Security aid, impunity and Muslim alienation
Jeremy Prestholdt

Introduction In late September 2013, four militants associated with the Somali insurgent group al Shabaab walked into an upmarket shopping centre in Nairobi. Armed with automatic weapons and grenades, the gunmen made their way through Westgate Mall firing on those trapped inside. They claimed that their actions were retribution for Kenya's military operations in Somalia and the recent assassinations of Kenyan Muslim clerics. The attackers would kill more than sixty people at the mall, including the nephew of Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta

in Non-Western responses to terrorism
Will Jackson

It was the combined effect of these factors – the problem of cost, the limitations of care and the widely-held belief in the harmful effects of the tropical climate – that led authorities to envisage the transfer of mentally ill Europeans out of Kenya as the only viable solution to the problem of the European insane. Legislation passed in 1918 allowed for the removal of European ‘lunatics’ to South

in Madness and marginality
Where and when does the violence end?
David M. Anderson and Paul J. Lane

14 1 The unburied victims of Kenya’s Mau Mau Rebellion: where and when does the violence end? David M. Anderson and Paul J. Lane All over central Kenya, the bones are coming up. Travelling around the countryside of the Kikuyu-​speaking areas of these intensely farmed and closely settled fertile highlands, there are strange patches of uncultivated land to be seen: places where local far­mers have found the remains of their kith and kin, those who were killed during Kenya’s bloody rebellion against colonialism in the 1950s. At Othaya, where the bitter war raged

in Human remains in society
Daniel Owen Spence

. A tradition of Royal Navy recruitment was thus already embedded in East Africa and from 1919 this would be supplemented by an officer class. The 1926 census revealed that not one of the country’s white population over twenty-six had been born there. African unrest following the First World War made Kenya’s European community fearful of their minority position. They thus

in Colonial naval culture and British imperialism, 1922–67
Chloe Campbell

In January 1931, Dr H. L. Gordon, President of the Kenya branch of the British Medical Association, made a speech at the organisation’s Annual Dinner which was a powerful plea for the use of eugenics in colonial development policy. He argued that the promotion of education and physical health in Africa were potentially irresponsible objectives if undertaken without due regard

in Race and empire
David Throup

The politics of African nationalism in Kenya is a topic that has not lacked for scholarly attention. Alongside the many contemporary, or near contemporary studies, of the Mau Mau rebellion and the political process of the transfer of powers which followed its suppression, a spate of recent literature has excavated new sources, re-examined old arguments and presented new

in Policing and decolonisation
David M. Anderson

The subject of law and order looms larger in the history of Kenya than in that of any other British colonial possession in Africa. This fact arises not merely from the ‘Mau Mau’ Emergency of the 1950s, which drew direct attention to the problems of social control and the methods of law enforcement employed and condoned by the state; even from the early years of the century

in Policing the empire
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
The lives of Kenya’s White insane
Author: Will Jackson

Kenya Colony, for the British at least, has customarily been imagined as a place of wealthy settler-farmers, sun-lit panoramas and the adventure of safari. Yet for the majority of Europeans who went there life was very different. This book offers an unprecedented new account of what was – supposedly – the most picturesque of Britain’s colonies overseas. While Kenya’s romantic reputation has served to perpetuate the notion that Europeans enjoyed untroubled command, what the lives of Kenya’s white insane powerfully describe are stories of conflict, immiseration, estrangement and despair. Crucially, Europeans who became impoverished in Kenya or who transgressed the boundary lines separating colonizer from colonized subverted the myth that Europeans enjoyed a natural right to rule. Because a deviation from the settler ideal was politically problematic, therefore, Europeans who failed to conform to the collective self-image were customarily absented, from the colony itself in the first instance and latterly from both popular and scholarly historical accounts. Bringing into view the lives of Kenya’s white insane makes for an imaginative and intellectual engagement with realms of human history that, so colonial ideologies would have us believe, simply were not there. Tracing the pathways that led an individual to the hospital gates, meanwhile, shows up the complex interplay between madness and marginality in a society for which deviance was never intended to be managed but comprehensively denied.

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Eugenics in colonial Kenya
Author: Chloe Campbell

This book tells the story of a short-lived but vehement eugenics movement that emerged among a group of Europeans in Kenya in the 1930s, unleashing a set of writings on racial differences in intelligence more extreme than that emanating from any other British colony in the twentieth century. By tracing the history of eugenic thought in Kenya, it shows how the movement took on a distinctive colonial character, driven by settler political preoccupations and reacting to increasingly outspoken African demands for better, and more independent, education. Eugenic theories on race and intelligence were widely supported by the medical profession in Kenya, as well as powerful members of the official and non-official European settler population. However, the long-term failures of the eugenics movement should not blind us to its influence among the social and administrative elite of colonial Kenya. Through a close examination of attitudes towards race and intelligence in a British colony, the book reveals how eugenics was central to colonial racial theories before World War II.