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A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

française et miliciens maï-maï de l’Est de la République démocratique du Congo (1996–2010)’ ( Masters 1 research thesis in Political Science, Institut d’études politiques de Lille, supervised by Sara Dezalay, defended on 6 June 2011, 161 pp. ). Brabant , J. ( 2013a ), ‘“Le grade, ça vient de la brousse”. Alliances et

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An oral history

This book provides a unique perspective on the Allied bombing of France during the Second World War which killed around 57,000 French civilians. Using oral history as well as archival research, it provides an insight into children's wartime lives in which bombing often featured prominently, even though it has slipped out of French collective memory. The book compares three French towns with different experiences of bombing: Boulogne-Billancourt , Brest, and Lille. Divided into three parts dealing with expectations, experiences and explanations of bombing, the book considers the child's view of wartime violence, analysing resilience, understanding and trauma. The first part of the book deals with the time before bombing. It examines how the French prepared for war and preparations made specifically for bombing, showing how state-level and municipal-level preparations. The second part considers the time during bombing and its aftermath. It discusses the experience of being bombed, examining children's practical, sensory and emotional responses. The fascinating and frightening scenes in the immediate aftermath of bombing that made lasting impressions on children, including destruction, chaos and encounters with violent, public death. Changes in status as a result of bombing becoming a sinistre, refugee or evacuee had far-reaching consequences in some children's lives, affecting their education and economic situation. The last section looks at the way in which air raids were explained to the French population. It considers the propaganda that criticised and defended the Allies, and an understanding of the history of Vichy.

Andrew Brown
Graeme Small

I: BURGUNDIAN SPECTACLES Introduction Describing the spectacular extravagance on display at the Feast of the Pheasant, held by Duke Philip the Good at Lille, prompted Huizinga to ask the question: ‘Are we to take all this seriously?’ The answer, he implies, is ‘no’. The vows that Duke Philip and more than 100 courtiers

in Court and civic society in the Burgundian Low Countries c.1420–1530
Abstract only
Lindsey Dodd

damaged the Salmson factory, SNCAC, Glacières de Paris, Kellner, Niepce, Waroguet and Paz et Silva, all industrial works and local employers.5 The raid on Lille-Délivrance of 10 April 1944 wrecked the station and its v 120 v In the aftermath yards, tracks, rolling stock and workshops, and textile factories Laurent, Delsalle-Desandt, Nicolle, Mourmant, Thiriez and Fremau were damaged or destroyed, plus Delannoy’s Garage, the Dion and Vandeure factories, the Danel printers, Mory’s factory, the oil refinery Huileries du Nord, and the Kuhlman and Novo chemical plants. The

in French children under the Allied bombs, 1940–45
Abstract only
Lindsey Dodd

towns of Boulogne-Billancourt, Brest and Lille. These archives, full of reports, circulars, letters and posters, reveal the administrative framework within which events occurred and illuminate the responses and actions of municipality, département and state. But they contain few voices of bombed people, and none of children. In 2009 I interviewed thirty-six French people who were bombed as children, most of them from the three case-study towns and some from elsewhere; these interviews provide a way into micro-level responses to and retrospective interpretations of

in French children under the Allied bombs, 1940–45
Barry M. Doyle

cities of Leeds, Sheffield, and Middlesbrough, and the northern French cities of Lille, Rouen, and Le Havre, 8 it will examine how hospitals were financed; who paid for hospital care and cure? Which groups of patients had access to hospitals? And how (by what means) were hospitals managed and by whom? For hospital accounting was linked to medical knowledge and patient care, as the knowledge about (sources of) income and (future) expenditures shaped the nature of the services delivered. Focusing on the period between the

in Accounting for health
Hans Christian Andersen and Selma Lagerlöf
Maria Holmgren Troy
Sofia Wijkmark

: ‘Den lille Havfrue’ (1837; ‘The Little Mermaid’, 1846), ‘Snedronningen’ (1844; ‘The Snow Queen’, 1847) and ‘De vilde Svaner’ (1838; ‘The Wild Swans’, 1846). The first two are the inspiration for two of the most popular Disney films of all time, The Little Mermaid (1989) and Frozen (2013), and the connection between Nordic Gothic and a global, commercial phenomenon such as Disney is one important reason behind the choice of Andersen's fairy tales for this chapter. What the literal Disneyfication of the two stories has meant for the Gothic content will be briefly

in Nordic Gothic
Abstract only
John H. Arnold
Peter Biller

region where direct inquisitorial repression was not as effective as it was in Languedoc. 1 Southern France has much less to show, after the four-part treatise (including parts against Cathars and Waldensians) written by Alan of Lille, extracts of which are provided in translation by Wakefield and Evans. 2 The Summa of Authorities in Doc. 11 provides a textual correlative of the authority-bashing polemics in debates between Catholics, heretics and (sometimes) Waldensians of the late twelfth and early thirteenth centuries. 3 One

in Heresy and inquisition in France, 1200-1300
Poetic tradition in The Parliament of Fowls and the Mutabilitie Cantos
Craig Berry

, who arrives on Arlo Hill early in canto vii to adjudicate the dispute between Jove and Mutabilitie, Spenser sends us to Alan of Lille, whose authoritative description of the goddess’s clothing appears in his De planctu naturae . In mentioning Alan, Spenser reminds us that Chaucer invokes Alan’s authority for the same purpose in The Parliament of Fowls . Critics who have taken this double acknowledgement as a serious statement about Spenser’s literary debts have often concerned themselves either with elucidating the

in Rereading Chaucer and Spenser
James E. Connolly

German culture humiliating and insulting. Trollin described the opening of Lille’s theatre, which hosted German plays and operas throughout the occupation, as a ‘Supreme insult!!’9 Similarly, after seeing the replacement of the French flag with the German one at the hôtel de ville of Roubaix –​a commonplace policy10 –​Blin remarked, ‘Oh shame!’11 Furthermore, many Catholics perceived the presence of Protestant Prussians in their churches as a profanation –​not only did Protestant mass take place here, but sometimes churches became barracks.12 The purpose of symbolic

in The experience of occupation in the Nord, 1914– 18