The anatomy of an insurgency
The world is nothing more than a market, an immense fairground. (Jules Verne, Paris
in the Twentieth Century)
Making of an insurgent
Walter Wriston was nothing like a typical 1940s banker. In that decade, bankers
were easy-going, faithfully following the ‘3–6–3 rule’: paying 3 per cent interest on deposits, lending money at 6 per cent, and teeing off at the golf course by
3 p.m. By contrast, Wriston was never going to settle for a comfortable, albeit
dull, career. His natural inclination was to overturn the existing order, and his
. While he
refused to concede the essential inferiority that accompanied the status of the colonial
subject, he shrank also from the provinciality of the independent nation-state. The loyal
subject of the empire thus lived in a permanent state of insurgency.
Ambivalent political affiliations were ubiquitous and perhaps inevitable in
an era when English-educated Indians became increasingly radicalized in their attitudes
towards British rule. Partha Chatterjee has suggested that in the decades before
-organised police forces, in certain circumstances, to exercise
credible police functions in the face of substantial popular
indifference, or even disaffection or hostility. Insurgency, or
systematic political violence, imposes the severest strain on any police
force, but it cannot be a foregone conclusion that an insurgent
movement, once established, will undermine and overcome the civil
police, or necessarily
Though rarely stated so bluntly, relief to Christians
became a practical expression of support for the Balkan insurgents,
or at the very least a show of solidarity with the
‘oppressed’. Many such agencies proclaimed strict
impartiality in the provision of relief – and congratulated
themselves on a magnanimity
The authors investigate the timing of insurgents’ use of terrorism within the context of wider-scale warfare. Unlike the great wars found in modern history, the dominant form of warfare in recent years has become internal. The main actors are non-state groups seeking to replace an existing political order through violent means. Terrorism, especially indiscriminate attacks on unarmed civilians, has been an important component of these groups’ tactical repertoires. The purpose of this study is to explore variations in the timing of insurgents’ use of terrorism within the context of war. The authors draw on the largely separate literatures on terrorism and warfare as well as complementary sources of data on terrorist events, insurgent groups, and various forms of armed conflict. The product of this analysis is a mapping of the frequencies of terrorist attacks over time and the identification of these attacks as occurring during the beginning, middle, or ending stages of wider-scale warfare. This is followed by in-depth discussions of the insurgent groups whose use of terrorism matches each of these patterns as well as the contexts within which these groups operate. Readers of this book will include students, scholars, policy-makers, members of the military, and the general public.
Still and moving images are crucial factors in contemporary political conflicts. They not only have representational, expressive or illustrative functions, but also augment and create significant events. Beyond altering states of mind, they affect bodies, and often life or death is at stake. Various forms of image operations are currently performed in the contexts of war, insurgency and activism. Photographs, videos, interactive simulations and other kinds of images steer drones to their targets, train soldiers, terrorise the public, celebrate protest icons, uncover injustices, or call for help. They are often parts of complex agential networks and move across different media and cultural environments. This book is a pioneering interdisciplinary study of the role and function of images in political life. Balancing theoretical reflections with in-depth case studies, it brings together renowned scholars and activists from different fields to offer a multifaceted critical perspective on a crucial aspect of contemporary visual culture.
This book is a study of mobility, image and identity in colonial India and imperial Britain in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It is a model for studies of migrant figures like K.S. Ranjitsinhji who emerged during the imperial period. Ranjitsinhji is an important figure in the history of modern India and the British empire because he was recognized as a great athlete and described as such. The book focuses on four aspects of Ranjitsinhji's life as a colonial subject: race, money, loyalty and gender. It touches upon Ranjitsinhji's career as a cricketer in the race section. The issue of money gave Indian critics of Ranjitsinhji's regime the language they needed to condemn his personal and administrative priorities, and to portray him as self-indulgent. Ranjitsinhji lived his life as a player of multiple gender roles: sometimes serially, and on occasion simultaneously. His status as a "prince" - while not entirely fake - was fragile enough to be unreliable, and he worked hard to reinforce it even as he constructed his Englishness. Any Indian attempt to transcend race, culture, climate and political place by imitating an English institution and its product must be an unnatural act of insurgency. The disdain for colonial politics that was manifest in the "small rebellions" at the end of the world war converged with the colonized/Indian identity that was evident at the League of Nations. Between the war and his death, it is clear, Ranjitsinhji moved to maximize his autonomy in Nawanagar.
humanitarian independence is not a complete fiction either. An accurate portrait is drawn
in Humanitarian Negotiations Revealed , a book published by MSF-CRASH some years
ago. Its authors argued that relief groups could be thought of as ‘unreliable
friends’, constantly bargaining with donors (not to mention governments and insurgent
groups in the countries in which they do their work). An important problem relief agencies face
today, which is almost certain to grow worse in the coming decade, is that their success in
negotiations can be in vain if donors
A Framework for Measuring Effectiveness in Humanitarian Response
Vincenzo Bollettino and Birthe Anders
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