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Reconstruction and Soldier Settlement in the Empire Between the Wars

Research on soldier settlement has to be set within the wider history of emigration and immigration. This book examines two parallel but complementary themes: the settlement of British soldiers in the overseas or 'white' dominions, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa, between 1915 and 1930. One must place soldier settlement within the larger context of imperial migration prior to 1914 in order to elicit the changes in attitude and policy which occurred after the armistice. The book discusses the changes to Anglo-dominion relations that were consequent upon the incorporation of British ex-service personnel into several overseas soldier settlement programmes, and unravels the responses of the dominion governments to such programmes. For instance, Canadians and Australians complained about the number of ex-imperials who arrived physically unfit and unable to undertake employment of any kind. The First World War made the British government to commit itself to a free passage scheme for its ex-service personnel between 1914 and 1922. The efforts of men such as L. S. Amery who attempted to establish a landed imperial yeomanry overseas is described. Anglicisation was revived in South Africa after the second Anglo-Boer War, and politicisation of the country's soldier settlement was an integral part of the larger debate on British immigration to South Africa. The Australian experience of resettling ex-servicemen on the land after World War I came at a great social and financial cost, and New Zealand's disappointing results demonstrated the nation's vulnerability to outside economic factors.

the influence of the press on the outcome of elections. Part II concludes with an excursus on the powers of members of Parliament (MPs). Traditional political thinking in the UK – and related countries such as Australia, New Zealand and Canada – has always maintained that British democracy, in the words of the constitutionalist L.S. Amery (1964, 1), is one of ‘government of the people, for the people, with, but not by the people’. It follows from this ideal of representative government that Parliament is a strong institution which, it is supposed, can hold the

in The politics of participation
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respective bureaucracies and the changes in attitude and policy formulation that resulted have attracted equally sparse attention. Similarly, the impact of key imperial and national visionaries on soldier settlement policy, notably men such as L. S. Amery, who stamped his personal mark on the free passage scheme in the attempt to establish a landed imperial yeomanry overseas, has until now not been fully

in Unfit for heroes
The impact of the South African War on imperial defence

Source: Laurie Field, The Forgotten War: Australia and the Boer War (Melbourne, pbk edn 1995), pp. 193–9, based (with corrections) on statistics in L. S. Amery, The Times History of the War in South Africa, 6 vols (London, 1900–09), vol. 4, appendix I and vol. 5, p. 697

in The South African War reappraised
The case of colonial Zambia

. 6. 23 BNA CO 795/31/4, J. C. Maxwell to L. S. Amery, 8 April 1929. 24 BNA CO 758/53/1, J. C. Maxwell to L. S. Amery, 12 September 1927. 25

in Developing Africa
The South African War, Empire and India

, introducing the causes of the war, L. S. Amery commented: We have fought … to vindicate the white man’s birthright – the right of all white men that come into a new country, and join in the work of developing and making it, to claim their share of political privileges. Our endeavour

in The South African War reappraised
The politics of Empire settlement, 1900–1922

Secretary of State and L. S. Amery as Under-Secretary. The commitment to imperial unity of Milner and Amery was well known. Under their direction state policy took a decisive turn towards the imperialist conception of British emigration. ‘A way out of our troubles’: 50 Oversea Settlement and the post-war unemployment crisis, 1918

in Emigrants and empire

flagged airlines, even Churchill changed his view that civil flying should be self-financing. And, in 1935, no less a figure than L. S. Amery, ex-Colonial and Dominions Secretary, warned against letting British aviation suffer from either laissez faire or from the payment of subsidies too small to sustain it. The phrases ‘almost unthinkable’, and ‘height of folly and shortsightedness’, leap from the

in Air empire

/10/2013 10:11:14 AM Cultures of Unionism 83 41 Kennedy, ‘Troubled Tories’, p. 585; Sykes, ‘Radical right and crisis of conservatism’, p. 663. 42 Smith, Tories and Ireland, p. 173. 43 Long, Memories, p. 203; Smith, Tories and Ireland, p. 175. 44 Jackson, Popular Opposition to Irish Home Rule, p. 182. 45 Ibid., pp. 134–6. 46 Parliamentary Archives, London, Willoughby de Broke MSS, WB6/3, Robert Cecil to Lord Willoughby de Broke, 18 September 1913. 47 Jackson, Popular Opposition to Irish Home Rule, p. 134. 48 Amery MSS, AMEL1/2/26, Memo. by L.S. Amery

in Conservatism for the democratic age
The discourse of modernization in the concentration camps of the South African War, 1899–1902

terms – our cause is just and good, yours is wrong, probably evil, and you, the enemy, are lesser human beings than we are. In South Africa, at least among the lay public and even among some academics, the 1899–1902 war sometimes continues to be depicted in this way. In his introduction to The Times History of the War in South Africa L.S. Amery spelt out the British argument for the conquest of the

in Rhetorics of empire