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A history
Editor: Derek Fraser

The book is a comprehensive and definitive history of the Leeds Jewish community, which was – and remains – the third largest in Britain. It is organised in three parts: Context (history, urban, demography); Chronology (covering the period from the mid-nineteenth century to the 1940s); and Contours (analysing themes and aspects of the history up to the present time). The book shows how a small community was affected by mass immigration, and through economic progress and social mobility achieved integration into the host society. It is a story of entrepreneurial success which transformed a proletarian community into a middle-class society. Its members contributed extensively to the economic, social, political and cultural life of Leeds, which provided a supportive environment for Jews to pursue their religion, generally free from persecution. The Leeds Jewish community lived predominantly in three locations which changed over time as they moved in a northerly direction to suburbia.

Nigel Grizzard

Introduction This period saw the transformation of Leeds Jewry from a migrant community to a community of Englishmen of the Jewish persuasion. The impact of the Aliens Act of 1905 on the community, the slowdown of immigration and the rising proportion of English-born children all changed the face of the community. The outbreak of the First World War put the Jewish community in the political firing line, with discussions about Jewish loyalty in the local press. The period 1914–18 was one

in Leeds and its Jewish Community
Open Access (free)
The Papal Inquisition in Modena, 1598–1638

This book explores two areas of interest: the Papal Inquisition in Modena and the status of Jews in an early modern Italian duchy. Its purpose is to deepen existing insights into the role of the former and thus lead to a better understanding of how an Inquisitorial court assumed jurisdiction over a practising Jewish community in the seventeenth century. The book highlights one specific aspect of the history of the Jews in Italy: the trials of professing Jews before the Papal Inquisition at the beginning of the seventeenth century. Inquisitorial processi against professing Jews provide the earliest known evidence of a branch of the Papal Inquisition taking judicial actions against Jews on an unprecedented scale and attempting systematically to discipline a Jewish community, pursuing this aim for several centuries. The book focuses on Inquisitorial activity during the first 40 years of the history of the tribunal in Modena, from 1598 to 1638, the year of the Jews' enclosure in the ghetto, the period which historians have argued was the most active in the Inquisition's history. It argues that trials of the two groups are different because the ecclesiastical tribunals viewed conversos as heretics but Jews as infidels. The book emphasizes the fundamental disparity in Inquisitorial procedure regarding Jews, as well as the evidence examined, especially in Modena. This was where the Duke uses the detailed testimony to be found in Inquisitorial trial transcripts to analyse Jewish interaction with Christian society in an early modern community.

Britain's Chief Rabbis were attempting to respond to the new religious climate, and deployed a variety of tactics to achieve their aims. This book presents a radical new interpretation of Britain's Chief Rabbis from Nathan Adler to Immanuel Jakobovits. It examines the theologies of the Chief Rabbis and seeks to reveal and explain their impact on the religious life of Anglo-Jewry. The book begins with the study of Nathan Marcus Adler, Chief Rabbi from 1845, and it then explores how in 1880 Hermann Adler became Delegate Chief Rabbi on his father's semi-retirement to Brighton. In the pre-modern era, and for a while after, rabbis saw themselves and were seen as the heirs of the rabbinic tradition, whose role first and foremost was to rule on matters of religious law. The book argues that the Chief Rabbis' response to modernity should be viewed in the context of Jewish religious responses that emerged following the Enlightenment and Emancipation. It sketches out a possible typology of those responses, so that Chief Rabbis can be placed in that context. Chief Rabbis were members of the acknowledgement school, which contained a number of different theological currents: romantic, scientific, aesthetic and nostalgic. Hermann Adler was the Chief Rabbi during his time, and his religious policies were to a great extent motivated by his religious ideas. Joseph Herman Hertz's theology placed him in the traditional group within the acknowledgement school, although he was influenced by its scientific, romantic and aesthetic branches.

Simha Goldin

In the Middle Ages the status of women in the Jewish community underwent a real and fundamental change. 1 The sources reflected this change in the economic milieu in which women functioned, and as I have shown in every chapter of this book, this transformation spilled over into other areas of daily life, a fact which the male halakhic leadership also acknowledged and internalized. At the beginning

in Jewish women in europe in the middle ages
Paul Kelemen

2 Zionism and Anglo-Jewry Poale Zion’s effectiveness in gaining labour movement support partly depended on the wider Zionist movement’s campaign to win over Britain’s Jewish community. In 1930, well before Zionism came to dominate Anglo-Jewry’s political outlook, Lloyd George was advised, when addressing the Jewish electorate in Whitechapel, that it ‘would like to hear something brief and personal about Palestine’.1 In this period, declarations along these lines by prominent politicians would have been understood by most East End Jews as a gesture of

in The British left and Zionism
The Baghdadi Jewish community, 1845-1931
Chiara Betta

This chapter is concerned with the presentation of the Shanghai Baghdadi Jewish community from a fresh perspective, that of its marginal position within the Shanghai Western community. 1 For this purpose Baghdadi Jews will be considered in the following pages as ‘marginal Westerners’. The definition used here is meant to be broadly inclusive, and indeed incorporates five generations of Baghdadi Jews who differed substantially in the attitudes to the West and the Western presence in Shanghai. It should also be noted that

in New frontiers
Ian Vellins

. Lipman’s comments on the character of the wider Jewish community found their echo in Leeds: The rise in real earnings increased demand for Jewish employment in the service and distributive trade and in consumer-orientated industries, so Jewish hairdressers, taxi drivers, newsagents, tobacconists and confectioners were able to start their own businesses as self-employed workers, in retail shopping and chain stores … Anglo-Jewish communities were ones in which the descendants of the Eastern European immigrants of 1881 onwards had been fully

in Leeds and its Jewish Community
Jewish identity in late Victorian Leeds
James Appell

possesses a vividness that resonates with modern readers. Few other contemporary sources have so successfully brought the Leylands to life and given the report’s brevity – it stretches over barely five pages of the journal – even fewer have been so richly detailed. For that reason, time and again, those who seek to tell the story of the Leeds Jewish community have returned to the report of the Special Sanitary Commission for inspiration. The Lancet ’s report stuck largely to its stated task of investigating links between conditions in the

in Leeds and its Jewish Community
Abstract only
Simha Goldin

First Crusade may have triggered this stance, but it emanated out to all Jewish communities in northern Europe. In their struggle for survival the Jewish group developed a sophisticated organization (the Jewish community) whose purpose was to keep as many of its members as possible within its confines. This organization saw itself involved in a critical struggle for survival against a majority

in Jewish women in europe in the middle ages