Indonesia: crisis, reform and recovery
crisis, reform and recovery
In Indonesia, state-owned banking gave way to a system where anyone with
$1 million or so could open a bank (Little 1997, 10).
In mid-1998, a World Bank study (1998) grimly noted that “Indonesia is in
deep economic crisis. A country that achieved decades of rapid growth,
stability, and poverty reduction is now near economic collapse . . . no country in recent history, let alone one the size of Indonesia, has ever suffered
such a dramatic reversal of fortune.” There is bitter irony
This volume’s title, Monarchies and Decolonisation in Asia , appears to suggest a linear progression in the histories of colonies. Yet monarchies existed in Asia prior to colonial rule, and in many places they continued to exist under colonialism. Decolonisation in Indonesia, for instance, has proved to be a rejection of both indigenous and colonial forms of rule. The colony known as the Netherlands East Indies ended up as the Republic of Indonesia in 1945, 1 and yet it is worth noting that the larger, colonial-era political organisations of the 1930s
This review of Amelia
Fauzia’s Faith and the State: A history of Islamic
philanthropy in Indonesia (Brill, 2013) was originally
published in the Asian Journal of Social Science 42:
1–2 (2014), 165–7.
An angle for comparative historical research is
proposed here. To what extent did Christian institutions affect the
The commercial and religious links between the Middle East and Indian Ocean routes to Southeast Asia stretch back centuries. Arab merchants set sail with rosewater, madder (a herb), indigo, raisins, silver and seed-pearls.
They came mainly from Hadramaut (comprising most of present-day Yemen), introduced Islam to the wider region including Nusantara (modern-day Indonesia) and Malaya (modern-day Malaysia). In both cases there has been some mixing between Islam
The 9/11 attacks marked the
return of the securitization of aid. After 9/11 donors began to
discuss concerns about “security spill-overs” and the
risks of developing countries becoming safe havens for terrorist
(Brown & Gravingholt, 2016 : 1). Foreign
donors’ focus on Indonesia progressed rapidly as the US
Engineering the human soul in 1950s
Indonesia and Singapore
In 1951 the Chinese artist Luo Gongliu painted Mao Zedong Making a Report
on the Rectification in Yan’an for the newly established Museum of the Chinese
Revolution.1 The artwork shows the Great Helmsman of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) speaking to an attentive crowd of the CCP cadres from
a rostrum on a dais located on the left side of the painting. The venue for the
occasion is presumably the Lu Xun Academy of Literature and Art in Yan’an.
Behind Mao are hung two large portraits, one of
all they needed reliable and trustworthy soldiers, who were
unconditionally loyal. The manpower issue remained a constant problem
for the directors of the VOC, becoming even worse during the
nineteenth-century conquest of the Archipelago by the colonial army. 2 The problem could
be solved after 1890 only by a renewed influx of Indonesian soldiers,
who were simultaneously given a more prominent role in the fighting. And
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
across Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore ( Koplitz et al. , 2016 ). The excess all-cause mortality
due to short-term exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) polluting the air was
estimated at 11,880 deaths (95 per cent CI, 6,153–17,270) ( Crippa et al. , 2016 ).
Local NGOs and multilateral agencies based in Indonesia responding to people
suffering the choking haze had little knowledge, understanding or guidance of how to
reduce the impact for the community in need.
A Framework for Measuring Effectiveness in Humanitarian Response
time-sensitive, common goal (saving lives, particularly in the crucial first days after a disaster) ( Forestier et al. , 2016 ). However, that does not mean that there are no challenges to civil–military coordination, not least when a large number of actors respond. An example of this is the 2008 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami in Aceh, Indonesia, to which a reported 14 UN agencies, 16 foreign militaries and 195 foreign humanitarian organisations were involved in humanitarian assistance ( Wiharta et al. , 2008 ). However, challenges in disaster responses are
A Response to the Journal of Humanitarian Affairs Special Issue on Innovation in Humanitarian Action (JHA, 1:3)
, 2019 ). At the time of writing in 2019, we are working with ADRRN through Country Focal Points in the Philippines, India and, shortly, Indonesia to support a more bottom-up approach. Other global actors, including the Response Innovation Labs (RIL) – aiming to support ‘in-country innovation’ in the ‘Global South’ in order to tackle humanitarian innovation’s ‘burden of distant engagement’ – and the Start Network’s DEPP Labs have been actively involved in bringing together the localisation and humanitarian innovation agendas through in-country partners and gaining