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Author: Simon Walker

Simon Walker studied modern history at Magdelen College, Oxford, graduating with first-class honours in 1979. When Walker began researching the retinue of John of Gaunt in 1980, 'bastard feudalism' had been the subject of debate for thirty-five years. A study of John of Gaunt's retinue could be expected to throw important, if not decisive, light on these problems. For not only was his the largest retinue in late medieval England, but for thirty years the duke himself had a dominant role in the domestic, military and diplomatic policy of England. In 1994, Michael Jones and Walker published for the Camden Society an edition of all the surviving private life indentures for peace and war apart from those of John of Gaunt and William, Lord Hastings. Walker's introduction to the volume reviewed the evolution of life indentures, the range of services they embraced, the regulation of obligations for service and reward, and the changing role of such indentures over the period 1278-1476. From these broad investigations into the balance of power between magnates and gentry, Walker returned to examine how, in individual cases, two men from different backgrounds built their careers on noble and royal patronage. Walker then turned to examine the retrospective view of the 1399 revolution in literate culture. He used case studies to build up a picture of collective mentalities among different social grades and vocational worlds, hoping ultimately to construct a new approach to the tensions and strength of the late medieval polity.

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James Doelman

, national guilt: that the deaths represented the national apostasy of civil war. 5 The volume on the death of Henry Lord Hastings prompted the collaborative volume Lachrymae Musarum (1649), which featured an impressive range of major poets: Herrick, Denham, Marvell, and Dryden. Both in title and in breadth of illustrious authorship, it recalls the major volume commemorating Prince Henry, Lachrimae

in The daring muse of the early Stuart funeral elegy
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Peter Fleming

1453 these constituted nothing more than Calais and its immediate environs. Before England’s military collapse, there were ample opportunities for military and administrative service, as well as landholding, in Gascony and, following Henry V’s conquests, Normandy. To take two examples among many, the Kentish knight Sir John Scott was marshal of Calais under William, Lord Hastings in the 1470s, and Sir

in Gentry culture in late-medieval England
Author: Alannah Tomkins

Victorian medical men could suffer numerous setbacks on their individual paths to professionalisation, and Thomas Elkanah Hoyle's career offers a telling exemplar. This book addresses a range of the financial, professional, and personal challenges that faced and sometimes defeated the aspiring medical men of England and Wales. Spanning the decades 1780-1890, from the publication of the first medical directory to the second Medical Registration Act, it considers their careers in England and Wales, and in the Indian Medical Service. The book questions the existing picture of broad and rising medical prosperity across the nineteenth century to consider the men who did not keep up with professionalising trends. Financial difficulty was widespread in medical practice, and while there are only a few who underwent bankruptcy or insolvency identified among medical suicides, the fear of financial failure could prove a powerful motive for self-destruction. The book unpicks the life stories of men such as Henry Edwards, who could not sustain a professional persona of disinterested expertise. In doing so it uncovers the trials of the medical marketplace and the pressures of medical masculinity. The book also considers charges against practitioners that entailed their neglect, incompetence or questionable practice which occasioned a threat to patients' lives. The occurrence and reporting of violent crime by medical men, specifically serious sexual assault and murder is also discussed. A tiny proportion of medical practitioners also experienced life as a patient in an asylum.

Steven N. Zwicker

verse; he wrote commemorative verse on Francis Lord Villiers, Royalist soldier and son of the Duke of Buckingham, slain in the Civil Wars; he wrote and signed commendatory verse to that perfect Cavalier, Richard Lovelace; he contributed to the book of elegies on Lord Hastings; later he wrote Latin distiches for Louis XIV’s Louvre. At some point, perhaps June or July of 1650, he commemorated, and in a manner that seems altogether superior to partisan response, the most transfixing event of a century full of transfixing events: the execution of Charles I and the

in Texts and readers in the Age of Marvell
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Two versions of tyrannicide in Richard III
Ann Kaegi

exploiting her sexual hold over the King to confine her opponents to the Tower: Was it not she and that goodman of worship Anthony Woodville, her brother there, That made him send Lord Hastings to the Tower, From whence this present day he is

in The Renaissance of emotion
Venus and Adonis in Spenser’s Garden, Shakespeare’s Epyllion, and Richard III’s England
Anne Lake Prescott

poet Collingbourne when explaining his imprudent lines on Richard as England’s hog—and defending a poet’s right to free speech. The most vivid, if hardly the most poetically adroit, description of Richard explicitly links him to the seasons, if not precisely to the equinoxes. Richard enters the council chamber, hot for Lord Hastings’ blood

in Shakespeare and Spenser
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Alison Truelove

themselves, especially if they had access to secretarial assistance, demonstrated to the recipient a certain humility and respect, such as when John Paston III signed a letter in 1476 to his social superior, Lord Hastings, ‘wyth the hand of your most humble seruaunt and beedman’ ( PL 370). Undoubtedly, an autograph document was regarded as an authoritative and trustworthy record of

in Gentry culture in late-medieval England
R. N. Swanson

and his issue ... is to be expended for the souls of me, my wives, our children, our ancestors, my cousin Hotoft and other cousins, and for the souls of my good Lord William, late Lord Hastings, and others for whom I am obliged to pray, and for the well-being of my good lady, Lady Hastings, and Lord Hastings and Lady Hungerford and my executors, and for their souls when they have died, in deeds of

in Catholic England
A Mirror for Magistrates and early English tragedy
Jessica Winston

’ and the tragedy of the Duke of Buckingham, while John Dolman contributed the tragedy of Lord Hastings. 5 As Harvey mentions, Gorboduc and Jocasta were played for audiences at the Inns of Court, yet the Mirror involves performance as well. Each author

in Shakespeare’s histories and counter-histories