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More a disease than a profession
Editor: Kevin Rafter

This book illuminates the history of Irish journalism and enhances the idea of journalism as a scholarly exercise rooted in the historical evolution of the profession. The most curious episodes in the history of Irish journalism was the world-wide fame attained by the Skibbereen Eagle, a small provincial newspaper which declared that it was keeping an eye on the Tsar of Russia. William Howard Russell is probably the best known of the Irish-born correspondents who captured dramatic events from far-flung locations for newspaper readers. The book then examines the careers of four prominent Irish or Irish-American journalists, editors and newspaper proprietors based in Chicago, who struggled to tread the fine line between assimilation and identity. The four Chicago journalists previously mentioned are listed here: Melville E. Stone, John F. Finerty, Margaret Sullivan and Finley Peter Dunne. The book further focuses on Sinn Fein and its influence in altering the vision for Ireland's future. It considers the role of Irish newspapers in the peace process which ended the Irish War of Independence and led to the Anglo-Irish Treaty in December 1921. The book concentrates on the three most popular Irish daily newspapers at the time, the Freeman's Journal, Irish Independent and The Irish Times. Finally, the book explores the work of Irish journalists abroad and shows how the great political debates about Ireland's place in the United Kingdom served as a backdrop to newspaper publication in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

The evolution of a discipline
Mark O’Brien

1 Journalism in Ireland: the evolution of a discipline Mark O’Brien While journalism in Ireland had a long gestation, the issues that today’s journalists grapple with are very much the same that their predecessors had to deal with. The pressures of deadlines and news gathering, the reliability and protection of sources, dealing with patronage and pressure from the state, advertisers and prominent personalities, and the fear of libel and state regulation were just as much a part of early journalism as they are today. What distinguished early journalism was the

in Irish journalism before independence
Flora Shaw, The Times and South Africa
Dorothy O. Helly and Helen Callaway

the next decade, her political journalism in the pages of ‘The Thunderer’ – nearly six hundred articles, leaders and columns – supported the expansion and consolidation of the British Empire. She became the first woman to gain a professional position on The Times and its first Colonial Editor. She wrote with lucid analysis, clarifying complex economic and political issues

in The South African War reappraised
Michael Foley

2 How journalism became a profession Michael Foley It was not inevitable that in 1922 Ireland would emerge from more than a century of political and social struggles as a democracy, but it did for many and complex reasons, one of which was the press and how it evolved throughout the nineteenth century. Understanding how the press and journalism developed tells a lot about social development in Ireland, and also sheds light on a media that came of age in a colonial context that was very different from journalism in the two other main English speaking countries

in Irish journalism before independence
Tim Markham

3681 The Politics of war reporting.qxd:Layout 1 28/9/11 11:14 Page 115 6 How do audiences live journalism? I’ll say this about Tibetans, at least they’re not polar bears. (Comment posted on guardian.co.uk’s Comment is Free discussion forum) Much has been written in the past 20 years about the representation of ‘distant others’ in the news media. It was seen in the previous chapter that for Silverstone the issue of a ‘proper distance’ between audiences and mediated others is crucial because it involves the representation of humans to other humans. I have

in The politics of war reporting
Brad Beaven

through a localised perspective. However, while civic elites worked hard to foster prestigious civic and imperial urban profiles, their attempts would have foundered without the participation of the local press. The provincial press and the 'new journalism' of the 1880s By the beginning of the twentieth century, the newspaper press enacted a duel role in a local community. At

in Visions of empire
Mel Bunce

crises, they increasingly encounter media content that blurs the line between reality and fiction. This includes everything from rumours and exaggerations on social media, through to partisan journalism, satire and completely invented stories that are designed to look like real news articles. Although this media content varies enormously, it is often grouped together under nebulous and all-encompassing terms such as ‘fake news’, ‘disinformation’ or ‘post-truth’ media. Scholars have started to pay serious attention to the production and impact of all

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

specialists (the category I feel closest to) and, to a lesser extent, special correspondents – whose modus operandi I am somewhat familiar with from having rubbed shoulders with them in the course of my research. One final detail: in large part, my observations concern journalism conducted on a ‘freelance’ basis, that is, not as a permanent employee of a media outlet, but as an independent contractor who is paid by the article and generally works with

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Fabrice Weissman

, dont un Belge, ont été libérés ’, 15 May, www.rtbf.be/info/belgique/detail_les-employes-de-msf-enleves-en-syrie-dont-un-belge-ont-ete-liberes?id=8269986 (accessed 28 June 2019) . Simon , J. ( 2014 ), ‘ Is It Time to End Media Blackouts? ’, Columbia Journalism Review , 3 September, http://m.cjr.org/164394/show/09239ac3b655cee6f021e5def773aad4

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Lewis Hine’s Photographs of Refugees for the American Red Cross, 1918–20
Sonya de Laat

that we do in the written work. Even in art, poetic license shouldn’t slop over into yellow journalism … I have a conviction that the design, registered in the human faces thro [ sic ] years of life and work, is more vital for purposes of permanent record, (tho [ sic ] it is more subtle perhaps), than the geometric pattern of lights and shadows that passes in the taking, and serves (so often) as mere photographic jazz. ( McCausland, 1838–1995 ) Hine mastered, mobilized, and combined the different aesthetic aspects of photography to great effect without feeling a

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs