law will be considered as a tool whose effective application depends largely on the realities of the international society, which favours power relations. The implementation of international law thus depends on the contradictions that exist between States. This is what we will call the ‘critical’ conception. 4 Beyond this renowned production, the Israeli–Palestinian conflict has inspired a very abundant filmography, which retraces its main events and deals with many aspects of it. From a material composed of a hundred fiction movies and TV series, we will study
Cartoon analysis is the study of a non-elite communication. Ilan Danjoux examined over 1200 Israeli and Palestinian editorial cartoons to explore whether changes in their content anticipated the outbreak of the Al-Aqsa Intifada in October of 2000. Political Cartoons and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict provide readers an engaging introduction to cartoon analysis and a novel insight into the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Conflict researchers benefit from paying attention to popular fears because they influence the policies of career-minded politicians and autocratic leaders seeking to placate domestic dissent. The book begins by outlining the rationale for this research project, while explaining the choice of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as a case study. It identifies the challenges of cartoon research and outlines the methodological approaches available to researchers. After laying the framework for this study, the book details the collapse of the Israel-Palestinian Peace Process into full-scale violence by October 2000. A description of Israeli and Palestinian media production follows. The book demonstrates the cartoon's ability to chronicle changes in conflict. Not only did both Israeli and Palestinian cartoons change their focus with the outbreak of violence, the mood of cartoons also shifted. It also shows that Israeli and Palestinian cartoons also changed the way that each portrayed the other. Changes in both Israeli and Palestinian cartoons corresponded with, but did not precede, the outbreak of the Al-Aqsa Intifada.
Introduction The Israeli–Arab conflict, and in particular the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, has been one of the main conflict arenas in the history of the twentieth century. Since 1948, with the establishment of the State of Israel, the conflict has included numerous rounds of war and violence, and for many years it was characterized by the absence of official communication channels between the parties. Against this background, Uri Avnery, editor of the weekly Haolam Hazeh , worked to build dialogue channels with Palestinian and Arab actors and to
Can private citizens serve as self-appointed peacemakers and influence diplomatic relations between parties to a conflict? The book analyzes the international phenomenon of private peace entrepreneurs (PPEs) – private citizens with no official authority who initiate channels of communication with official representatives from the other side of a conflict in order to promote a conflict resolution process. It combines theoretical discussion with historical analysis, examining four cases from different conflicts: Norman Cousins and Suzanne Massie in the Cold War, Brendan Duddy in the Northern Ireland conflict, and Uri Avnery in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. The book defines the phenomenon, examines the resources and activities of private peace entrepreneurs and their impact on the official diplomacy, and explores the conditions under which they can play an effective role in peacemaking processes.
The book highlights the ability of private individual citizens – who are not politicians, diplomats, or military leaders – to operate as influential actors in international politics in general, and in peace processes in particular. Although the history of internal and international conflicts reveals many cases of private peace entrepreneurs, some of whom played a critical role in conflict resolution efforts, the literature has yet to give this important phenomenon the attention it deserves. The book aims to fill this gap, contributing to the scholarship on conflict and peace, diplomacy, and civil society. It also makes a historiographical contribution by shedding light on figures excluded from the history textbooks, and it offers an alternative perspective to traditional narratives concerning the diplomatic history of the conflicts.
, D. ( 2008 ), ‘ The Humanitarian Politics of Testimony: Subjectification through Trauma in the Israeli–Palestinian Conflict ’, Cultural Anthropology , 23 : 3 , 531 – 58 , doi: 10.1111/j.1548–1360.2008.00017.x . Fernandes , S. ( 2017 ), Curated Stories: The Uses and Misuses of Storytelling
THIS BOOK began as an attempt to understand the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It quickly evolved into a research project on political cartoons. Its journey from an international relations study of the Middle East conflict to a cartoon analysis of public opinion forced me across disciplinary divides that locate this work at the intersection of international relations, media
shift in the content and tone of the Israeli and Palestinian cartoons at the time. Suitable as this case study may be, wading into Middle East research is often done with trepidation. Any study of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict invites emotionally intense and politically charged scrutiny. My nationality, religion and political affiliations all became topics of conversation while researching this book
regional and international codes was images where Israelis or Palestinians were present. In these cases, the conflict coding applied, because external actors were seen as participants in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. This coding revealed a shared indifference towards international issues among Israeli and Palestinian cartoons. Only 4% of Israeli (N = 20) and 4% Palestinian (N = 27) cartoons covered
conflict is predominately a political conflict. National identities subsume the religious, gender and racial differences of these combatants. Christian and Muslim Palestinians struggle together against religious and secular Israelis of all ethnicities. As a study of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, cartoons were coded along nationalist lines, using state symbolism and political leaders as identifiers
report – scrupulously framed by international standards of human rights and humanitarian law – as an obstacle to, rather than foundation for, progress on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. 19 It was notable that Richard Holbrooke, chief architect of the Dayton accords concluded at the close ofthe war in B-H, was appointed that same day in Washington by Obama, to a brief covering