Policing the racial order through
the group favouritism continuum
The pervasiveness of economic and racial inequalities is undeniable.
It is evident from the whiteness of the top tiers of the labour market,
to the escalating overt anti-migrant sentiments of right-wing nationalists, not overlooking the higher unemployment rate of Black workers
compared with their White counterparts – in Ireland and across
Europe. Despite the growing population of Europeans of Black African
descent with credentials acquired in European institutions, many
labour forces in the
With race as a central theme, this book presents racial stratification as the underlying system which accounts for the difference in outcomes of Whites and Blacks in the labour market. Critical race theory (CRT) is employed to discuss the operation, research, maintenance and impact of racial stratification. The power of this book is the innovative use of a stratification framework to expose the pervasiveness of racial inequality in the labour market. It teaches readers how to use CRT to investigate the racial hierarchy and it provides a replicable framework to identify the racial order based on insight from the Irish case. There is a four-stage framework in the book which helps readers understand how migrants navigate the labour market from the point of migration to labour participation. The book also highlights minority agency and how migrants respond to their marginality. The examples of how social acceptance can be applied in managing difference in the workplace are an added bonus for those interested in diversity and inclusion. This book is the first of its kind in Ireland and across Europe to present inequality, racism and discrimination in the labour market from a racial stratification perspective. While this book is based on Irish data, the CRT theoretical approach, as well as its insight into migrant perspectives, poses a strong appeal to scholars of sociology, social justice, politics, intercultural communication and economics with interest in race and ethnicity, critical whiteness and migration. It is a timely contribution to CRT which offers scholars a method to conduct empirical study of racial stratification across different countries bypassing the over-reliance on secondary data. It will also appeal to countries and scholars examining causal racism and how it shapes racial inequality.
theory on the labour market which centralises race is egregious. Rather, the ubiquity of implicit bias, groupfavouritism, inferiorisation of difference and harsh workplace environments consigns people of migrant descent, particularly people of Black
African descent to the bottom of the racial ladder. Even with increasing
diversity in society, the labour market in Ireland is still a white space of
white privilege that invisibilises difference. We need a critical race theory
of the labour market similar to CRT in Education and legal scholarship
where the focus of