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Author: Alannah Tomkins

Victorian medical men could suffer numerous setbacks on their individual paths to professionalisation, and Thomas Elkanah Hoyle's career offers a telling exemplar. This book addresses a range of the financial, professional, and personal challenges that faced and sometimes defeated the aspiring medical men of England and Wales. Spanning the decades 1780-1890, from the publication of the first medical directory to the second Medical Registration Act, it considers their careers in England and Wales, and in the Indian Medical Service. The book questions the existing picture of broad and rising medical prosperity across the nineteenth century to consider the men who did not keep up with professionalising trends. Financial difficulty was widespread in medical practice, and while there are only a few who underwent bankruptcy or insolvency identified among medical suicides, the fear of financial failure could prove a powerful motive for self-destruction. The book unpicks the life stories of men such as Henry Edwards, who could not sustain a professional persona of disinterested expertise. In doing so it uncovers the trials of the medical marketplace and the pressures of medical masculinity. The book also considers charges against practitioners that entailed their neglect, incompetence or questionable practice which occasioned a threat to patients' lives. The occurrence and reporting of violent crime by medical men, specifically serious sexual assault and murder is also discussed. A tiny proportion of medical practitioners also experienced life as a patient in an asylum.

The Irish in Punjab, 1881–1921

The British empire was actually an amalgam of Irish, Scottish, Welsh and English empires. Punjab, 'the pride of British India', attracted the cream of the Indian Civil Service (ICS), many of the most influential of whom were Irish. Some of these men, along with Irish viceroys, were inspired by their Irish backgrounds to ensure security of tenure for the Punjabi peasant, besides developing vast irrigation schemes which resulted in the province becoming India's most affluent. This book aims to ascertain whether backgrounds of Irish public servants in Punjab, and that of Irish viceroys in dealing with Punjab affairs, engendered attitudes which were so different. The nub of the matter is whether an Irish background influenced public servants in their duties, whether or not they thought themselves primarily as British or Irish. The first part of the book deals with three Indian public services: the ICS, the Indian Medical Service (IMS) and the Indian Public Works Department (PWD). The social, religious, ethnic and educational backgrounds of Irish recruits these services and the reasons behind the remarkable increase in Irish recruitment are then discussed. British and Irish public servants influenced domestic Indian politics, especially in the admission of Indians to the very services dominated by the British. Perhaps the long-term but impermanent commitment of Irish people to the furtherance of British colonial aims merits a more apt designation, one perhaps less pejorative than 'collaborator'. Twentieth-century contemporaries made connections between north-west India and Northern Ireland by dubbing Punjab the 'Ulster of India'.

Narratives of the Indian Medical Service
Alannah Tomkins

2 Thwarted ambition and disappointing careers? Narratives of the Indian Medical Service Those not able to find a remunerative position in Britain might forestall bankruptcy or other forms of severe career disruption by seeking service overseas. The British Empire opened up a variety of locations and roles to men willing to travel, but India offered more posts and potentially higher rewards than other options. Appointment to the Indian Medical Service (IMS) has been construed as instrumental in making individual fortunes or reputations, and in advancing medical

in Medical misadventure in an age of professionalisation, 1780–1890
Patrick O’Leary

and its primary loyalty to Westminster could not but mar its effectiveness. The Indian Medical Service In 1763 medical professionals in the employ of the East India Company in Bengal were organised into the Bengal Medical Service. The presidencies of Bombay and Madras soon followed with the establishment of similar

in Servants of the empire
Abstract only
The scattered Irish
Patrick O’Leary

had changed the shape of India in terms of culture, economy and environment’. 26 Doctors of the Indian Medical Service had a profound impact on the lives of Indian people through their research into and treatment of tropical diseases. 27 The careers of Irishmen in these professions are, then, worth a chapter here. These other Irish, as will be seen, had similar social and

in Servants of the empire
India, 1896–1918
I.J. Catanach

, the most recent pandemic) of the flea: the flea which bites humans after deserting a plague-infested rat or other rodent. Early in 1897 a number of Bombay’s leading allopathic practitioners, European and Indian, were brought to endorse a statement drawn up by Surgeon-General James Cleghorn, Director-General of the Indian Medical Service (I.M.S.), which asserted that plague was ‘only slightly

in Imperial medicine and indigenous societies
Abstract only
Patrick O’Leary

these early years, the effects of which were still felt, as will be seen, well into the 1880s and beyond. Indian Medical Service Irish recruits to the IMS accounted for as much as 38 per cent of new entrants in the 1870s, 41 and many of these worked in Punjab until the 1890s and beyond. 42 According to Michael Holmes, the proportion of Irish in

in Servants of the empire
Sam Illingworth

hobby. What is perhaps more unexpected is that Ross’s father was also unimpressed with his son’s second choice of career: enlistment in either the army or the navy. Perhaps he simply didn’t want his son to suffer the same alienation from family life that he had no doubt experienced during his time in the army. 17 Ross’s father thought that a more admirable and suitable profession for his son would be to become a doctor in the Indian Medical Service. And so, in 1874, shortly before returning to India, he contacted Norman Moore, the Warden of the College at St

in A sonnet to science
Medicine and the knowledge economy in Asia
Andrew Mackillop

EIC assistant surgeon already serving in Bengal. 32 Table 5.1 Educational backgrounds, EIC surgeons, 1764–1800 Bengal Madras Bombay Total = 418 Corp. of Surgeons = 135 Edinburgh = 22 Aberdeen = 11 Glasgow = 1 St Andrews = 4 TCD = 0 Total = 324 Corp. of Surgeons = 125 Edinburgh = 12 Aberdeen = 11 Glasgow = 1 St Andrews = 1 TCD = 0 Total = 193 Corp. of Surgeons = 65 Edinburgh = 13 Aberdeen = 8 Glasgow = 0 St Andrews = 3 TCD = 0 (Source: D. G. Crawford, Roll of the Indian Medical Service

in Human capital and empire
Abstract only
Michael D. Leigh

were not a problem. They were packed off to expensive boarding schools in England, surreptitiously placed in mission schools in Upper Burma or disowned by their fathers and left to run around as urchins. There is a tantalising glimpse of one Eurasian boy called William Sellick in Mandalay. At Wesley Boys High School he became ‘a leader of the young Christians’. In 1913, aged twenty-one, he became a candidate for the Wesleyan ministry. 16 His father, a major in the Indian Medical Service, was a brilliant and charming

in Conflict, politics and proselytism