Madrid on the move is a full-length monograph on illustrated print culture and the urban experience in nineteenth-century Spain. It provides a fresh account of modernity by looking beyond its canonical texts, artworks, and locations and exploring what being modern meant to people in their daily lives. The nineteenth century marked a crucial moment for cities across the West. Urbanisation, technological innovations, and the development of a mass culture yielded new forms of spectatorship and experiencing city life. Madrid underwent these processes just as many other European capitals did, and, as a result, the effects of urban and social change were at the heart of the growing number of circulating images and texts. Rather than shifting the loci of modernity from Paris or London to Madrid, this book decentres the concept and explains the modern experience as part of a more fluid, wider phenomenon. Meanings of the modern were not only dictated by linguistic authorities and urban technocrats; they were discussed, lived, and constructed on a daily basis. Cultural actors and audiences continuously redefined what being modern entailed and explored the links between the local and the global, two concepts and contexts that were being conceived and perceived as inseparable. Across images and printed media – from illustrated magazines, caricatures, and postcards to journalistic writing, guidebooks, and maps – what surfaced was an acute awareness of the demands of modernisation and a feeling of forming part of (whether half-heartedly or with conviction) an increasingly entangled world.
La vida de Madrid Muchas cosas me admiran en este mundo: esto prueba que mi alma debe pertenecer a la clase vulgar, al justo medio de las almas; sólo a las muy superiores, o a las muy estúpidas, les es dado no admirarse de nada. Para aquéllas no hay cosa que valga algo; para éstas, no hay cosa que valga nada. Colocada la mía a igual distancia de las unas y de las otras, confieso que vivo todo de admiración, y estoy tanto más distante de ellas cuanto menos concibo que se pueda vivir sin admirar. Cuando en un día de esos en que un insomnio prolongado o un
In order to appreciate Madrid’s cultural renaissance in the early 1980s, it is first necessary to understand how and why it lagged behind the Catalan capital in the aftermath of Franco’s death despite, or perhaps even because of, the fact that, in Joan Ramón Resina’s diagnosis, ‘Barcelona was structurally unhinged, architecturally disgraced, socially torn apart, and cultural split.’ 1 According to Federico Jiménez Losantos: ‘At the beginning of the 1970s, thousands and thousands of young people from all over Spain came to Barcelona in search of
Chapter 5 . Managing the news during Prince Charles’s trip to Madrid, 1623 Introduction C harles’s and Buckingham’s trip to Spain in 1623 has been much studied. Historians have tried to understand what motivated the Prince and Duke to travel to Madrid and why the negotiations they conducted there for a Spanish match ultimately broke down.1 While contributing to debates about the rationale for the trip and the reasons for its failure, the primary aim of this chapter is to use these events as a case study of the management of information. James’s efforts to
where MSF has its added value, and after seeing the health system was on the verge of collapse, MSF directly collaborated with local authorities responding to COVID-19. Initial efforts focused on proposing and executing solutions for the decongestion of hospital emergency services, the supply of oxygen and the maintenance of referral systems in the two regions with the highest morbidity and mortality, Madrid and Barcelona. Once the intervention had started, it soon became
Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, Spain has experienced a cycle of exhumations of the mass graves of the Spanish Civil War (1936–39) and has rediscovered that the largest mass grave of the state is the monument that glorifies the Franco regime: the Valley of the Fallen. Building work in the Sierra de Guadarrama, near Madrid, was begun in 1940 and was not completed until 1958. This article analyses for the first time the regimes wish, from the start of the works, for the construction of the Valley of the Fallen to outdo the monument of El Escorial. At the same time the regime sought to create a new location to sanctify the dictatorship through the vast transfer to its crypts of the remains of the dead of the opposing sides of the war.
Immigration is relatively new in Spain, and hence government policies are struggling to manage the diversity it entails. This book examines the social conditions and political questions surrounding Spanish diversity, and gives a comprehensive view on how Spain is orienting its diversity management following a practical approach. It also examines specific immigrant nationalities, current institutional practices and normative challenges on how Spain is managing diversity. The mosque debate and the effects of the Danish Cartoon Affair on the traditional moros and cristianos festivals are explored. The book addresses the context of educational challenges related to immigration, and the policy approaches to the management of immigration-related diversity in education. It discusses policies and practices to combat discrimination in the labour market, with special reference to the transposition and implementation of the EU anti-discrimination directives. The book looks at political participation and representation of immigrants by describing the public debate on voting rights, the legal framework and the various debates about the possibilities for granting immigrants voting rights. This is done through an analysis of the Foro para la Integracion de los Inmigrantes (FII), and the main characteristics of the management of immigrant associations by the City Councils of Madrid and Barcelona. The book concludes that Spain is a laboratory for diversities, with a 'practical philosophy' of diversity management within a complex identitarian, historical and structural context that limits policy innovation and institutional change.
The transition to democracy that followed the death of Spanish dictator Francisco Franco in 1975 was once hailed as a model of political transformation. But since the 2008 financial crisis it has come under intense scrutiny. Today, a growing divide exists between advocates of the Transition and those who see it as the source of Spain’s current socio-political bankruptcy. This book revisits the crucial period from 1962 to 1992, exposing the networks of art, media and power that drove the Transition and continue to underpin Spanish politics in the present. Drawing on rare archival materials and over 300 interviews with politicians, artists, journalists and ordinary Spaniards, including former Prime Minister Felipe Gonzalez (1982–96), Following Franco unlocks the complex and often contradictory narratives surrounding the foundation of contemporary Spain.
creation of a visual language that at once tackled international issues and highlighted local idiosyncrasies, paving the way for a citizenry that was not only visually educated but was also globally attuned to local contexts. Illustrated papers in Madrid and across Europe shared similar objectives: to sustain a stable readership, to communicate with readers visually, and to attract readers’ attention (and money) through images. In the mid-nineteenth century, several forms of print and visual culture emerged in Spanish city centres. The reign of Queen Isabel II (1833
A heated discussion arose in Madrid’s main illustrated newspaper in 1871. The editor of La Ilustración Española y Americana published a somewhat acrimonious piece aimed at another well-known periodical of the time, New York’s Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper . 1 The Spanish editor openly disapproved of an illustration the other publication had printed earlier that month depicting Madrid’s main square, the Puerta del Sol. The image that created such fuss had intended to capture the anticipation surrounding the proclamation of the new progressive