This book is a collection of essays on Rudyard Kipling and brings historical, literary critical and postcolonial approaches to this perennially controversial writer. The first and fairest thing to say about Kipling is that he has borne a brilliant part in recovering the lost provinces of poetry. Kipling's morality is the morality of someone who has to prove that God is not responsible for part of the world, and that the Devil is. Kipling's imperialist opinions became more strident after the Boer War he lost the esteem of British literary intellectuals, whom he in turn despised. The book addresses Kipling's approach to the Boer war, his involvement with World War One, his Englishness and the politics of literary quotation. It demonstrates the effects of a Kipling-conditioned world on Edward Thomas, Ivor Gurney and David Jones. The book focuses on Kipling's collection of stories and accompanying poems, Actions and Reactions, which was published in October 1909. It also probes the historical subtext of the children's fable Rikki-Tikki-Tavi and Indian history, Kipling's search for God, and his longest Indian experience of footloose travel in the Native states of North India. Stalky & Co is the text of Kipling's which features the largest number of quotations. Kipling's notion of the ideally masculine 'army man' in relation to contemporary late Victorian discourses and practices of same-sex passion is analyzed. The book also addresses Kipling's views on the question of fascism, anti-Semitism and the 'doctrine of racial superiority'.
context of the Garo–Khasi tension in Meghalaya’,
in Lazar Jayseelan (ed.), Conflict Mapping and Peace Processes in North
East India (Guwahati: North Eastern Social Research Centre, 2008).
Sen, A., Development as Freedom (1st edn) (New York: Oxford University
Sen, A., The Argumentative Indian: Writings on Indian History, Culture and
Identity (London: Penguin, 2005).
Sharp, G., Gandhi as a Political Strategist (Boston, MA: Porter Sargent, 1979).
Shillong Times, ‘Chavan’s appeal for restoring amity’, 3 November 1979.
Srikanth, H. ‘Prospects of liberal
Welsh Presbyterianism in Sylhet, Eastern Bengal, 1860–1940
the underdog’. See A. Sen, The
Argumentative Indian. Writings on Indian History, Culture and
Identity (London, 2005), p. 37.
Anon. ‘A Short account of the Mission
Work in Sylhet from its commencement in 1849’, 2 vols. No
author, but written in Sylhet on the jubilee of the Sylhet mission
of India as has Kipling. From his
sketches of high Anglo-Indian officials at play in the hill stations to
his tales of rough-and-tumble bazaar life, Kipling offered his readers a
vivid panorama of everyday life in a land most of them had never seen.
Although his earliest Indianwritings were intended primarily as light
for an Anglo-Indian audience, he soon became the single most
. Proctor (ed.),
Autobiography of C. Lowes Dickinson, London, 1973, pp.
178-9; Forster, The Hill of Devi, and other IndianWritings.
Furbank argues (II, pp. 35-51) that a visit to Egypt in 1917-19 made
Forster sexually ‘more active’; however, I incline to
think that the way for this was at least strongly prepared by his
encounters with Searight. Maurice was begun shortly
on Kipling’s Indianwritings, probes the historical subtext of this much-loved
children’s fable about the mongoose and ‘the great war which [he] fought
single-handed’.36 Like the other stories in the Jungle Books, ‘Rikki-Tikki-Tavi’
is an animal fable which is also a realist story, which allows Kipling both to
imagine a non-human world in detail and depth, and to dramatise human
moral and political types (as he would do more explicitly in the later adult
fables of corruption and reform ‘Below the Mill Dam’ and ‘The Mother Hive’).
home, with no previous experience of
India, the effort needed to adjust to an alien climate and
way of life was much greater. 49
Although memsahibs (and their husbands) came in many
varieties, Anglo-Indianwritings reveal a broad consensus on the
type of woman most likely to succeed as the wife of an ambitious
argument that Orientalism did not simply impose a colonialist discourse upon India by
facilitating the British administration but that it also partially fostered Indian
nationalism by helping to ‘liberate’ its writings from Brahmanical control,
might appear too simplistic. Indian nationalism, as has been shown, was indeed a derivative
discourse. It is debatable whether Orientalist writing actually weakened Brahmanical
traditions thereby liberating Indianwritings from it, or rather strengthened those
E. M. Forster, Hill of Devi, and Other IndianWritings, Abinger edn, ed. E. Heine, London, 1983,
‘Kanaya’, p. 323.
R. Trumbach, London’s sodomites:
homosexual behaviour and western culture in the eighteenth
century’, Journal of Social History, XI, 1977, pp
, Kenneth R. (1977). John Collier’s Crusade for Indian Reform, 1920–1954, Tucson, AZ:
University of Arizona Press
Powell, John W. (1893). ‘Are our Indians becoming extinct?’, Forum 15, 343–54, 346, 348,
Prucha, Francis Paul (1973). Americanizing the American Indians:Writings by the ‘Friends of the Indian’,
1880–1900, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Rubenstein, A ., Boyle, J., Odoroff, C. and Kunitz, S. J. (1969). ‘Effects of improved sanitary
facilities on infant diarrhoea in a Hopi Village’, Public Health Reports 84(12): 1093–7
Shelton, Brett Lee (2001