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Philip Begley

Rivers of blood Britain in the 1970s often appeared to be defined by fear and uncertainty. 1 The decade arguably witnessed a subtle yet discernible change in atmosphere. 2 There can be little doubt that it witnessed a change in tone. If there was one issue which cut across popular concerns about economic decline, governability and morality, it was immigration. The 1970s was the most propitious post-war decade for these kinds of fears. 3 It was a period of high inflation and unemployment. 4 There was a moral backlash against the decadence and

in The making of Thatcherism
Identities in flux in French literature, television, and film

Christiane Taubira's spirited invocation of colonial poetry at the French National Assembly in 2013 denounced the French politics of assimilation in Guyana . It was seen as an attempt to promote respect for difference, defend the equality of gay and heterosexual rights, and give a voice to silent social and cultural minorities. Taubira's unmatched passion for poetry and social justice, applied to the current Political arena, made her an instant star in the media and on the Internet. This book relates to the mimetic and transformative powers of literature and film. It examines literary works and films that help deflate stereotypes regarding France's post-immigration population, promote a new respect for cultural and ethnic minorities. The writers and filmmakers examined in the book have found new ways to conceptualize the French heritage of immigration from North Africa and to portray the current state of multiculturalism in France. The book opens with Steve Puig's helpful recapitulation of the development of beur, banlieue, and urban literatures, closely related and partly overlapping taxonomies describing the cultural production of second-generation, postcolonial immigrants to France. Discussing the works of three writers, the book discusses the birth of a new Maghrebi-French women's literature. Next comes an examination of how the fictional portrayal of women in Guene's novels differs from the representation of female characters in traditional beur literature. The book also explores the development of Abdellatif Kechiche's cinema, Djaidani's film and fiction, French perception of Maghrebi-French youth, postmemorial immigration, fiction, and postmemory and identity in harki.

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Communicating conventions of (in)visibility in contemporary Spain
Maria van Liew

accounts of the immigrant experience, newly familiar when merged with recognisable modes of storytelling such as the case of Spanish immigration films. In response to the racial and ethnic differences posed by a rapid growth in immigration to Spain and public attention to its increasing visibility in the streets by the mid-1980s due to press coverage of the famous ley de Extranjería , 2 Spanish film

in Contemporary Spanish cinema and genre

This book argues for a cultural, rather than a sociological or economic, approach to understand how immigrants become part of new country. It argues that the language used to talk about immigration determines the kinds of things that can be said about it. In contrast to the language of integration or assimilation which evaluates an immigrant’s success in relation to a static endpoint (e.g. integrated or not), ‘settling’ makes it possible to see how immigrants and their descendants engage in an ongoing process of adaptation. In order to understand this process of settling, it is important to pay particular attention to immigrants not only as consumers, but also as producers of culture, since artistic production provides a unique and nuanced perspective on immigrants’ sense of home and belonging, especially within the multi-generational process of settling. In order to anchor these larger theoretical questions in actual experience, this book looks at music, theatre and literature by artists of Turkish immigrant origin in France.

Integration policy in Britain and France after the SecondWorld War
Eleanor Passmore and Andrew S. Thompson

Multiculturalism is widely considered to be a defining feature of Britain’s response to post-war immigration and remains the most important – if contested – idea underpinning the British approach to integration. This chapter explores the origins of the concept of multiculturalism by comparing official rhetoric about ‘new’ Commonwealth immigration during the 1950s and 1960s

in Empire, migration and identity in the British world
The public debates of the 1980s, 1990s and twenty-first century
Nadia Kiwan

1 Nation, immigration, integration: the public debates of the 1980s, 1990s and twenty-first century Introduction This chapter examines the emergence of immigration as the subject of public debate in France from the 1980s onwards. In addition to a discussion of the conceptual framework which formed the parameters of the public debate, I aim to show not only how the question of immigration became politicised but also to reveal why this was the case. This chapter is divided into two parts. The section entitled ‘Nations and nationalisms’ takes the form of a

in Identities, discourses and experiences
Sous les pieds des femmes and Vivre au paradis
Carrie Tarr

d’immigrés: l’heritage maghrébin (1997–98), based on contemporary testimonies by first-generation immigrants about their hitherto unvoiced, unrecorded experiences of immigration (Durmelat 2000 ). 2 These films make a significant, if belated, attempt to address some of the ‘trous de mémoire’ in France’s recollection of its chequered colonial and postcolonial past, and in so doing challenge French cinema’s conventional construction of history

in Reframing difference
Bryan Fanning

8 Immigration and the Celtic Tiger Immigration and the Celtic Tiger Bryan Fanning Introduction The lack of substantial opposition to, or even sustained political debate about, post-­ 1990s immigration in the Irish case contrasted strongly with what occurred in several other European countries. The Republic of Ireland quickly and quietly transformed from a mono-­ethnic nation State, one characterized by historical antipathy towards indigenous minorities such as Jews, Protestants and Travellers, into one with a comparatively large immigrant population (Fanning

in From prosperity to austerity
Samuel Zaoui’s Saint Denis bout du monde
Mireille Le Breton

12 Rewriting the memory of immigration: Samuel Zaoui’s Saint Denis bout du monde Mireille Le Breton In the 1980s and 1990s, a movement erupted on the French literary scene: the descendants of first-generation Maghrebi immigrants started to write autobiographical or semi-autobiographical novels in order to voice their mal-être in a society that did not seem to acknowledge they were French, endowed with the same rights as any citizen living in the French Republic.1 Their narratives also incorporate stories of their parents’ generation, people who had left for

in Reimagining North African Immigration
Hannah Jones, Yasmin Gunaratnam, Gargi Bhattacharyya, William Davies, Sukhwant Dhaliwal, Emma Jackson, and Roiyah Saltus

3 Immigration and the limits of statistical government Camden Town Hall in North London is a popular venue for weddings and civil ceremonies. In November 2013 it was the venue for the marriage of a Miao Guo, a Chinese national in her twenties and Massimo Ciabattini, an Italian man in his thirties, for which elaborate preparations had been made, including a post-service reception and a hotel room for the night. The ceremony was dramatically

in Go home?