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Crisis, reform and recovery

Indonesia: crisis, reform and recovery 3 Indonesia: crisis, reform and recovery In Indonesia, state-owned banking gave way to a system where anyone with $1 million or so could open a bank (Little 1997, 10). In mid-1998, a World Bank study (1998) grimly noted that “Indonesia is in deep economic crisis. A country that achieved decades of rapid growth, stability, and poverty reduction is now near economic collapse . . . no country in recent history, let alone one the size of Indonesia, has ever suffered such a dramatic reversal of fortune.” There is bitter irony

in The Asian financial crisis

This review of Amelia Fauzia’s Faith and the State: A history of Islamic philanthropy in Indonesia (Brill, 2013) was originally published in the Asian Journal of Social Science 42: 1–2 (2014), 165–7. An angle for comparative historical research is proposed here. To what extent did Christian institutions affect the

in Islamic charities and Islamic humanism in troubled times

Engineering the human soul in 1950s Indonesia and Singapore Simon Soon In 1951 the Chinese artist Luo Gongliu painted Mao Zedong Making a Report on the Rectification in Yan’an for the newly established Museum of the Chinese Revolution.1 The artwork shows the Great Helmsman of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) speaking to an attentive crowd of the CCP cadres from a rostrum on a dais located on the left side of the painting. The venue for the occasion is presumably the Lu Xun Academy of Literature and Art in Yan’an. Behind Mao are hung two large portraits, one of

in Art, Global Maoism and the Chinese Cultural Revolution

all they needed reliable and trustworthy soldiers, who were unconditionally loyal. The manpower issue remained a constant problem for the directors of the VOC, becoming even worse during the nineteenth-century conquest of the Archipelago by the colonial army. 2 The problem could be solved after 1890 only by a renewed influx of Indonesian soldiers, who were simultaneously given a more prominent role in the fighting. And

in Guardians of empire
Monarchy and visual culture in colonial Indonesia

Photographic subjects examines photography at royal celebrations during the reigns of Wilhelmina (1898–1948) and Juliana (1948–80), a period spanning the zenith and fall of Dutch rule in Indonesia. It is the first monograph in English on the Dutch monarchy and the Netherlands’ modern empire in the age of mass and amateur photography.

This book reveals how Europeans and Indigenous people used photographs taken at Queen’s Day celebrations to indicate the ritual uses of portraits of Wilhelmina and Juliana in the colonies. Such photographs were also objects of exchange across imperial networks. Photograph albums were sent as gifts by Indigenous royals in ‘snapshot diplomacy’ with the Dutch monarchy. Ordinary Indonesians sent photographs to Dutch royals in a bid for recognition and subjecthood. Professional and amateur photographers associated the Dutch queens with colonial modernity and with modes of governing difference across an empire of discontiguous territory and ethnically diverse people. The gendered and racial dimensions of Wilhelmina’s and Juliana’s engagement with their subjects emerge uniquely in photographs, which show these two women as female kings who related to their Dutch and Indigenous subjects in different visual registers.

Photographic subjects advances methods in the use of photographs for social and cultural history, reveals the entanglement of Dutch and Indonesian histories in the twentieth century, and provides a new interpretation of Wilhelmina and Juliana as imperial monarchs. The book is essential for scholars and students of colonial history, South-east Asian and Indonesian studies, and photography and visual studies.

becoming queen. Van Baal was now Juliana's only representative, a lone governor on half an island. Further, ‘Dutch’ New Guinea was a disputed territory, the cause of diplomatic and even military tensions between the Netherlands and Indonesia over who should control the western part of the island. 7 Migration lobbyists were influential among the voices pressuring the Dutch parliament to insist on control of New Guinea in order to secure a ‘homeland’ for Indo-Europeans. This notion

in Photographic subjects
Security and insecurity in Indonesian Aceh and Papua

S INCE THE END OF the Suharto regime in 1998, the ‘outlying’ provinces of Aceh and Papua have caused great concern to Indonesia’s national security planners. Both have been sites of substantial secessionist activity and considerable violence between Indonesian security forces and supporters of independence. Thousands of people have lost their

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
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Royal Indonesian visits to the Dutch court in the early twentieth century

the baser human passions, and was thus a favoured entertainment for Javanese royalty. 2 At celebrations for the Dutch monarchy in the Netherlands East Indies (colonial Indonesia), such courtly dances were frequent at the gala performances sponsored by Dutch officials and Javanese aristocrats during the festivities they were obliged to host. 3 However, the December 1936 performance was the first of its kind at a Dutch court

in Royals on tour
Indonesian perceptions of power relationships with the Dutch

institute a long history of links between Indonesia’s sultanates, the Dutch Republic and its successor, the Kingdom of the Netherlands. All human encounters are two-way. In the historiography of Europe’s colonies in Asia and in Africa the European side of this cross-cultural encounter has received most attention. This perspective gives us European history, for it presents colonies as chapters in the

in Crowns and colonies
Crisis, reform and recovery

The Asian financial crisis of 1997-98 shook the foundations of the global economy and what began as a localised currency crisis soon engulfed the entire Asian region. This book explores what went wrong and how did the Asian economies long considered 'miracles' respond, among other things. The combined effects of growing unemployment, rising inflation, and the absence of a meaningful social safety-net system, pushed large numbers of displaced workers and their families into poverty. Resolving Thailand's notorious non-performing loans problem will depend on the fortunes of the country's real economy, and on the success of Thai Asset Management Corporation (TAMC). Under International Monetary Fund's (IMF) oversight, the Indonesian government has also taken steps to deal with the massive debt problem. After Indonesian Debt Restructuring Agency's (INDRA) failure, the Indonesian government passed the Company Bankruptcy and Debt Restructuring and/or Rehabilitation Act to facilitate reorganization of illiquid, but financially viable companies. Economic reforms in Korea were started by Kim Dae-Jung. the partial convertibility of the Renminbi (RMB), not being heavy burdened with short-term debt liabilities, and rapid foreign trade explains China's remarkable immunity to the "Asian flu". The proposed sovereign debt restructuring mechanism (SDRM) (modeled on corporate bankruptcy law) would allow countries to seek legal protection from creditors that stand in the way of restructuring, and in exchange debtors would have to negotiate with their creditors in good faith.