leadership of both Tony Blair and Gordon Brown.

David J. Bailey

rendered viable. This debate, moreover, provides us with an insight into the question of how we might understand social democratic parties’ supranationallevel responses to the current Great Recession, and the kinds of outcomes that have occurred as a result. The optimists: cosmopolitan social democrats As noted, for those optimistic about the prospects of a supranational re-social democratisation of European social democratic parties, European integration offers an important opportunity to circumvent the obstacles that have impinged upon the social democratic project (i

in European social democracy during the global economic crisis
A popular project and an unpopular party
Ingo Schmidt

.8 14.6  4.0 31.0 45.2 50.2 45.3 47.3 46.1 44.9 48.6 44.5 48.8 44.3 43.8 41.4 35.1 38.5 35.2 33.8 40.0 78.5 86.0 87.8 87.7 86.8 86.7 91.1 90.7 88.6 89.1 84.3 77.8 79.0 82.2 79.1 77.7 70.8 Note: 1949–87: West Germany; 1990–2010: Germany including the former German Democratic Republic. Source: Infratest Dimap since the Great Recession) to a fundamental contradiction in German politics. Even though the welfare state is highly popular, its actual provisions are subordinated to world market success. Austerity is thus, however grudgingly, accepted as necessary in order

in European social democracy during the global economic crisis
A summing up
Jack Lawrence Luzkow

deliberate planning, the result of social and economic policies based on universal inclusion. As a result of the quiet revolution, Europe has achieved postwar peace, prosperity for most Europeans, even in the crisis years following the Great Recession of 2008, social justice, and ecological protection undreamed of in the US. In Europe the homicide rate is only a quarter of that in the US, the literacy rate is higher, and the lifespan of Europeans longer than their American counterparts. Europe 206 Europe versus America: a summing up 207 incarcerates far fewer of its

in The great forgetting
Abstract only
Richard Dunphy
Luke March

remain formidable, not least the scepticism of many national party actors, who remain consistently reluctant to embrace true transnationalism and concerned to preserve a critical function of TNPs as agents of national principals (Hanley, 2008 ). A further contextual factor that must be borne in mind is the context of the Great Recession, wherein the very concept of EU integration (even the EU itself) has faced not just electoral but even existential challenges (with the emergence of the debt crisis and the Greek tragedy being the most

in The European Left Party
Jack Lawrence Luzkow

6 Rethinking the state Political language is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectful, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind. — George Orwell The United States spent more on its big bank bailout, which helped the banks to maintain their generous bonuses, than it spent to help those who were unemployed as a result of the recession that the big banks brought about. — Joseph Stiglitz1 The Great Recession of 2008 and its aftermath alerted us once again to the dangers of an unfettered and unregulated market. The US, followed by the UK

in The great forgetting
Michael Marsh
David M. Farrell
, and
Theresa Reidy

’s history. These outcomes follow a pattern seen across a number of Western Europe’s established democracies in which the ‘deep crisis’ of the Great Recession has wreaked havoc on party systems (e.g. Hernández and Kriesi, 2015). The objective of this book is to assess this most extraordinary of Irish elections both in its Irish and wider cross-national context. With contributions from leading scholars on Irish elections and parties, and using a unique dataset – the Irish National Election Study (INES) 2016 – this volume explores voting patterns at Ireland’s first post

in The post-crisis Irish voter
Kim Moody

capitalist nations. 23 The participation of the social-democratic parties in austerity, deregulation, and privatization across Western Europe was universal from the early 1980s through the Great Recession of 2008–2009, emulating in only slightly modified form the direction set by Reagan and Thatcher and soon adopted by the Clinton Administration. While the stronger welfare states in Europe have held up better than the weaker New Deal/Great Society version in the United States, the direction of neoliberal policy in Western Europe, especially in Germany, France, and even

in Marxism and America
Abstract only
Brian Elliott

-hundred-year-old legacy of agitation and self-organization, under neoliberalism the working class in the UK and other liberal democracies has experienced the collapse of traditionally left-leaning political parties into mere creatures of hegemonic corporate interests. This process reached a transparently grotesque point when the 2008 Great Recession hit. At this point, the lurid contrast between homeowners being evicted due to defaulting on their mortgage loans and bank CEOs (chief executive officers) netting millions of dollars in bonuses become socially explosive. The Occupy

in The roots of populism
The Eurozone crisis, Brexit, and possible disintegration
Peter J. Verovšek

and apply these resources to make very different arguments. However, these difficulties represent only one aspect of the problems facing the EU at the start of the twenty-first century. In addition to the continental divisions over memory, the global financial crisis brought on by the fall of Lehman Brothers, one of the world’s largest financial service providers, in September 2008 has opened new rifts in Europe. In addition to the east–west fault lines created following the accessions of 2004, as a result of the Great Recession the EU and its common currency

in Memory and the future of Europe