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Government, Authority and Control, 1830–1940

From the Victorian period to the present, images of the policeman have played a prominent role in the literature of empire, shaping popular perceptions of colonial policing. This book covers and compares the different ways and means that were employed in policing policies from 1830 to 1940. Countries covered range from Ireland, Australia, Africa and India to New Zealand and the Caribbean. As patterns of authority, of accountability and of consent, control and coercion evolved in each colony the general trend was towards a greater concentration of police time upon crime. The most important aspect of imperial linkage in colonial policing was the movement of personnel from one colony to another. To evaluate the precise role of the 'Irish model' in colonial police forces is at present probably beyond the powers of any one scholar. Policing in Queensland played a vital role in the construction of the colonial social order. In 1886 the constabulary was split by legislation into the New Zealand Police Force and the standing army or Permanent Militia. The nature of the British influence in the Klondike gold rush may be seen both in the policy of the government and in the actions of the men sent to enforce it. The book also overviews the role of policing in guarding the Gold Coast, police support in 1954 Sudan, Orange River Colony, Colonial Mombasa and Kenya, as well as and nineteenth-century rural India.

The Canadian Mounted Police and the Klondike gold rush
William R. Morrison

In the late 1890s, at the height of imperialist sentiment in Canada, an event occurred in a remote part of the dominion which illuminated a number of official Canadian attitudes current in the period. This was the Yukon, or Klondike, gold rush, which took place between the summers of 1897 and 1899. The establishment of law and order during the gold rush shows the

in Policing the empire
Irish and English influences in Canada
Georgina Sinclair

Association (1980); William R. Morrison, ‘Imposing the British Way: The Canadian Mounted Police and the Klondike Gold Rush’, in Anderson & Killingray, Policing the Empire; Harwood Steele, Policing the Acrtic: The Story of the Conquest of the Artic by the RCMP (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1936); and To Effect an Arrest: Adventures of the RCMP (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1947

in At the end of the line
Oonagh McDonald

long association with the government and the Bank of England, having supplied gold to the Duke of Wellington when it was desperately needed to pay the troops and pay for supplies during the Napoleonic wars, and having rescued the Bank of England in 1825 when it required large supplies of gold for coinage. The bullion brokers (and indeed the City of London as a whole) benefited from the gold rushes in California, Australia, South Africa and the Yukon between 1850 and 1890, followed by the Klondike gold rush in Canada between 1897 and 1899. These five companies, which

in Holding bankers to account
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Anna Green
Kathleen Troup

generation to generation. She interviewed eight Athapaskan women who were born during or after the Klondike gold rush of 1896–98. 34 Cruikshank’s initial expectations of the content of the interviews, based around her knowledge of the disruptive effect of contact with prospectors, missionaries, traders, and miners, were deflected by the women’s determination to tell traditional stories. In the end Cruikshank recorded more than one hundred stories, many of which were almost identical to those described by early ethnographers in the late nineteenth century. Why did these

in The houses of history
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The Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto and the Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria
John M. MacKenzie

Klondike gold rush, a useful entrepôt and supply point for the long voyage to Alaska and the Yukon. Moreover, mineral discoveries on Vancouver Island (particularly coal) propelled economic growth and the first island railway line, from Nanaimo (facing east and the mainland) to Esquimalt, the Royal Naval base (facing west and south) was completed in 1886. It was extended into Victoria in 1888. This line was designed

in Museums and empire