This book looks at India in the context of a globalized world. It starts by looking at the history of Indian civilization, exploring the roots of Indian identity and highlighting processes such as foreign invasions, foreign trade, cultural imperialism, colonial rule and the growth of Indian nationalism. The founding fathers wanted India to be a liberal democracy and the values enshrined in the constitution were expected to form the basis of a society more in tune with the modern world. The book examines the gradual democratization of Indian politics. Cultural and ethnic divisions in Indian society are examined in depth, as are the problems that have prevented economic development and stood in the way of economic liberalization. The history of India's integration into the global economy is considered, and the opportunities available to the country in the early years of the twenty-first century are detailed. Alternative approaches to the development of the country, such as those put forward by Gandhi, are discussed, and the final chapters consider the Indian government's perception of the Indian diaspora, as well as the changing priorities reflected in India's foreign policy since 1947.
and a self-conscious West Indianidentity.
If Barbados, as a colonial state,
were to be viable, it required a society to stabilise it and art and
culture to provide its moral compass. The British Council, in its
submission to the West India Royal Commission, provided its own twist to
what, in its view, had caused the riots and what solutions could be put
This book is a study of mobility, image and identity in colonial India and imperial Britain in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It is a model for studies of migrant figures like K.S. Ranjitsinhji who emerged during the imperial period. Ranjitsinhji is an important figure in the history of modern India and the British empire because he was recognized as a great athlete and described as such. The book focuses on four aspects of Ranjitsinhji's life as a colonial subject: race, money, loyalty and gender. It touches upon Ranjitsinhji's career as a cricketer in the race section. The issue of money gave Indian critics of Ranjitsinhji's regime the language they needed to condemn his personal and administrative priorities, and to portray him as self-indulgent. Ranjitsinhji lived his life as a player of multiple gender roles: sometimes serially, and on occasion simultaneously. His status as a "prince" - while not entirely fake - was fragile enough to be unreliable, and he worked hard to reinforce it even as he constructed his Englishness. Any Indian attempt to transcend race, culture, climate and political place by imitating an English institution and its product must be an unnatural act of insurgency. The disdain for colonial politics that was manifest in the "small rebellions" at the end of the world war converged with the colonized/Indian identity that was evident at the League of Nations. Between the war and his death, it is clear, Ranjitsinhji moved to maximize his autonomy in Nawanagar.
This chapter focuses on the history of India. It explores the roots of Indian identity and discusses how the Indian civilisation was influenced by various processes such as foreign invasions, foreign trade and cultural imperialism. This chapter suggests that these processes have forged links between Indian and other societies and explains that these links are being emphasized by both the Indian government and the media in this age of globalisation.
In Australia, Aotearoa New Zealand, Canada and South Africa indigenous peoples were displaced, marginalised and sometimes subjected to attempted genocide through the colonial process. This book is a collection of essays that focuses on the ways the long history of contact between indigenous peoples and the heterogeneous white colonial communities has been obscured, narrated and embodied in public culture. The essays and artwork in this book insist that an understanding of the political and cultural institutions and practices which shaped settler-colonial societies in the past can provide important insights into how this legacy of unequal rights can be contested in the present. The essays in the first part of the book focus on colonial administrative structures and their intersection with the emergence of settler civil society in terms of welfare policy, regional colonial administration, and labour unions. The second section focuses on the struggles over the representation of national histories through the analyses of key cultural institutions and monuments, both historically and in terms of contemporary strategies. The third section provides comparative instances of historical and contemporary challenges to the colonial legacy from indigenous and migrant communities. The final section of the book explores some of the different voices and strategies for articulating the complexities of lived experience in transforming societies with a history of settler colonialism.
For C. L. R. James West Indianidentity was something to be celebrated, associated as it was for him,
with the whole of the Caribbean, from Cuba and Haiti to Martinique,
Trinidad and Jamaica. 1
Its distinctive character he saw as intimately linked to its
particularly modern history, with the plantation at the centre of a
global capitalist system linking slavery with
De-scribing Imperial identity from alien to migrant
characteristics were, unsurprisingly,
defined and intensified by perceived differences from an Indianidentity.
Yet, Indian otherness in relation to a fully formed English national
identity was, up until recent reconsiderations in Indo-Anglian fiction,
described in terms of rootlessness, fragmentation and alienation. Which
is to say that under the Raj the English were partly comforted in their
psychical and physical alienation by metaphysical assertions on the
historical and national homelessness of Indians. A common opinion has
also been that, post-Independence, the British
subcontinent, and when Jawaharlal Nehru, as head of the transitional Indian
government projected himself as global leader of a resurgent ‘Asianism’ and
anti-colonialism, the 1947 visit posed unsettling questions about South
African Indianidentity, senses of belonging, and loyalty. 9
South Asian loyalism and imperial monarchy in South
After months of anxiety about the possibilities of an
led to the growth of national consciousness. As Bose and Jalal assert, ‘anticolonialism can be seen now to have been a much more variegated phenomenon
than simply the articulate dissent of educated urban groups imbued with western
concepts of liberalism and nationalism’ (Bose and Jalal, 1998: 107). Nevertheless,
underlying the nationalist movement was an Indianidentity that had taken shape
faced with colonial rule and exploitation. It formed the basis of a national
identity. The British Indian state introduced territorial borders that coincided
with the boundaries
efforts to qualify his acquired Englishness, as well as his strenuous pursuit of an Indianidentity. Ramachandra Guha, like Rodrigues, sees him as an “arch-loyalist who cared
little for the political aspirations of the ordinary Indian,” a judgment that does not
account for the layered and contextual nature of Ranjitsinhji’s political
allegiances. 15 Ashis Nandy’s more
ambitious presentation of Ranjitsinhji is weakened by serious problems, the most basic of
which is a near-total absence of research. Nandy