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Policy rethinking in opposition
William Brown

Labour’s Africa policy under the Governments of Tony Blair (1997–2007) and Gordon Brown (2007–10) was remarkable both for its prominence and its ambition. Few UK Governments in recent times have made Africa such a focus of foreign and development policy. Not only did the UK respond actively to crises as they arose, whether in Sierra Leone or Zimbabwe, but the Labour Government came to promote a long-term and high-profile programme of support for African development. Indeed, Labour made so much of the running on international development

in Britain and Africa in the twenty-first century
Danielle Beswick
,
Niheer Dasandi
,
David Hudson
, and
Jennifer vanHeerde-Hudson

appealing to the emotions of pity and guilt is the only way to raise significant amounts of money. In the third section, we challenge this view, through an analysis of a 2017 Oxfam campaign and reporting on new research using survey experiments. We conclude by discussing how this potential to change the narrative fits within the broader shifts in UK–Africa relations since 2010. NGO appeals and UK public perceptions of Africa UK-based NGOs working in the international development sector have for many years worked across

in Britain and Africa in the twenty-first century
Heike Wieters

Agency for International Development (USAID) – in late 1961, the establishment of the Peace Corps as a civic development agency, the establishment of the Food for Peace Office, and finally the declaration of an Alliance for Progress with Latin America created a complex institutional setting that transformed foreign aid into a major US foreign policy tool in a bipolar world. 9 Technical assistance

in The NGO CARE and food aid From America, 1945–80
1980–2000
Dominique Marshall

Introduction One of the goals of the photographers hired by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) during the 1990s and 2000s was to create images for the education of children and youth. For twenty years, CIDA sent these reproductions of images to schools in a multitude of formats, from magazines to videos, slide shows, games, picture books, and maps, produced in collaboration with academic specialists in education and the National Film Board of Canada (NFB). The attention and resources the international agency invested in the dissemination

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
A Belated but Welcome Theory of Change on Mental Health and Development
Laura Davidson

Introduction The UK government’s controversial decision to disband the Department for International Development (DfID) in June 2020 drew widespread condemnation ( UK Government Spending Review, 2020 ). However, two weeks prior to its merger with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, DfID published a new Theory of Change (ToC) on mental health for the international development sector – its last stand as a unitary body ( DfID, 2020 ). Despite the importance of the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Aid Industry and the ‘Me Too’ Movement
Charlotte Lydia Riley

one was asked to apologise, but was allowed to keep his job ( Parker, 2018 ). The woman who had raised these concerns, Amira Malik Miller, had been subsequently working for the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) when she saw Van Hauwermeiren’s name listed as the Oxfam country director in Chad; she had raised concerns both with Oxfam and with SIDA, who were an Oxfam funder, but these had been ignored ( Ratcliffe, 2018 ). Astonishingly, Oxfam, when

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Olivia Umurerwa Rutazibwa

core text for final-year undergraduate students reading International Development Studies and International Relations at the University of Portsmouth. My module on ‘Rethinking Aid and Development’ explores the implications of decolonial engagement with ideas and practices of international solidarity. Students have said: ‘We should be assigned readings like this from year one.’ So I ask the question here: ‘What if we were to start our humanitarian conversation with Sabaratnam?’ Of course, other works have questioned the value of international

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

evaluations which are done are often not available to the public. This result highlighted how a synthesis of existing evaluations may support these organisations to make better-informed decisions. Thereafter, the following steps of identifying evaluation reports from South Sudan were undertaken, which were more informal in nature. Requests for evaluation reports were sent to two mailing lists of development practitioners (Pelican, which is UK-based, and the Canadian Association of International Development Professionals). This process resulted in the sharing of 15 reports

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan
and
Otto Farkas

at that time included the DFAT (Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade) innovation Xchange (AU$140 million), the DFAT Pacific Sports for Development Partnership Innovation Fund (AU$29 million), Elrha’s Humanitarian Innovation Fund (co-sponsored by DFID (Department for International Development), the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs and SIDA) (GB£50,000–150,000 per recipient), the UNICEF Innovation Fund (raised US$9 million), the WFP Cooperating Partners Innovation Fund (US$1 million

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Batman Saves the Congo: How Celebrities Disrupt the Politics of Development
Alexandra Cosima Budabin
and
Lisa Ann Richey

heightened the stakes for representations of ‘helping’ such that communication, image management and even branding have become part of humanitarian interventions. These trends are visible in the pressure to build celebrity strategic partnerships to raise private funds amid the rapidly changing context of international development aid and humanitarianism. The book explores strategic partnerships that Affleck and the ECI formulated with Theo Chocolate, 4 TOMS shoes, 5 and then most

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs