More a disease than a profession
Editor: Kevin Rafter

This book illuminates the history of Irish journalism and enhances the idea of journalism as a scholarly exercise rooted in the historical evolution of the profession. The most curious episodes in the history of Irish journalism was the world-wide fame attained by the Skibbereen Eagle, a small provincial newspaper which declared that it was keeping an eye on the Tsar of Russia. William Howard Russell is probably the best known of the Irish-born correspondents who captured dramatic events from far-flung locations for newspaper readers. The book then examines the careers of four prominent Irish or Irish-American journalists, editors and newspaper proprietors based in Chicago, who struggled to tread the fine line between assimilation and identity. The four Chicago journalists previously mentioned are listed here: Melville E. Stone, John F. Finerty, Margaret Sullivan and Finley Peter Dunne. The book further focuses on Sinn Fein and its influence in altering the vision for Ireland's future. It considers the role of Irish newspapers in the peace process which ended the Irish War of Independence and led to the Anglo-Irish Treaty in December 1921. The book concentrates on the three most popular Irish daily newspapers at the time, the Freeman's Journal, Irish Independent and The Irish Times. Finally, the book explores the work of Irish journalists abroad and shows how the great political debates about Ireland's place in the United Kingdom served as a backdrop to newspaper publication in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

This study reveals the desperate plight of the poor, neglected, illegitimate and abused children in an Irish society that claimed to ‘cherish’ and hold them sacred, but in fact marginalized and ignored them. It examines the history of childhood in post-independence Ireland, breaking new ground in examining the role of the state in caring for its most vulnerable citizens. In foregrounding policy and practice as it related to poor, illegitimate and abused children, the book gives voice to historical actors who formed a significant proportion of the Irish population but who have been ignored and marginalized in the historical record. Moreover, it uses the experiences of those children as lenses through which to re-evaluate the Catholic influence in post-independence Irish society. The historiography on church and state in modern Ireland tends to emphasise the formal means through which the church sought to ensure that Irish social policy was infused with Catholic principles. While it is almost cliché to suggest that the Catholic Church exerted influence over many aspects of Irish life, there have been few attempts to examine what this meant in practical terms. The book offers a different interpretation of the relationship between and among the Catholic Church, the political establishment and Irish people.

‘A living tomb for women’

Marital violence in post-independence Ireland, 1922–96 represents the first comprehensive history of marital violence in modern Ireland, from the founding of the Irish Free State in 1922 to the passage of the Domestic Violence Act and the legalisation of divorce in 1996. Based upon extensive research of under-used court records, this groundbreaking study sheds light on the attitudes, practices and laws surrounding marital violence in twentieth-century Ireland. While many men beat their wives with impunity throughout this period, victims of marital violence had little refuge for at least fifty years after independence. During a time when most abused wives remained locked in violent marriages, this book explores the ways in which men, women and children responded to marital violence. It raises important questions about women’s status within marriage and society, the nature of family life and the changing ideals and lived realities of the modern marital experience in Ireland.

1 Marital violence as a social problem in post-independence Ireland, 1922–65 In her memoir, Are You Somebody?, Nuala O’Faolain describes the bleak life of her mother Catherine, a woman who lost herself in novels and alcohol in order to take refuge from her thirteen pregnancies, her enduring poverty, and her philandering and largely absent husband. Catherine was neither domestic nor maternal, and she became an increasingly neglectful mother as she spent more of her time drinking at the local pub. ‘My mother didn’t want anything to do with childrearing or housework

in Marital violence in post-independence Ireland, 1922–96
Colonial cultures of sport and diplomacy in Afghanistan, 1919–49

Colonial cultures of sport and diplomacy in Afghanistan 89 5 Contesting independence: colonial cultures of sport and diplomacy in Afghanistan, 1919–49 Maximilian Drephal Introduction: Afghanistan’s independence celebrations Afghanistan became independent in 1919, and the Afghan state commemorated the moment of statal independence and the making of an Afghan nation during weeklong celebrations in each following year, staging military parades, organising cultural programmes and hosting sports competitions. Amir Amanullah Khan established the festivities

in Sport and diplomacy
Arthur Griffith and Sinn Féin, 1906–1914

father and, while working at Thom’s Gazette Room, he was generally referred to as the ‘son of old Arthur Griffith, the pressman’.4 The Franklin Printing Works employed him as a compositor and copywriter, and he worked on The Nation and the Irish Daily Independent.5 This apprenticeship would serve him well when he came to edit his own newspapers. Rafter, Irish journalism before independence.indd 186 28/07/2011 11:24:05 Arthur Griffith and Sinn Féin 187 With the exception of Virginia Glandon’s excellent Arthur Griffith and the Advanced Nationalist Press, Griffith

in Irish journalism before independence
Abstract only
Irish journalists and the 1920–21 peace process

16 Truce to Treaty: Irish journalists and the 1920–21 peace process Ian Kenneally This chapter considers the role of Irish newspapers in the peace process which ended the War of Independence and led to the Anglo-Irish Treaty in December 1921.1 With the exception of Michael Hopkinson’s The Irish War of Independence very little attention has focussed upon the peace process that got underway in the summer of 1920 and continued in a haphazard manner until the signing of the Treaty.2 While there has been increasing attention on the history and political impact of

in Irish journalism before independence
Guinean nationalism in the 1950s

2 A vocation for independence: Guinean nationalism in the 1950s Mairi MacDonald Within four weeks of its ‘no’ vote in the referendum of 28 September 1958, newly independent Guinea’s president Ahmed Sékou Touré was already hard at work defining independence as the centrepiece of the new country’s political culture: Independence is a word that is full of nobility; independence is sacred because it must be born in our spirits on the very day that foreign domination takes hold in a country. That is to say that Africa’s vocation for independence is not born today

in Francophone Africa at fifty
A promising beginning

3 The ‘war of independence’: a promising beginning The invention of the ‘War of Independence’ The classification of the conflict unleashed in the Iberian peninsula between 1808 and 1814 as a ‘war of independence’, the term eventually bestowed upon it as a result of the nationalist narrative of these events, is highly questionable. If ‘war of independence’ is understood to mean an attempt at secession by the inhabitants of a territory integrated against their will into an empire, it should be borne in mind that Napoleon had no intention of turning the Spanish

in Spanish identity in the age of nations

Bayly 05_Tonra 01 21/06/2011 10:22 Page 125 5 Health in India since independence 1 Sunil S. Amrith We recognise health as an inalienable human right that every individual can justly claim. So long as wide health inequalities exist in our country and access to essential health care is not universally assured, we would fall short in both economic planning and in our moral obligation to all citizens. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, October 20052 This chapter suggests that a historical perspective on health policy in independent India can help to explain a

in History, historians and development policy