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Author: Abigail Susik

Surrealist sabotage and the war on work is an art-historical study devoted to international surrealism’s critique of wage labour and its demand for non-alienated work between the 1920s and the 1970s. The Introduction and Chapter 1 frame the genealogy of surrealism’s work refusal in relation to its inter-war investment in ultra-left politics, its repudiation of French nationalism, and the early twentieth-century development of sabotage theory in the labour movement. Chapter 2 proposes an interpretation of surrealist automatism in 1920s France as a subversion of disciplined production in the emerging information society and also reperformance of feminised information labour. Chapter 3 is a study of autoeroticism and autonomy in Spanish surrealist Óscar Domínguez’s depictions of women’s work tools, such as the sewing machine and the typewriter, in works of art across media during the 1930s. Chapter 4 provides a historical account of labour activism in Chicago surrealism during the 1960s and 1970s, including an analysis of the Chicago surrealist epistolary exchange with German philosopher Herbert Marcuse. An Epilogue considers the paintings that German surrealist Konrad Klapheck made depicting sewing machines, typewriters, and other tools of information labour during the 1960s, in conjunction with related works by other surrealists such as Giovanna. As a whole, Surrealist sabotage and the war on work demonstrates that international surrealism critiqued wage labour symbolically, theoretically, and politically, through works of art, aesthetics theories, and direct actions meant to effect immediate social intervention.

Abigail Susik

1966. According to Rosemont, ‘To be effective, the struggle to abolish work must become conscious, vocal, public, organized, and international.’ 2 She invokes Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels’s mid-nineteenth-century call for the abolition of alienated labour and André Breton’s 1956 condemnation of miserabilism as the ‘deprecation of reality in place of its exaltation’. 3 Rosemont devotes particular attention to Frankfurt School philosopher Herbert Marcuse’s notions of the ‘pleasure principle’, the

in Surrealist sabotage and the war on work
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Beyond the mid-century
Lisa Mullen

shiny dreamworld of the automobile showroom. In 1944, Elizabeth Bowen had observed Blitz survivors piecing themselves together by collecting old fragments from the rubble; in 1964, Herbert Marcuse noted: ‘The people recognise themselves in their commodities; they find their soul in their automobile, hi-fi set, split-level home, kitchen equipment.’ 8 One-Dimensional Man , his influential study of consumerism and its ability to penetrate the personal, shows how the new became more important than the old during the intervening decades, yet his

in Mid-century gothic
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Anastasia Marinopoulou

 us. 4 Max Horkheimer, ‘Die Philosophie I. Kants und die Aufklärung’, www.youtube.com/​ watch?v=KyP6li6AnE0, accessed 29 September 2012. 5 Herbert Marcuse, ‘Im Gespräch’, www.youtube.com/​watch?v=C5PU0EASi_​Q, accessed 22 October 2012. 6 Andrew Arato and Eike Gebhardt (eds), The Essential Frankfurt School Reader (New York: Continuum, 1998), 6. 7 For Horkheimer the state of knowledge of a society defines what each society considers or recognizes as ideological and, moreover, converts it into a supposedly common sense knowledge, which, because of its ideological

in Critical theory and epistemology
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Override dysfunctions and the ‘Klapheck computer’
Abigail Susik

have also been influenced to some degree by the works of Herbert Marcuse, whose Fourier-indebted theories about libidinal work relations in Eros and Civilization were acknowledged by the Paris surrealists by the early 1960s, in some measure because, as we saw in Chapter 4 , Breton himself was quoted there. As Georges Sebbag explained, post-World War II surrealism was profoundly influenced by Fourier’s vision of a future society of ‘luxury and abundance’ and ‘free and harmonious association’, based on a

in Surrealist sabotage and the war on work
Word and image in Chicago Surrealism
Joanna Pawlik

be recognisable as such, to have any purchase, it will only be so to those who can respond to the discrepancy between its poetic and commodity form, which functioned as an index of both alienation and its alternative. Its rightful audience was the workers and their allies, whose alienated labour did not preclude, indeed was the condition of, non-alienated consumption of the product. These issues were raised in relief in the group’s correspondence with Herbert Marcuse, published in Arsenal and lavishly illustrated with frames from comics and cartoons drawn from

in Mixed messages
Bogdan Popa

, which distinguishes between psychology (e.g., unconscious desires) and the structure of capitalism (the material production of capitalism). The assumption that the unconscious by itself can serve as a site for liberation from capitalism has deeply affected queer theory. Kevin Floyd observed that psychoanalysis had an important impact on gay liberation, and in particular, Herbert

in De-centering queer theory
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Abigail Susik

philosopher Herbert Marcuse reminded readers in his 1955 book Eros and Civilization: A Philosophical Inquiry into Freud , the surrealist critique of what Sigmund Freud called the reality principle is at the same time an impassioned embrace of potential and possibility, a refusal of what is to enable what can be . 7 Whereas Freud had only briefly accounted for what he termed ‘the significance of work for the economics of the libido’ in his 1930 book Civilization and Its Discontents , Marcuse sought to fully

in Surrealist sabotage and the war on work
Social and cultural modernity beyond the nation-state
Author: Shivdeep Grewal

German philosopher Jürgen Habermas has written extensively on the European Union. This is the only in-depth account of his project. Published now in a second edition to coincide with the celebration of his ninetieth birthday, a new preface considers Habermas’s writings on the eurozone and refugee crises, populism and Brexit, and the presidency of Emmanuel Macron.

Placing an emphasis on the conception of the EU that informs Habermas’s political prescriptions, the book is divided into two main parts. The first considers the unfolding of 'social modernity' at the level of the EU. Among the subjects covered are Habermas's concept of juridification, the latter's affinities with integration theories such as neofunctionalism, and the application of Habermas's democratic theory to the EU. The second part addresses 'cultural modernity' in Europe – 'Europessimism' is argued to be a subset of the broader cultural pessimism that assailed the project of modernity in the late twentieth century, and with renewed intensity in the years since 9/11.

Interdisciplinary in approach, this book engages with European/EU studies, critical theory, political theory, international relations, intellectual history, comparative literature, and philosophy. Concise and clearly written, it will be of interest to students, scholars and professionals with an interest in these disciplines, as well as to a broader readership concerned with the future of Europe

Catherine Spencer

with critiques of technology’s domination and coercion by commentators such as Herbert Marcuse. 120 Yet these Happenings remain connected to Minujín’s concern with the relationships among sociability, cultural capital, economics and political agency. Moreover, they actualise the competing debates about the political possibilities of the counterculture, pointing to the limits of both liberatory and conformist readings alike. Like Minucode and Circuit (Super Heterodyne) , Interpenning and Kidnappening occupied a key locus of soft diplomacy, presented during

in Beyond the Happening