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Breda Gray

3995 Migrations.qxd:text 5/8/13 11:39 Page 55 3 Migrant integration and the ‘network-making power’ of the Irish Catholic Church Breda Gray Introduction In this chapter I discuss the Irish Catholic Church as both a bureaucratic hierarchal institution and transnational network that promotes migrant integration and welfare via ‘network-making power’ (Castells, 2009, 2011). The Catholic Church has always channelled flows of religious values, information and people. However, my focus here is on the network-making power of the Irish Catholic Church in shaping the

in Migrations
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Ireland in a global world
Series: Irish Society

Migration to and from Ireland is often the subject of definitive claims. During the 1980s, migration from Ireland was most commonly described as a brain drain. Despite the constant flows and counterflows, academic studies tend to focus on just one direction of movement, reflecting dominant concerns at particular points in time. The 1950s and the 1980s are characterized as decades of emigration, the Celtic Tiger era as a period of immigration, and the current recession is manifest as a return to mass emigration. This book addresses the three key themes from a variety of spatial, temporal and theoretical perspectives. The theme of networks is addressed. Transnational loyalist networks acted both to facilitate the speaking tours of loyalist speakers and to re-translate the political meanings and messages being communicated by the speakers. The Irish Catholic Church and specifically its re-working of its traditional pastoral, lobbying and development role within Irish emigrant communities, is discussed. By highlighting three key areas such as motives, institutions and strategies, and support infrastructures, the book suggests that the Irish experience offers a nuanced understanding of the different forms of networks that exist between a state and its diaspora, and shows the importance of working to support the self-organization of the diaspora. Perceptions of belonging both pre- and postmigration encouraged ethnographic research in six Direct Provision asylum accommodation centres across Ireland. Finally, the book provides insights into the intersections between 'migrancy' and other social categories including gender, nationality and class/position in the labour hierarchy.

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Catholic imagination, modern Irish writing and the case of John McGahern
Frank Shovlin

19 Secular prayers: Catholic imagination, modern Irish writing and the case of John McGahern Frank Shovlin even now I feel the desperate need of prayer John McGahern, The Leavetaking In 1929 Liam O’Flaherty, the once student-priest, but by then Ireland’s most openly anti-clerical writer, published a scathing attack on the Irish Catholic Church in a short, aggressive book titled A Tourist’s Guide to Ireland. ‘This may seem extraordinary’, he wrote, ‘but it is true that in remote parts of Ireland, usually the parts of interest to tourists, the parish priest has a

in Irish Catholic identities
Lindsay J. Proudfoot and Dianne P. Hall

£730. 32 Management of the financial aid provided by the colonial government provoked fierce disagreements between the Catholic laity and Church hierarchy, particularly in Victoria during Goold’s episcopate, and also in New South Wales at the same period. 33 Goold interpreted these objections as evidence of disloyalty to the (Irish) Catholic Church. Writing to Dean Fitzpatrick while on a visit to Dublin

in Imperial spaces
A tale of two traumas
Brendan Geary

Celtic Tiger and the influence of the Irish Catholic Church had found a similar role in Irish people’s psyches, and that, when these assumptions were experienced as false, the response was similar to people experiencing trauma. The economy John Horgan, in the final paragraph of his biography of Mary Robinson, President of Ireland from 1990 to 1997, wrote: Ireland is no longer the picturesque backwater beloved of Hollywood, or the supplicant with a begging bowl at the door of its richer European neighbours. It is a country where economic growth is increasing at an

in From prosperity to austerity
Emigration and the spread of Irish religious influence
Sarah Roddy

unrelated phrase – ‘British empire’.2 Yet as many historians of Ireland, its diaspora and particularly the Irish Catholic Church have noted, the existence of a peculiarly Irish ‘spiritual empire’ was widely spoken of even as the country’s ports remained choked with emigrants. This concept, normally involving the perception of a special, God-given emigrants’ ‘mission’ to spread the faith in whatever part of the world they settled, is somewhat problematic given the practical limitations explored in chapter three. Nevertheless, as a continually employed explanation of Irish

in Population, providence and empire
Anne Kane

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 07/26/2013, SPi 9 Anne Kane: The transcendent role of Catholic discourse in the Irish Land War1 Central to Paul Bew’s seminal study of the Irish Land War is explaining the challenge that confronted Charles Parnell and the Irish National Land League (INLL): how to resolve the conflict of interests between the diverse social and political groups that constituted the land movement – different classes of tenant farmers, Home Rulers, Fenians and radicals, Irish Americans and the Irish Catholic Church (ICC).2 The challenge that confronted

in Land questions in modern Ireland
Niall Coll

in falling levels of Mass attendance and attitudes to church teaching, there has been a deep process of secularisation.5 The Nobel Prize-winning poet, Seamus Heaney, has spoken of his personal loss of faith, of belief in God and the afterlife, and seems to assume that his experience is the norm,6 a sentiment encapsulated in one of his poems, ‘Out of This World’,7 when he noted that ‘The loss occurred offstage’, and, one might add, in his case, quietly, profoundly.8 So, is that it: will the Irish Catholic Church succumb in the face of modernity’s challenges, the

in Irish Catholic identities
Open Access (free)
Sarah Roddy

spiritual and moral dangers at ports and at sea, were surprisingly lacking, however. At no time did the Irish Catholic Church as a body either originate or lend wholehearted support to adequate emigrant welfare initiatives, although individual clergy doubtless made a difference to the fate of many vulnerable migrants. This reluctance to commit what were acknowledged to be necessary resources to the departing extended also to the departed. While in purely numerical terms the Irish church’s pastoral efforts on behalf of the diaspora were extensive, as Chapter Three argues

in Population, providence and empire
Irish-American fables of resistance
Eamonn Wall

  105 6 The poetry of accumulation: Irish-​American fables of resistance Eamonn Wall Writing on Eiléan Ni Chuilleanáin’s poetry, Andrew J.  Auge, in a devastating piece of reportage, describes the recent change that has taken place in the reputation and role of Irish Catholic Church:  ‘by the turn of the millennium, the once imposing edifice of Irish Catholicism appeared increasingly derelict’ (Auge 2013:  145). Given all we have learned from reports into how the Church has dealt with abuses committed by its clergy and cover-​ups initiated by its hierarchy, it

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism