Scenarios in south east Europe
Christian Giordano

4 Land reforms and ethnic tensions: scenarios in south east Europe Christian Giordano Introduction: ‘Staatsnation’ and the ‘purity myth’    and eastern Europe the specific combination of territory, language, creed with citizenship and/or nationality, is generally perceived as an invariable and inviolable heritage of individual and collective ‘identities’ (Conte 1995: 138). It is a widespread belief that can be found even in the most common aspects of everyday life. This belief reaches its political–institutional achievement in the concept of

in Potentials of disorder

The question of land in Ireland has long been at the heart of political, social and cultural debates. In eleven essays a group of authors including some of the most influential historians and social scientists of modern Ireland, and up-and-coming scholars, explore Ireland's land questions in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The book is divided into three sections, the first of which presents the current state of our understanding of the issue of land in Ireland in two survey essays that cover the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The book's second section presents a series of reflections in which historians and social scientists look back on how they have approached the topic of land in Ireland in their earlier writings. A third section presents some innovative new research on various aspects of the Irish land question.

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County Galway and the Irish Free State 1922–32
Author: Úna Newell

This book focuses on the historical debate beyond the Irish revolution and introduces a new study of post-revolutionary experience in Ireland at a county level. It begins to build an image of regional political and social life in the immediate post-revolutionary period. The book discusses the turbulent years of 1922 and 1923, the local electorate's endorsement of the Anglo-Irish Treaty and the beginning of domestic Irish politics in what was a vastly altered post-treaty world. The Anglo-Irish Treaty was signed in London and confirmed dominion status on a twenty-six-county Irish Free State. The book further examines four major themes in rural agrarian society: land, poverty, Irish language, and law and order. It establishes the level of deprivation in local society that the Cumann na nGaedheal government had to confront. Finally, the book attempts to relate the political record of the county to the existing socio-economic realities of local life. Particular emphasis is placed on the election campaigns, the issues involved, and the voting patterns and trends that emerged in Galway. In east Galway agrarian agitation shaped the nature of civil war violence. The civil war fanned a recrudescence in acute agrarian agitation in the west. In the aftermath of the civil war, the August 1923 general election was fought on the Free State government's terms.

The politics of land reform in twentieth-century Ireland
Tony Varley

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 08/06/2013, SPi 2 Tony Varley: Gaining ground, losing ground: the politics of land reform in twentieth-century Ireland Introduction Broadly speaking, state elites and organized political and class forces can be viewed as the central actors in the politics of land reform in liberal democracies.The centrality of state elites (governing politicians and senior officials) reflects the assumptions that land reform proposals must be devised and enacted into law to have any real impact and that state power must be deployed to implement land

in Land questions in modern Ireland
Revisiting Graziers, Land Reform and Political Conflict in Ireland
David Jones

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 08/01/2013, SPi 6 David Jones: The issue of land distribution: revisiting Graziers, Land Reform and Political Conflict in Ireland Introduction My book, Graziers, Land Reform and Political Conflict in Ireland, is an analysis of large grazing farmers (commonly called graziers or ranchers) in nineteenthand early twentieth-century Ireland.1 It examines their origins, characteristics and important but controversial role in Irish society, which led to conflict with the surrounding peasantry (what may be termed the ranching question). The

in Land questions in modern Ireland
Abstract only
Charles Mollan

astronomical research’ (Chapter 8), outlines what he has called the ‘Grand Amateur’ tradition of observational astronomy carried out by such people in observatories equipped with the latest equipment. Among these were William and John Herschel, William Wilson, Edward Joshua Cooper and John Birmingham. This volume ends with Trevor Weekes’s ‘The 3rd Earl of Rosse: an assessment’ (Chapter 10). He gives a mixed verdict. Rosse’s foresight about the significance of iron-clad ships, his recommendations on land reform and the hoped-for results from his telescopes did not have the

in William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse
Aiding Indians in need
A. Martin Wainwright

loyal and prosperous Henry Maine-style village communities, remodelled along English patterns of private ownership, but preserving the local caste hierarchy. As with previous British land reforms, however, this one went awry. A familiar pattern, dating back to the Permanent Settlement of 1793, reasserted itself, with landholders, particularly the ‘yeomen’, defaulting on debts to

in ‘The better class’ of Indians
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Doldrums years
Malcolm Chase

Bairstow was the sole signatory to the 1841 teetotal Chartist address present. However, through the revisions it made to the NCA’s internal governance, the 1843 Convention initiated a major reform. Henceforward, any financial problems related to securing sufficient income to operate effectively, but not to the personal honesty or competence of the executive. The 1843 Convention was the first occasion on which Chartism’s highest assembly debated land reform. Throughout 1843 the Northern Star extolled agrarian reform, giving lavish coverage to O’Connor’s increasingly

in Chartism
Alastair J. Reid

top priorities a democratic foreign policy and an ambitious programme of land reform. Far from watching passively from the sidelines until it was time to rubber-stamp the decisions of the party’s professional politicians, trade unionists, above all those from the craft sectors, were actively involved in the formulation and promotion of these policies. However, while they 9780719081033_2_C14.qxd 1/20/10 9:09 Page 327 John Hill and an independent Labour Party 327 may not have derived from a socialist commitment, their familiar characterisation as ‘right

in The tide of democracy
Open Access (free)

This book deals with the institutional framework in post-socialist, after-empire spaces. It consists of nine case studies and two contributions of a more theoretical nature. Each of these analytical narratives sheds some light on the micro-politics of organised violence. After 1990, Serbs and Croats were competing over access to the resources needed for institution building and state building. Fear in turn triggered ethnic mobilisation. An 'unprofessional' riot of Serbs in the Krajina region developed into a professional war between Serbs and Croats in Croatia, in which several thousand died and several hundred thousand people were forcefully expelled from their homes. The Herceg-Bosnian style of resistance can be surprisingly effective. It is known that most of the heroin transported along the Balkans route passes through the hands of Albanian mafia groups; that this traffic has taken off since summer 1999. The concept of Staatnation is based on the doctrine according to which each 'nation' must have its own territorial State and each State must consist of one 'nation' only. The slow decline and eventual collapse of the Soviet and the Yugoslav empires was partly triggered, partly accompanied by the quest for national sovereignty. Dagestan is notable for its ethnic diversity and, even by post-Soviet standards, its dramatic economic deprivation. The integrative potential of cooperative movements at the republican, the regional and the inter-state level for the Caucasus is analyzed. The book also offers insights into the economics of ending violence. Finally, it addresses the question of reconciliation after ethnic cleansing.