Search results

Abstract only
Katie Donington

. Very few, not one in a Thousand, of a ruddy Complexion. Diary of Curtis Brett (1748) 1 In 1734 Thomas senior departed Manchester to journey across the sea to Jamaica. He arrived in Kingston – a bustling mercantile centre of the British Atlantic world and the place that he would make his home for the next

in The bonds of family
Pratik Chakrabarti

The plantation system of the West Indies created a unique relationship between humans and the natural world. Plantation-based colonization of the Americas involved mass movement of humans and flora through a long history of migration and settlement from the early seventeenth century. Some of these trends were evident in the early gardens. In Jamaica, the Bath Botanical Garden was the second botanical garden to be developed in the western hemisphere (the oldest one being in St Vincent). It was started by the island

in Materials and medicine
Cultural revolution and feminist voices, 1929–50
Rochelle Rowe

1 The early ‘Miss Jamaica’ competition: cultural revolution and feminist voices, 1929–50 Introduction T he first ‘Miss Jamaica’ beauty competition took place in 1929 and was sponsored by the national newspaper the Daily Gleaner, then closely aligned with planter-merchant interests. The Gleaner’s editor was Herbert G. de Lisser, the most dominant figure in Jamaican literature and publishing, whose reign at the paper extended from 1904 to 1944. ‘Miss Jamaica’ represented an attempt to mark the cultural and racial supremacy of the white-creole planter

in Imagining Caribbean womanhood
An overview
Verene A. Shepherd

13 Jamaica and the debate over reparation for slavery: an overview1 Verene A. Shepherd [W]e must not be embarrassed or timid to claim compensation on behalf of our ancestors, because if we don’t, we would have negated their contribution and failed to correct the wrongs of history. (Hon. Clive Mullings MP, Debates in Parliament, Jamaica, 13 February 2007.)   The injustice and the inhumanity; the savagery of slavery, is incontrovertible. The devastation that was brought on the people of Africa by this human pillage cannot be refuted. (Opposition Leader, Bruce

in Emancipation and the remaking of the British imperial world
Sarah Daynes

3 A diachronic analysis of Jamaican reggae charts, 1968–2000 Reggae charts mix different styles (roots reggae, dancehall reggae …) as well as contents (love songs, slackness, religious or sociopolitical songs…). They are therefore representative of reggae music as a whole, in contrast to the data I am using throughout this book for a qualitative analysis of content, which pertain exclusively to reggae songs by artists more or less loosely linked to the Rastafari movement. The principal question underlying this chart analysis concerns the general evolution of

in Time and memory in reggae music
Abstract only

. Norbert’ Fredeman JANE C. 03 1975 57 57 2 2 280 280 309 309 10.7227/BJRL.57.2.3 Lord Byron and William Gifford Jump J. D. 03 1975 57 57 2 2 310 310 326 326 10.7227/BJRL.57.2.4 Alexander Lindsay, 6th Earl of Balcarres, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica 1794-1801 Kup

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Author: Luke de Noronha

Deporting Black Britons provides an ethnographic account of deportation from the UK to Jamaica. It traces the painful stories of four men who were deported after receiving criminal convictions in the UK. For each of the men, all of whom had moved to the UK as children, deportation was lived as exile – from parents, partners, children and friends – and the book offers portraits of survival and hardship in both the UK and Jamaica. Based on over four years of research, Deporting Black Britons describes the human consequences of deportation, while situating deportation stories within the broader context of policy, ideology, law and violence. It examines the relationship between racism, criminalisation and immigration control in contemporary Britain, suggesting new ways of thinking about race, borders and citizenship in these anti-immigrant times. Ultimately, the book argues that these stories of exile and banishment should orient us in the struggle against violent immigration controls, in the UK and elsewhere.

Abstract only
Slavery, commerce and culture in the British Atlantic world
Author: Katie Donington

Moving between Britain and Jamaica this book examines the world of commerce, consumption and cultivation created and sustained through an engagement with the business of slavery. Tracing the activities of a single extended family – the Hibberts – it explores how the system of slavery impacted on the social, cultural, economic and political landscape of Britain during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Integrating an analysis of the family as political and economic actors with an examination of their activities within the domestic and cultural sphere, the book provides an overview of the different ways in which slavery reshaped society both at home and out in the empire. From relatively humble beginnings in the cotton trade in Manchester, the Hibberts ascended through the ranks of Jamaica’s planter-merchant elite. During the abolition campaigns they were leading proslavery advocates and played a vital role in securing compensation for the slave owners. With a fortune built on slavery, the family invested in country houses, collecting, botany and philanthropy. Slavery profoundly altered the family both in terms of its social position and its intimate structure. The Hibberts’ trans-generational story imbricates the personal and the political, the private and the public, the local and the global. It is both the personal narrative of a family and an analytical frame through which to explore Britain’s participation in, and legacies of, transatlantic slavery. It is a history of trade, colonisation, exploitation, enrichment and the tangled web of relations that gave meaning to the transatlantic world.

Race, nation and beauty contests, 1929–70
Author: Rochelle Rowe

The Caribbean Post's treatment of West Indian femininity reflected the growing significance of the beauty contest in the British Caribbean. Phyllis Woolford, 'Miss British Caribbean' of 1948 was pictured on the cover of the Post, epitomising modern Caribbean womanhood. This book examines the links between beauty and politics in the Anglophone Caribbean, providing a cultural history of Caribbean beauty competitions. It discusses the earliest Caribbean beauty competition, 'Miss Jamaica', launched in 1929 on the cusp of Jamaican cultural blossoming, and explores the emerging radical feminist voices amidst the cultural revolution. The 'Miss Trinidad' beauty competition, started in 1946, doubled as the search for an annual 'Carnival Queen', and represented the power of the moneyed white elite against an emergent black political force. The image that emerges of Barbados's 'Carnival Queen' contest is of a decidedly bourgeois contest, in which the 'creme de la creme' of Marcus Jordan's account were the most esteemed 'young ladies' of middle-class society. It examines the institutionalisation of the 'Ten Types' model and provides examples of copycat competitions elsewhere in the Caribbean. The 'Ten Types - Miss Ebony' contest was championed as a lesson in Jamaican racial democracy for other, less advanced, West Indian audiences. The book highlights the radical vantage point of exiled Trinidadian-born communist-feminist Claudia Jones who launched a Caribbean beauty competition in London. The burgeoning black beauty culture of London was imagined, through the West Indian Gazette as a pragmatic means of acquiring the respectable appearance that was 'race-pride' work.