‘Rikki-Tikki-Tavi’, the story that made me a lifelong Kipling enthusiast, is
a story of multi-layered meanings. As an animal fable it is accessible to young
children like me as a very small girl suffering from terrifying nightmares, to
whom a kind aunt read a wonderful story about a strange little animal called
a mongoose, who would sit on a child’s bed and keep watch, ready to kill
the wicked creatures that lurked in the shadows after the light was turned
off. But it is not only a comforting tale of a protecting
While most of the Germans who suffered expulsion during the First World War lived within British shores, the Royal Navy brought Germans from throughout the world to face incarceration in the their network of camp. This book offers a new interpretation of global migration from the early nineteenth until the early twentieth century. It examines the elite German migrants who progressed to India, especially missionaries, scholars and scientists, businessmen and travellers. The book investigates the reasons for the migration of Germans to India. An examination of the realities of German existence in India follows. It then examines the complex identities of the Germans in India in the century before the First World War. The role of the role of racism, orientalism and Christianity is discussed. The stereotypes that emerged from travelogues include: an admiration of Indian landscapes; contempt for Hinduism; criticism of the plight of women; and repulsion at cityscapes. The book moves to focus upon the transformation which took place as a result of this conflict, mirroring the plight of Germans in other parts of the world. The marginalisation which took place in 1920 closely mirrored the plight of the German communities throughout the British Empire. The unique aspect of the experience in India consisted of the birth of a national identity. Finally, the book places the experience of the Germans in India into four contexts: the global history of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; German history; history of the British Empire in India; and Indian history.
This book is a collection of essays on Rudyard Kipling and brings historical, literary critical and postcolonial approaches to this perennially controversial writer. The first and fairest thing to say about Kipling is that he has borne a brilliant part in recovering the lost provinces of poetry. Kipling's morality is the morality of someone who has to prove that God is not responsible for part of the world, and that the Devil is. Kipling's imperialist opinions became more strident after the Boer War he lost the esteem of British literary intellectuals, whom he in turn despised. The book addresses Kipling's approach to the Boer war, his involvement with World War One, his Englishness and the politics of literary quotation. It demonstrates the effects of a Kipling-conditioned world on Edward Thomas, Ivor Gurney and David Jones. The book focuses on Kipling's collection of stories and accompanying poems, Actions and Reactions, which was published in October 1909. It also probes the historical subtext of the children's fable Rikki-Tikki-Tavi and Indian history, Kipling's search for God, and his longest Indian experience of footloose travel in the Native states of North India. Stalky & Co is the text of Kipling's which features the largest number of quotations. Kipling's notion of the ideally masculine 'army man' in relation to contemporary late Victorian discourses and practices of same-sex passion is analyzed. The book also addresses Kipling's views on the question of fascism, anti-Semitism and the 'doctrine of racial superiority'.
classical form as something that derives exclusively from a postmodernist sensibility, in other words, Rushdie would have us believe that his choice of fictional form derives principally from his desire to negotiate a concept of nationhood and national identity that is diverse, disseminatory and does not ‘add up’ to a single story of a single people or a single tradition.
Rushdie’s concern, in Midnight’s Children , to fictionalise an experience of recent Indianhistory suggests that his novel might potentially be considered as a form of
regarding the Aryan provided a means whereby Indianhistory could be used to create a fresh historical tradition that expressed specifically European political and ideological interests. What Europeans sought in India was not Indo-European religion, but a reassessment of Judaeo-Christianity.
India, What Can It Teach Us?
This question, adopted by Max Müller as the title of a collection of essays, addresses the fundamental concern of this chapter, namely, that a fictive India and fictional Aryan ancestors were constructed in the West
to ascertain if the backgrounds of Irish public servants
in Punjab, and also that of Irish viceroys in dealing with Punjab
affairs, engendered attitudes which were so different, and so
particular to them, that their consequent actions influenced Punjab
and Indianhistory in specific ways which might not otherwise have
occurred. It is not argued that all of the Irish who
history in South
Asia, but also with the much larger literature on modern South Asian
While dealing with these themes, this book has chosen to
examine a rather long period of Indianhistory. This has allowed us to
look closely at a number of changes that occurred over nearly a century
and a half. Overall, the early colonial period has been covered less
the nineteenth and early
twentieth centuries; German history; the history of the British Empire
in India; and Indianhistory.
Before placing them into these contexts, a recap of their
specific characteristics will assist in this contextualisation. This
volume has argued that the Germans in India constituted an elite
minority, as indicated by their education and their occupations. They
Britain. Guha’s analysis, which comes as a timely warning against
de-historicised versions of the impact of ‘colonial
discourse’ that erase the specific dynamics of colonial Indianhistory, explains the exercise of power in colonial India as
‘dominance without hegemony.’ 8 Guha demonstrates that the
colonial authorities’ ultimate recourse to the coercive mechanisms
of the colonial state, backed by the
while small in the sum total of recent Indianhistory, must some
day take its rightful place in the annals of the two nations. 7
This study aims to contribute to
The book examines the relationship between Indian and Irish
nationalists in the period between 1919 and the late 1940s, and
culminates in documenting the establishment of