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Anthropology, European imperialism, and the politics of knowledge

Many questions present themselves when considering the historical relationship between anthropology and empire following the Scramble for Africa. These include the extent of imperial fortunes in Africa, rising and falling with officials' knowledge of the people under their jurisdiction. This book looks at the institutional frameworks of anthropology, and shows that the colonial project to order Africa, intellectually and politically, was a messy and not-so comprehensive endeavor. It first considers the roles of metropolitan researchers and institutes such as the colonial ethnographers active in French West Africa, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft in Berlin, and the British-based International Institute of African Languages and Cultures. The book deals with the role of African ethnograpghers for their study on African teaching assistants and schoolmasters-cum-ethnographers, and the study of Jomo Kenyatta's journey to produce Facing Mount Kenya. Swiss missionaries undertook discovery and domestication first on European soil before it was transferred to African soils and societies. Primordial imagination at work in equatorial Africa is discussed through an analysis of Fang ethnographies, and the infertility scares among Mongo in the Belgian Congo is contrasted with the Nzakara in the French Congo. Once colonial rule had been imposed, administrators and imperial managers were often forced to consider those judicial and social rules that had governed Africans' lives and had predated colonialism. Studies of Italian Northeast Africa, the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and French West Africa reveal the uneven ways in which ethnographic knowledge was pursued and applied in this respect.

The International Institute of African Languages and Cultures between the wars
Benoît de L’Estoile

integrated in the international frame of the Institute. (Professor De Jonghe 1933) 1 In June 1926 an international conference in London officially founded the International Institute of African Languages and Cultures (IIALC). 2 Its chairman was British (the colonial pundit Lord Lugard), while its two directors, Maurice Delafosse and

in Ordering Africa
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Anthropologising Aborigines
Ben Silverstein

Essay on the Anthropology of Changing African Cultures’, in Bronislaw Malinowski et al., Methods of Study of Culture Contact in Africa (London: International Institute of African Languages and Cultures, 1938), pp. x, xii–xiii; original emphasis. See also, e.g., Bronislaw Malinowski, ‘Native Education and Culture Contact’, International Review of Missions , 25 (1936). 14 James C. Scott, Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to

in Governing natives
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Africa, imperialism, and anthropology
Helen Tilley

produce proposals for ethnographic research in Africa even after it lost its colonies, and why their expertise was still so sought after in collaborative ventures such as the British-based International Institute of African Languages and Cultures (IIALC/IAI). 42 From their earliest days in Africa, the Germans undertook a form of ‘scientific colonial management’ in an effort not to be outdone by the other imperial

in Ordering Africa
Chloe Campbell

these reasons, it was seen as better for the suggestions to be passed on to a non-governmental institution such as the International Institute of African Languages and Cultures. Sequeira’s and Gilks’ activities in 1932 seem to have petered out without much progress in the form of financial aid, although the support of important British scientists had been obtained. The situation was then left until

in Race and empire
European and African narrative writing of the interwar period
Martina Kopf

manuals on farming, hunting, and the like. In the years to follow the magazine opened its scope to other facets and subjects of colonial life and discourse, reporting on the activities of the International Institute of African Languages and Cultures, and on issues of colonial administration such as ‘native education’, or printing lectures of anthropologists and historians on East

in Developing Africa
Christopher Prior

visible interwar anthropologists was Diedrich Westermann, Director of the International Institute of African Languages and Culture. Westermann spoke warmly of the efforts of the British in Africa. 63 He had no commitment to a primitivism that stood in the way of administrative efficiency. Westermann was the great linguistic standardiser of the interwar period. Looking at the Gold Coast, Westermann advocated the merging of the two

in Exporting empire
People, organisations and aims
John Carter Wood

Institute of African Languages and Cultures. Oldham’s focus shifted decisively to Europe in the 1930s. Russian Communism and Italian Fascism had long caused concern; however, the Great Depression, development of Stalinism, rise of the Nazis and apparent weakness of the democracies brought the issues of freedom, secularity and the social order to the top of his agenda. In 1934, he became chair of Life and Work’s ‘Research Committee’. Increasingly convinced of the need for Christian responses to what seemed a terminal western crisis, Oldham

in This is your hour
Gary Wilder

: Henri Labouret, 1934. 47 Labouret participated in scholarly associations such as the International Institute of Ethnography, the International Colonial Institute, and the International Institute of African Languages and Cultures (L’Estoile, this volume). On the Institute and its concern with applied

in Ordering Africa