Abstract only
Clare Wilkinson and Emma Weitkamp

The word ‘impact’ is a real buzz word in academic fields, to the extent that we questioned whether it was risky to title a chapter ‘impact’. The danger with popular terminology is that as swiftly as it comes into fashion, so too can it be disowned, but it is important to recognise that many of the issues bound up in ‘impact’ are not new to research communication. What does impact mean? If we start simply, the Oxford English Dictionary defines impact as ‘the effective action of one thing or person upon another; the effect of such action; influence

in Creative research communication
Boiling volcano?
Author: Brian Hanley

Divisions between north and south Ireland were prevalent since the 1920s. Yet, until the 1970s, nobody in public life in the Republic of Ireland argued that partition was justified. This book examines in detail the impact of the Northern Irish Troubles on southern Irish society during the period 1968-79. It begins with the aftermath of the civil rights march in Derry in October 1968 and traces the reaction to the events until the autumn of 1972. The impact of August 1969, the aftermath of internment and the response to Bloody Sunday are examined. The book looks at violence south of the border, particularly bombings and shootings and their human cost, and examines state security, censorship and the popular protests associated with these issues. A general outlook at the changing attitudes to refugees and northern nationalists is provided before describing the impact of the conflict on southern Protestants. The controversies concerning the Irish Republican Army and their activities are highlighted. The book looks at the question of revisionism and how debates about history were played out in academia as well as at a popular level. A variety of social and cultural responses to the conflict are examined, including attitudes to Britain and northern Unionists. For many southerners, Ulster was practically a foreign country and Northern Ireland did not seem very Irish. By 1979, the prospect of an end to the conflict seemed dim.

Helen Brooks and Penny Bee

Research dissemination and impact Helen Brooks and Penny Bee Chapter overview Research activity does not finish when data analysis is complete. Once research findings are available, researchers still have obligations to fulfil. These obligations include sharing the findings with different audiences and ensuring maximum impact from the study. A Research Handbook for Patient and Public Involvement Researchers Chapter 10: The process of sharing research learning with others can be an enjoyable but challenging one. Often it is referred to as dissemination, but

in A research handbook for patient and public involvement researchers
Mark O’Brien

  111 7 The impact of television Television brought with it a new brand of vigorous, questioning journalism which required politicians and even clerics to explain themselves before the cameras. The new regime was almost as traumatic for print journalists as it was for the public figures who had to face the hostile environment of the TV studio.1 — Michael O’Toole on the arrival of television In the early 1960s, the country was at what one author described as ‘the threshold of a delayed peaceful, social revolution’.2 In 1959, Seán Lemass succeeded Éamon de

in The Fourth Estate
J. A. Chandler

2 The impact of industrialisation The political crisis that led up to the 1832 Electoral Reform Act is seen as a near-bloodless revolution that levered the landed elites from power in favour of urban merchants and industrialists, and, in the context of local government, led to the 1834 Poor Law Reform and the 1835 Municipal Corporations Acts that began the modernisation of the system.1 While the 1832 crisis precipitated these major reforms, they were not a radical break with the past. Poor Law unions, improvement commissions and Peel’s ideas on police and

in Explaining local government
Rosemary Horrox

raging in the county. 92. A wrong redressed The moral impact of plague emerges from the resolution of this long-standing Essex dispute. The entry was made at the foot of the record of proceedings in the court for the manor of Waltham, held at Pleshy on 1 April 1349. Almost all the

in The Black Death
Alastair J. Reid

9780719081033_2_C04.qxd 1/20/10 9:06 Page 62 4 The impact of machinery: hullbuilders The account of late nineteenth and early twentieth-century British shipbuilding given so far has called into question a number of the assumptions about industrial development which commonly underlie studies in modern labour history. Most shipyards in this period gave a high priority to flexibility in production, and the absence of standardisation was accompanied by a continued preference for manual labour rather than heavy investment in machinery. Most shipyards also found

in The tide of democracy
Alastair J. Reid

9780719081033_2_C05.qxd 1/20/10 9:07 Page 82 5 The impact of machinery: outfitters Standardised production in engineering The story of the engineers has been more frequently told, usually as the archetypal case of the long-run trend towards the loss of craft skills and craft independence. However, although the engineers’ union did suffer humiliating defeats at the hands of the employers’ association after the famous lock-out in 1897, and again in 1922, the implications of these events for craft skills in the industry have usually been misunderstood. Despite

in The tide of democracy
Abstract only
Brian Hanley

Drogheda. My father, along with his workmates, contributed weekly from their wages to the families of those interned in the North. My parents went to see groups like 2 The impact of the Troubles 1968–79 The Barleycorn, whose hit ‘The Men Behind The Wire’, was hugely popular during the winter of 1971. But a few years later, living in Limerick, the North was not just more physically distant, but no longer worthy of as much sympathy. The violence there remained a constant feature of television and radio news, but often seemed inexplicable. I heard terms like ‘Herrema

in The impact of the Troubles on the Republic of Ireland, 1968–79
Brian Hanley

The impact of the Troubles 1968–79 attacks occurred at nighttime causing damage to property rather than injuries to people. Escalation But with violence intensifying in the North, loyalists began to carry out more deadly actions. An arson attack on a factory in Emyvale, Co. Monaghan during February 1972 was believed to be retaliation for the shooting of Unionist MP John Taylor.8 In March, letter bombs were sent to the homes of southern-based Provisional and Official IRA leaders.9 There was another series of incendiary attacks on Dublin department stores in May 1972

in The impact of the Troubles on the Republic of Ireland, 1968–79