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Matthew P. Fitzpatrick

1880s. Among these new territories was German South-West Africa (present-day Namibia), which, in 1904, was the site of a genocidal colonial war. This war, and the legal and military role of Kaiser Wilhelm II in its prosecution, has been the object of heated debate as scholars have attempted to ascertain precisely how involved the Kaiser was in colonial affairs. This chapter demonstrates that despite the

in Crowns and colonies
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Politics, Pageantry and Colonialism

Royal tours of the 1800s and early 1900s, and since, have created much documentation, perhaps the most obvious record contained in newspapers and magazines, newsreels and then radio and television broadcasts. Tours expressed and promoted royal and imperial authority, though in some instances they revealed resistance against expansionist designs. The royal visitor was the central actor in a tour, but was surrounded by an entourage of other people and a store of paraphernalia that played essential roles. This book examines how presentation is managed when ambassadors are sent in place of the royal personage. Sultan Alauddin of Aceh mounted a royal tour by proxy in which he was embodied - and concealed - in his gifts and in the humbler persons of his placeholders. Prince Alfred Ernest Albert, Duke of Edinburgh, provided a template for later royal tours in three ways. First, he pioneered a new relationship with the Royal Navy as a training institution for British princes. Second, his lengthy visits paved the way for similarly ambitious global tours. Alfred's tours cultivated a range of trusted support staff. Imperial citizenship and even Britishness were embraced by non- English and non- British subjects of the queen. One young prince who was present in Britain at some of the most glittering events was Thakur Sahib Bhagvatsinh, a Rajput who ruled Gondal. The book also discusses Kaiser Wilhelm II's tour, King Sisowath and Emperor Khai Dinh's tour to France, the Portuguese crown prince's tour of Africa, and tours during Smuts's Raj.

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European monarchies and overseas empires

Crowns and Colonies is a set of sixteen original essays by distinguished international scholars that explore the relationship between European monarchies and overseas empires. The essays argue that during much of the history of colonialism there existed a direct and important link between most colonial empires and the institutions of monarchy. The contributions, which encompass the British, French, Dutch, Italian and German empires, examine the constitutional role of the monarchs in overseas territories brought under their flag, royal prerogatives exercised in the empires, individual connections between monarchs and their colonial domains, such aspects of monarchical rule as royal tours and regalia, and the place of indigenous hereditary rulers in the colonial system. Several chapters also focus on the evolution of the Queen as Head of the Commonwealth and former British colonies.

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The Kaiser and Kaiserin’s voyage to the Levant, 1898
Matthew P. Fitzpatrick

Despite his reputation as the driving force behind Germany’s pre-1914 push for empire, Kaiser Wilhelm II never visited any of Germany’s colonies. He did, however, visit the Ottoman empire three times: in 1889, 1898 and 1917. On the second of these trips, in autumn 1898, he and Empress Augusta Victoria ventured well beyond Constantinople during a pilgrimage to the chief sites of the Holy Land. The occasion of the tour was

in Royals on tour
The German Templer colonies in Palestine
Matthew P. Fitzpatrick and Felicity Jensz

nationalist sensibilities in support of German colonisation in Palestine did not go unheeded, with those answering the association’s call for investors including King Wilhelm of Württemburg and Kaiser Wilhelm II, who donated 128,500 marks between them. 1 Such clear signals of high-level support for German expansion in Palestine certainly help to confirm the findings of a number of

in Imperial expectations and realities
Andy Campbell

Germany. The Blue Max MC, a roughly contemporaneous motorcy- 39 2.2 40 Bound together cle club based in Los Angeles, also played fast and loose with history, taking the Prussian figurehead of Kaiser Wilhelm II as well as the famed German World War I fighter pilot Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen (commonly known as the Red Baron) as symbolic and visual touchstones. While there is certainly a camp element to these choices (photographs housed in the Blue Max MC’s collection at ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives present the club’s membership dressed in WWI

in Bound together
Jean-Claude Gardes

1913. 19 A consequence of militarism was therefore a significant drop in the standard of living of the people, particularly the working class. This phenomenon was continuously denounced by the review's contributors, who were infuriated by the harm caused by the Weltpolitik implemented by Kaiser Wilhelm II, particularly in 1892–1893 and 1899–1900. The criticisms were sometimes designed to be ironic: Es giebt noch immer

in Comic empires
The Victoria Memorial and imperial London
Tori Smith

Good’. Illustrated London News, 1 July 1911 Despite the King’s declaration, the colonies did not have a high profile either in the monument itself or at its unveiling. Although illustrations of the day echoed depictions of the Diamond Jubilee, the cast of players was very different ( Figure 5 ). Neither colonial Premiers nor troops took part in the ceremony. Instead, the guest of honour was the Queen’s grandson, Kaiser Wilhelm II. Indeed, in the context of tense relations between Britain and Germany, his

in Imperial cities
The Schutztruppen and their leaders in East and South-West Africa, 1888–1918
Kirsten Zirkel

‘the possibility of military expeditions is entirely out of the question … I would rather give up the whole East African colonial venture than agree to a military campaign in the interior.’ 20 But Bismarck’s ability to pursue his foreign policy independently of Parliament, and of the youthful Kaiser Wilhelm II, became increasingly limited towards the end of his long chancellorship. The blockade

in Guardians of empire
The iconography of Anglo-American inter-imperialism
Stephen Tuffnell

labelled ‘Cuba’ with his sword; drinks wine from a decanter labelled ‘Philippine Islands’; while on the left of the table is an ice bucket with a bottle labelled ‘Porto Rico’. In the background, John Bull, Kaiser Wilhelm II, Tsar Nicolas II, and French President Félix Faure, carve a large cake on a platter labelled China. John Bull looks on as he remarks to his European counterparts, ‘What are you mad about? We can't grudge him a light lunch while we are feasting!’ 88 Examining the

in Comic empires