Chapter 3 . Filmer’s patriarchalism versus Jesuit political ideas I nflaming political literature in early seventeenth-century england, the doctrine of the Pope’s (indirect) temporal power1 had its major and most systematic exponent in robert Bellarmine.2 His ideas were hugely popular amongst catholic theorists such as Jacob Gretser at Ingolstadt; Martin Becanus at Mainz; Francisco suarez, Pedro de ribadeneyra, Gabriel Vasquez in spain; emmanuel de sâ in Portugal; Jean Guigard in France; the Gunpowder plotter Father Henry Garnet in england.3 contributing to

in Sir Robert Filmer (1588-1653) and the patriotic monarch

Chapter 3 . The Puritan, the Jesuit and the Jacobean succession Paulina Kewes I n recent years, a new consensus has begun to emerge among leading early modern historians about Puritan attitudes towards the succession after the execution of Mary Queen of Scots in February 1587. Fundamental to this consensus is the claim that as soon as the Catholic Mary died on the block, godly Englishmen who hankered after further reform of the Church embraced her Protestant son James VI of Scotland as their preferred candidate for the throne. Nicholas Tyacke, for example

in Doubtful and dangerous

6 Henry Fitzsimon, the Irish Jesuits and Catholic identity in the early modern period Brian Jackson In a short biographical sketch of the distinguished Irish Jesuit Henry Fitzsimon published in Studies in 1943, James Corboy concluded his essay with a bleak assessment of life on the Jesuit mission to Ireland in 1630. Corboy asserted that after a long literary career on the continent, Fitzsimon returned from exile to Dublin where he was so harassed by persecution that he had no opportunity to write.1 Corboy was following in distinguished footsteps down a well

in Irish Catholic identities

experienced most challenges to their efficacy and political and moral legitimacy in the areas in which they have traditionally operated – that is to say, in the Global South. The staff of these organisations, including in leadership positions, now include many people from the South. But the concept of ‘the mission’, with its echoes of military campaigning and Jesuit proselytising, remains fundamentally the same. And it is an open question whether NGOs can sustain their legitimacy while they promote this concept. How might NGOs respond? Will MSF leave the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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St Francis Xavier and the politics of ritual in Portuguese India

This book is a study of the complex nature of colonial and missionary power in Portuguese India. Written as a historical ethnography, it explores the evolving shape of a series of Catholic festivals that took place in Goa throughout the duration of Portuguese colonial rule in India (1510-1961), and for which the centrepiece was the “incorrupt” corpse of São Francisco Xavier, a (Spanish Basque) Jesuit missionary (1506–1552)-turned-saint (1622). Using distinct genres of source materials produced over the long duree of Portuguese colonialism in India (Xaverian biographies, European travelogues, royal decrees and Jesuit letters, a state commissioned book dedicated to Xavier, Goa guidebooks, newspaper articles, and medical reports), the book documents the historical and visual transformation of Xavier’s corporeal ritualization in death from a small-scale religious feast arranged by Jesuit missionaries (1554), into an elaborate celebration of Xavier’s canonization organized jointly by church and state (1624), and finally, into a series of “Solemn Expositions” designed by colonial officials at regular centenary intervals (1782, 1859, 1952), including the last colonial exposition of 1961 staged amidst Goa’s liberation and integration into postcolonial India. These six ritual “events”, staged at critical junctures (1554, 1624, 1782, 1859, 1952, 1961), and always centered on Xavier’s biography and corpse, provide the conceptual framework for individual chapters of the book.

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Promise and paralysis

2 National education: promise and paralysis In April 1762, when the Parlement of Paris ordered the Society of Jesus to relinquish control of the thirty-eight collèges it administered within the Parlement’s jurisdiction, it set off a tremendous debate about the purpose, personnel, and politics of French education. When, four months later, the Parlement expelled the Jesuits altogether and, two years after that, Louis XV expelled the order from all of France, it became apparent that the debate over education would become national in scope and that it would require

in In pursuit of politics
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The discernment of angels

proceeding and mission agendas, and not all the paintings he saw appearing on his college walls were angelic: some showed tortured and twisted bodies, including those of men he had known; at some point in Rome he was to decide that his path lay that way. In Rome he learned to write into that dichotomy, to reconcile violence with beauty. The regular spiritual report required of every Jesuit novice was, in

in Robert Southwell
Into England

protection of his cloak, it seemed. It was a very necessary protection, no doubt. False friends, spies, and counterspies being everywhere, the arrival of two ‘very young’ Jesuits was quickly known to Burghley. 9 Indeed, information on their departure for England had already been relayed to Burghley by Thomas Phelippes. News of Southwell’s arrival would therefore have reached him at about the same time as the

in Robert Southwell
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Ben Jonson’s admiration for Southwell’s ‘burning Babe’

Queen, Robert was sent across the water for a Catholic schooling. He travelled with John Cotton, under whose surname he was later to go during his English mission. 14 Lodging at the English College, it was while studying at the university college run by the Society of Jesus nearby that he encountered the Jesuit intellectual Leonard Lessius. 15 Lessius, only seven years Southwell’s senior, was developing

in Robert Southwell

Introduction Viceroys of India may come and go, but the Jesuit Fathers are always with us [in Goa]. – popular eighteenth-century saying 1 The persecution of the Society of Jesus was unleashed under

in The relic state