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Anna Barton

mistaken engagement with German metaphysics. At the same time, Loesberg’s work is instructive in the nuanced attention that it pays to the reception of Kant in Britain, making way for further re-examination of Kant’s influence on British literature at the beginning of the nineteenth century. This leads to my interest in John Locke, the philosopher whose ‘sandy sophisms’ were, for Coleridge and many of his Romantic contemporaries, overthrown by the less grainy forms of Kantian aestheticism (Coleridge, 1959 : 969), and a

in Interventions
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Susannah Nadler

In this article, I propose that the key to the underlying dissidence of M. G. Lewis‘s The Monk lies in the novel s depiction of consent, a fundamental principle in late eighteenth-century British discourse. For British thinkers of all stripes, a government and populace that valued consent made Britain the greatest nation in the world; The Monk disrupts this worldview by portraying consent, whether express or tacit, political or sexual, as incoherent. By depicting consent as illegible and pervasively undermining the distinction between consent and coercion, The Monk effectually threatens a value that rested at the core of late eighteenth-century British identity.

Gothic Studies
Making Sense of Hogg‘s Body of Evidence
Joel Faflak

This paper explores the occult relationship between modern psychoanalysis and the pre-Freudian psychoanalysis of James Hogg‘s 1824 Gothic novel, The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner. Haunted by the ghosts of Mesmerism and of Calvinisms rabidly contagious religious fervour, Hogg‘s novel explodes post-Lockean paradigms of the subject for a post-Romantic British culture on the eve of the Empire. Turning back to Scotland‘s turbulent political and religious history, the novel looks forward to the problems of Empire by turning Locke‘s sense-making and sensible subject into the subject of an unconscious ripe for ideological exploitation, a subject mesmerized by the process of making sense of himself.

Gothic Studies
The impossibility of reason

This book presents an overview of Jean–Jacques Rousseau's work from a political science perspective. Was Rousseau — the great theorist of the French Revolution—really a conservative? The text argues that the author of ‘The Social Contract’ was a constitutionalist much closer to Madison, Montesquieu, and Locke than to revolutionaries. Outlining his profound opposition to Godless materialism and revolutionary change, this book finds parallels between Rousseau and Burke, as well as showing that Rousseau developed the first modern theory of nationalism. It presents an integrated political analysis of Rousseau's educational, ethical, religious and political writings.

This volume of twelve essays, preceded by an introduction that succinctly frames the problematic and history of the notion of the ‘self’, examines the various ways the ‘self’ was perceived, fashioned and written in the course of the long eighteenth century in Great Britain. It highlights, in particular, the interface between literature and philosophy. The chapters include discussion of philosophers such as Locke, Shaftesbury, Mandeville, Hume, Hutcheson and Smith, churchmen such as Isaac Barrow and John Tillotson, the novelists Eliza Haywood, Samuel Richardson and Laurence Sterne, the poets Anne Killigrew, Alexander Pope, William Blake and William Wordsworth, the writers and sometime diarists Samuel Johnson and James Boswell, and the radical writer Sampson Perry.

The originality of the studies lies in their focus on the varied ways of seeing and saying the self, and what Locke called personal identity. They foreground the advent of a recognisably modern, individualistic and ‘sustainable’ self, which, still today, remains plural and enigmatic. The book should appeal to a wide public, both undergraduate and graduate students working in Literature and the Humanities, in particular those interested in the Enlightenment period, as well as researchers and the general public interested in questions related to identity and consciousness and their formulation in the past and present.

The volume follows a chronological narrative which surveys the intriguing and protean nature of the ‘self’ from varied perspectives and as expressed in different genres. It assembles contributions from both confirmed and young researchers from Britain, Europe and the United States.

John Locke on legislative limits, prerogative and popular sovereignty
Nathan Pinkoski

fact challenge traditional constitutional principles. 3 In light of these debates, it is worth examining John Locke’s position on legislative supremacy and legislative sovereignty, because the United States and United Kingdom are regarded as modified Lockean commonwealths

in People power
Aidan Beatty

I don’t feel that we did wrong in taking this great country away from the Indians. There were great numbers of people who needed new land, and the Indians were selfish trying to keep it for themselves. John Wayne 1 The ‘First treatise’ In the beginning was the Word; and no private property. John Locke’s ‘First’ and ‘Second treatises on government’ – published anonymously in 1689 and reflective of the ideas of the Glorious Revolution of 1688

in Private property and the fear of social chaos
Cognitive ableism in Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels
D. Christoper Gabbard

, was privileged more and more by those seeking to curb the monarch’s prerogatives and create a political order in which power devolved to individuals. Laying out the terms of this new order, John Locke invoked social contract theory, and argued that a society composed of freely associating individuals would be governed through reciprocal contracts. In making this argument, he maintained that the parties to these contracts would need to possess sufficient mental capability to understand the agreements into which they were entering. In sum, they would require

in Intellectual disability
Tim Stainton

to prove the primacy of sensual experience over innate ideas in the development of human understanding. As Itard notes of his observations of Victor, ‘If they are collected, methodically classified and correctly evaluated we shall have material proof of the most important truths, truths which Locke and Condillac were able to discover by the power of their genius and the depths of their meditations alone’.2 With Victor, Itard hoped to deliver the coup de grace in this debate by showing that, with the proper sensory stimulation, Victor could be raised from his

in Intellectual disability