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Gearóid Ó Tuathaigh

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 07/26/2013, SPi 1 Gearóid Ó Tuathaigh: Irish land questions in the state of the Union In a short but challenging article, published in 1994, the cultural critic Seamus Deane proposed a fundamental distinction between the use of ‘land’ and ‘soil’, as descriptors of territory in Irish history, and between the Irish ‘struggle for the land’ in the nineteenth century and the contest for ‘the soil of Ireland’. According to Deane, ‘soil is what land becomes when it is ideologically constructed as a natal source, that element out of which

in Land questions in modern Ireland
Barbara L. Solow

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 08/01/2013, SPi 3 Barbara L. Solow: The Irish land question in a wider context The meaning of property is not constant.The actual institution, and the way people see it, and hence the meaning they give to the word, all change over time. The changes are related to changes in the purpose which society or the dominant classes in society expect the institution of property to serve... . When these expectations change, property becomes a controversial subject: there is not only argument about what the institution of property ought to be

in Land questions in modern Ireland

The question of land in Ireland has long been at the heart of political, social and cultural debates. In eleven essays a group of authors including some of the most influential historians and social scientists of modern Ireland, and up-and-coming scholars, explore Ireland's land questions in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The book is divided into three sections, the first of which presents the current state of our understanding of the issue of land in Ireland in two survey essays that cover the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The book's second section presents a series of reflections in which historians and social scientists look back on how they have approached the topic of land in Ireland in their earlier writings. A third section presents some innovative new research on various aspects of the Irish land question.

Philip Bull

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 08/01/2013, SPi 4 Philip Bull: Writing about Irish land against the background of Northern Ireland My interest in the Irish land question originated during the doctoral research that I commenced in 1968. Focusing on the role of the Irish nationalist leader, William O’Brien, in resolving conflict over the land tenure issue in the early twentieth century, I began to realize his importance as a voice that echoed down the years almost as a commentary on contemporary events in the north of Ireland. During the initial stages of my research

in Land questions in modern Ireland
Fergus Campbell

Thomas Byrne), I thought that it might be a good time to organize a conference on the Irish land question. Much of the key work on this subject had been done in the 1960s and the 1970s (even if some of it had been published later than that), and I thought that it would be interesting to revisit that work and to reflect on its continued influence and value in the early twenty-first century. During the consumption of the second pint of Guinness, a piece of paper was identified, and quickly a list of the names of eminent historians of Ireland who had written on the Irish

in Land questions in modern Ireland
Abstract only
Laurence Marley

policy, 1918–1950s’, in Matthew Cragoe and Paul Readman (eds), The land question in Britain, 1750–1950 (Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2010).  5 Hardie, ‘A week in Ireland’ (First Article), Labour Leader, 9 February 1906.  6 Gearóid Ó Tuathaigh, ‘Irish land questions in the state of the Union’, in Fergus Campbell and Tony Varley (eds), Land questions in modern Ireland (Manchester, Manchester University Press, 2013), p. 6.  7 Laurence Marley, Michael Davitt:  freelance radical and frondeur (Dublin, Four Courts Press, 2007), p. 284.  8 Hardie, ‘A week in Ireland

in The British Labour Party and twentieth-century Ireland
Fergus Campbell

the book. It is inevitable that when a person changes the way that they think about themselves and their own life, and when the world in which they live in changes, that they will bring the new thoughts that they have to their interpretation of the past. It is for this reason – hopefully – that none of our ideas or understandings of the past will ever remain stuck or static and that the history of the Irish land question as well as everything else will always be open to reinterpretation. Notes 1 F. Campbell, Land and Revolution: Nationalist Politics in the West of

in Land questions in modern Ireland
The public life and political opinions of the 3rd Earl of Rosse
Andrew Shields

later in the chapter. Throughout his life, Rosse was to be a strong defender of the rights of property and of the privileges of the landed class to which he belonged. Indeed, he frequently repeated his conviction that the solution to the Irish land question did not lie in any radical transformation of the existing relationships between landlord and tenant but, rather, rested on the large-scale emigration of the poorer farmers and agricultural labourers from the country.2 Later in his life, however, Rosse’s reputation as a moderate Conservative was to mean that he was

in William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse
The politics of land reform in twentieth-century Ireland
Tony Varley

, the small western farmers were doomed to become the victims, not the victors, of the ‘Land League revolution’.16 Landless labourers, whose part in the Land League ‘was on the whole passive rather than active’,17 present us with another losing agrarian class. Concessions When George Wyndham came to engage with the Irish land question upon becoming Chief Secretary in November 1900, some 70,000 tenant farmers had already purchased their holdings, leaving a balance of 400,000 to be still dealt with.18 The challenge Wyndham set himself was to legislate to accelerate

in Land questions in modern Ireland
Open Access (free)
Patrick Doyle

Politics (Gerrard's Cross, Bucks.: Colin Smythe, 1986), 3. 5 IAOS, Annual Report, 1921 , 7. 6 Kevin H. O’Rourke, ‘Culture, Conflict and Cooperation: Irish Dairying Before the Great War’, Economic Journal , 117 (2007), 1357–1379. 7 Philip Bull, Land, Politics and Nationalism: A Study of the Irish Land Question (Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1996); James S Donnelly, Jr, The Land and the People of Nineteenth-Century Cork (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975). 8 Anthony

in Civilising rural Ireland