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Philip Begley

Rivers of blood Britain in the 1970s often appeared to be defined by fear and uncertainty. 1 The decade arguably witnessed a subtle yet discernible change in atmosphere. 2 There can be little doubt that it witnessed a change in tone. If there was one issue which cut across popular concerns about economic decline, governability and morality, it was immigration. The 1970s was the most propitious post-war decade for these kinds of fears. 3 It was a period of high inflation and unemployment. 4 There was a moral backlash against the decadence and

in The making of Thatcherism
Abstract only
Communicating conventions of (in)visibility in contemporary Spain
Maria van Liew

accounts of the immigrant experience, newly familiar when merged with recognisable modes of storytelling such as the case of Spanish immigration films. In response to the racial and ethnic differences posed by a rapid growth in immigration to Spain and public attention to its increasing visibility in the streets by the mid-1980s due to press coverage of the famous ley de Extranjería , 2 Spanish film

in Contemporary Spanish cinema and genre
Identities in flux in French literature, television, and film

Christiane Taubira's spirited invocation of colonial poetry at the French National Assembly in 2013 denounced the French politics of assimilation in Guyana . It was seen as an attempt to promote respect for difference, defend the equality of gay and heterosexual rights, and give a voice to silent social and cultural minorities. Taubira's unmatched passion for poetry and social justice, applied to the current Political arena, made her an instant star in the media and on the Internet. This book relates to the mimetic and transformative powers of literature and film. It examines literary works and films that help deflate stereotypes regarding France's post-immigration population, promote a new respect for cultural and ethnic minorities. The writers and filmmakers examined in the book have found new ways to conceptualize the French heritage of immigration from North Africa and to portray the current state of multiculturalism in France. The book opens with Steve Puig's helpful recapitulation of the development of beur, banlieue, and urban literatures, closely related and partly overlapping taxonomies describing the cultural production of second-generation, postcolonial immigrants to France. Discussing the works of three writers, the book discusses the birth of a new Maghrebi-French women's literature. Next comes an examination of how the fictional portrayal of women in Guene's novels differs from the representation of female characters in traditional beur literature. The book also explores the development of Abdellatif Kechiche's cinema, Djaidani's film and fiction, French perception of Maghrebi-French youth, postmemorial immigration, fiction, and postmemory and identity in harki.

Integration policy in Britain and France after the SecondWorld War
Eleanor Passmore
Andrew S. Thompson

Multiculturalism is widely considered to be a defining feature of Britain’s response to post-war immigration and remains the most important – if contested – idea underpinning the British approach to integration. This chapter explores the origins of the concept of multiculturalism by comparing official rhetoric about ‘new’ Commonwealth immigration during the 1950s and 1960s

in Empire, migration and identity in the British world
The public debates of the 1980s, 1990s and twenty-first century
Nadia Kiwan

1 Nation, immigration, integration: the public debates of the 1980s, 1990s and twenty-first century Introduction This chapter examines the emergence of immigration as the subject of public debate in France from the 1980s onwards. In addition to a discussion of the conceptual framework which formed the parameters of the public debate, I aim to show not only how the question of immigration became politicised but also to reveal why this was the case. This chapter is divided into two parts. The section entitled ‘Nations and nationalisms’ takes the form of a

in Identities, discourses and experiences
Sous les pieds des femmes and Vivre au paradis
Carrie Tarr

d’immigrés: l’heritage maghrébin (1997–98), based on contemporary testimonies by first-generation immigrants about their hitherto unvoiced, unrecorded experiences of immigration (Durmelat 2000 ). 2 These films make a significant, if belated, attempt to address some of the ‘trous de mémoire’ in France’s recollection of its chequered colonial and postcolonial past, and in so doing challenge French cinema’s conventional construction of history

in Reframing difference
Bryan Fanning

8 Immigration and the Celtic Tiger Immigration and the Celtic Tiger Bryan Fanning Introduction The lack of substantial opposition to, or even sustained political debate about, post-­ 1990s immigration in the Irish case contrasted strongly with what occurred in several other European countries. The Republic of Ireland quickly and quietly transformed from a mono-­ethnic nation State, one characterized by historical antipathy towards indigenous minorities such as Jews, Protestants and Travellers, into one with a comparatively large immigrant population (Fanning

in From prosperity to austerity
The competing imperatives of minority settler colonialism, 1945–53
Jean P. Smith

Southern Rhodesia in the immediate post-war period. 5 In the case of South Africa, these continued connections have been overshadowed by the 1948 National Party electoral victory that set South Africa on the road to apartheid and by 1961 republic and political separation from Britain. 6 At first glance, it seems that the political shift of 1948 was mirrored by a drop in both overall European immigration and the proportion of British immigrants after 1948, as illustrated in Table 3.1 . Previous studies have attributed the

in Settlers at the end of empire
Samuel Zaoui’s Saint Denis bout du monde
Mireille Le Breton

12 Rewriting the memory of immigration: Samuel Zaoui’s Saint Denis bout du monde Mireille Le Breton In the 1980s and 1990s, a movement erupted on the French literary scene: the descendants of first-generation Maghrebi immigrants started to write autobiographical or semi-autobiographical novels in order to voice their mal-être in a society that did not seem to acknowledge they were French, endowed with the same rights as any citizen living in the French Republic.1 Their narratives also incorporate stories of their parents’ generation, people who had left for

in Reimagining North African Immigration
Florence Mok

The piece was written in 1956 by Chief Secretary, Claude Burgess and was re-quoted by Secretary for Information, David Ford in a speech, ‘The Price of Freedom’ in June 1979. By then, the statement possessed a new meaning. To justify the new immigration policy, Ford employed Burgess’s statement but deliberately omitted the answer provided by Burgess to these questions he raised in 1956

in Covert colonialism