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Introduction and overview
Damian Grimshaw
,
Colette Fagan
,
Gail Hebson
, and
Isabel Tavora

A new labour market segmentation approach 1 A new labour market segmentation approach for analysing inequalities: introduction and overview Damian Grimshaw, Colette Fagan, Gail Hebson and Isabel Tavora There is a real need for a new multi-dimensional approach to understanding inequalities in work and employment. Faced with the pressures of globalisation, liberalisation of markets and periodic economic crises, many societies around the world have forged fragile compromises that are fundamentally incompatible with the goals of making the distribution of

in Making work more equal
Open Access (free)
A new labour market segmentation approach

This book presents new theories and international empirical evidence on the state of work and employment around the world. Changes in production systems, economic conditions and regulatory conditions are posing new questions about the growing use by employers of precarious forms of work, the contradictory approaches of governments towards employment and social policy, and the ability of trade unions to improve the distribution of decent employment conditions. Designed as a tribute to the highly influential contributions of Jill Rubery, the book proposes a ‘new labour market segmentation approach’ for the investigation of issues of job quality, employment inequalities, and precarious work. This approach is distinctive in seeking to place the changing international patterns and experiences of labour market inequalities in the wider context of shifting gender relations, regulatory regimes and production structures.

Theories and evidence
Josep Banyuls
and
Albert Recto

of unemployment had necessarily to be revised, and with this change, the concept of segmentation (in its most simplistic version of duality) eventually became the reference point for new discussions. As we shall see, the interpretation of segmentation by neoclassical economists is completely different from the heterodox view developed by Jill Rubery (Rubery, 1978; Rubery, 1992; Rubery and Wilkinson, 1994) and other members of the International Working Party on Labour Market Segmentation  (IWPLMS) (Wilkinson, 1981; see Chapter 1). This approach suggested alternative

in Making work more equal
Open Access (free)
Conceptual and ethodological challenges for comparative analysis
Agnieszka Piasna
,
Brendan Burchell
,
Kirsten Sehnbruch
, and
Nurjk Agloni

personality evolved and contributed to the inclusion of personality measures in large data sets. This example illustrates that consensus can and should be achieved in defining and measuring highly complex phenomena. Against this background, in the section titled ‘A multi-level model for the measurement of job quality’ we propose a conceptual framework that aims at a better articulation of job quality by positioning it within macro drivers such as employment protection legislation, welfare regimes and labour market segmentation. Much in the spirit of the societal system

in Making work more equal
The effects of gender, households and ethnicity
Jacqueline O’Reilly
,
Mark Smith
, and
Paola Villa

relates to family background, a gender segregated labour market and the role of ethnicity. The economic crisis has exacerbated these disadvantages. The interdependency of 250 Making work more equal these dimensions subject young people to differing degrees of vulnerability to unemployment and precariousness in the labour market, depending on where they live and with whom. Surprisingly, little attention has been given to bringing together some of these distinct strands of research on new patterns of vulnerability and labour market segmentation that include an

in Making work more equal
Implications for jobs and inequality
Rosemary Batt
and
Eileen Appelbaum

extensive work on labour market segmentation, Rubery also emphasised that employers as a whole do not have a unified set of interests. Networked organisation: implications for jobs and inequality 71 As she and her colleagues wrote in Fragmenting Work: Blurring Organizational Boundaries and Disordering Hierarchies: The situating of employing organisations in a web of inter-organisational relations provides a framework through which we can understand the development of employment relations in the context of the restructuring of capital–capital relations. The twin

in Making work more equal
Annamaria Simonazzi

skills, experience and the firm’s specific capabilities, making them valuable to the firm, than with EPL. As labour market segmentation theory has long made clear, multiple factors lead to the differentiation of employment conditions and rewards and it is worker–capital divisions, rather than employment regulation, which are the main source of inequalities in the labour market (Rubery and Piasna, 2016). With increasing competition from low-cost countries in ‘mature’ products, and the swift path of technological change, even core male workers employed in sectors no

in Making work more equal
Tony Dundon
,
Miguel Martinez Lucio
,
Emma Hughes
,
Debra Howcroft
,
Arjan Keizer
, and
Roger Walden

since it enables them to evade employment protection legislation and the (stronger) bargaining power of SER workers. However, the rise in flexibility cannot be separated from financialisation, which has raised the demand for flexibility beyond operational considerations and workforce planning. An important aspect of the debates concerns labour market segmentation between ‘good’ jobs, defined by standard employment relationships, and ‘bad’ jobs characterised by, for, example, variable hours (part-time employment), employment insecurity (fixed-term contracts

in Power, politics and influence at work
Implications for low-wage employment
Saskia Sassen

, MD: Altamira Press, 87–106. Kazepov, Y. (ed.) (2005). Cities of Europe: Changing Contexts, Local Arrangements and the Challenge to Urban Cohesion. London: Blackwell. Kazepov, Y. (2008). The subsidiarisation of social policies: actors, processes and impacts. Some reflections on the Italian case from a European perspective. European Societies, 10(2): 247–73. Mingione, E. (1991). Fragmented Societies: A Sociology of Economic Life Beyond the Market Paradigm. Oxford: Blackwell. Mingione, E. (1995). Labour market segmentation and informal work. European Urban and

in Western capitalism in transition
The constructions of belonging
Jamie Goodwin-White

racialized and more useful investigations into the processes of segregation. Background Especially in the case of labour migrants, integration is often assessed along economic lines. A significant body of literature seeks to ascertain whether immigrants’ wages catch up with those of the native-born over time and across generations, and whether or not immigrants’ early labour market segmentation in host societies diminishes with time (Borjas, 1985, 1995; 3995 Migrations.qxd:text C ONTEXT , 5/8/13 11:39 SCALE AND GENERATION Page 215 215 Borjas and Katz, 2006; Card

in Migrations