Search results

You are looking at 1 - 4 of 4 items for :

  • "Hippocratic paradigm" x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All

The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand, and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state) health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’ dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment). The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).

Open Access (free)
The narrative
Sara De Vido

.indd 12 24/03/2020 11:01 Introduction: the narrative  and to some degree open-ended) of the flourishing and complete human life.’79 Thus the ideas elaborated in Hellenistic thought are well suited to describe all aspects of human life. In the field of international studies, the sociologist Johan Galtung applied the Hippocratic paradigm to the peaceful resolution of disputes between states in his famous work Peace by Peaceful Means.80 He argued that peace studies ‘have much to learn from the paradigm,’ and that ‘much thought, speech and action in the field of violence

in Violence against women’s health in international law
Bodies and environments in Italy and England

This book explores whether early modern people cared about their health, and what did it mean to lead a healthy life in Italy and England. According to the Galenic-Hippocratic tradition, 'preservative' medicine was one of the three central pillars of the physician's art. Through a range of textual evidence, images and material artefacts, the book documents the profound impact which ideas about healthy living had on daily practices as well as on intellectual life and the material world in Italy and England. Staying healthy and health conservation was understood as depending on the careful management of the six 'Non-Naturals': the air one breathed, food and drink, excretions, sleep, exercise and repose, and the 'passions of the soul'. The book provides fresh evidence about the centrality of the Non-Naturals in relation to groups whose health has not yet been investigated in works about prevention: babies, women and convalescents. Pregnancy constituted a frequent physical state for many women of the early modern European aristocracy. The emphasis on motion and rest, cleansing the body, and improving the mental and spiritual states made a difference for the aristocratic woman's success in the trade of frequent pregnancy and childbirth. Preventive advice was not undifferentiated, nor simply articulated by individual complexion. Examining the roles of the Non-Naturals, the book provides a more holistic view of convalescent care. It also deals with the paradoxical nature of perceptions about the Neapolitan environment and the way in which its airs were seen to affect human bodies and health.

The Non-Naturals in early modern culture and society
Sandra Cavallo

of a comparative approach, even if just between two distinct geographical areas, allows us to explore the important question of the transnational extension of preventive health ideas. To date, little or no critical attention has been paid to this issue; rather, it is often implicitly assumed that health recommendations had a universal value, at least within the European or Western contexts. The frequent references to a Galenic-Hippocratic paradigm in the scholarly literature on prevention suggest that European countries relied on a singular and uniform classical

in Conserving health in early modern culture