additions to the Maryborough Asylum had kept the line of the original building, extending it laterally and eastwards as demand dictated, but never obscuring the west-facing facade. Architecturally, the Maryborough Asylum is a good example of an Irish provincial asylum built in the first half of the nineteenth century; it is also a good example of the extent to which these buildings were adapted significantly over time to cope with overcrowding, increased demand on services, and changes in patient management. At the Maryborough Asylum, as in other contemporaneous asylums
A move into theatre management opened up the possibility of amassing
greater profits, gave the actress more autonomy and offered her the advantage
of being physically located in one place for a sustained period of time. Aside
from any personal gains, the practice is significant from a wider perspective
for, as Tracy C. Davis confirms ‘in nineteenth-century Britain, theatre is
the only branch of industry or commerce where women, in significant
numbers were up-front business executives’ (T. C. Davis, 2000a: 273). Despite
the occasional misogynistic
Immigration is relatively new in Spain, and hence government policies are struggling to manage the diversity it entails. This book examines the social conditions and political questions surrounding Spanish diversity, and gives a comprehensive view on how Spain is orienting its diversity management following a practical approach. It also examines specific immigrant nationalities, current institutional practices and normative challenges on how Spain is managing diversity. The mosque debate and the effects of the Danish Cartoon Affair on the traditional moros and cristianos festivals are explored. The book addresses the context of educational challenges related to immigration, and the policy approaches to the management of immigration-related diversity in education. It discusses policies and practices to combat discrimination in the labour market, with special reference to the transposition and implementation of the EU anti-discrimination directives. The book looks at political participation and representation of immigrants by describing the public debate on voting rights, the legal framework and the various debates about the possibilities for granting immigrants voting rights. This is done through an analysis of the Foro para la Integracion de los Inmigrantes (FII), and the main characteristics of the management of immigrant associations by the City Councils of Madrid and Barcelona. The book concludes that Spain is a laboratory for diversities, with a 'practical philosophy' of diversity management within a complex identitarian, historical and structural context that limits policy innovation and institutional change.
The Barents Sea fish resources have for centuries constituted a main
foundation for life in the northern parts of Fennoscandia. As follows
from Chapter 1, these resources have since the mid-1970s been
managed by a bilateral Norwegian–Russian regime, which in turn
partly serves to spur the implementation of these countries’ obligations in accordance with global and regional fisheries agreements.
The main objective of this chapter is to discuss how Russian authorities since the break-up of the Soviet Union have implemented their
This book provides a definitive examination of higher education: exploring its nature and purpose, and locating it in the context of the state and the market. It presents new research on an elite group: senior managers in universities. They are relatively powerful in relation to their students and staff but relatively powerless in relation to wider neo-liberal forces. Written in a clear, student friendly, accessible style, and drawing on policy analysis and interviews with those at the top three levels of university management, it provides an in-depth analysis of the structures, cultures and practices at that level and locates these in a cross national context. Through the eyes of these senior managers, we are able to understand this gendered world, where four fifths of those in these positions are men, and to consider the implications of this in a world where diversity is crucial for innovation. Despite the managerialist rhetoric of accountability, we see structures where access to power is effectively through the Presidents’ ‘blessing,’ very much as in a medieval court. We see a culture that is less than comfortable with the presence of women, and which in its narratives, stereotypes and interactions exemplifies a rather 19th century view of women. Sites and agents of change are identified: both in the universities and in the wider international policy context. Essential for undergraduate and postgraduate students and their lecturers in education, management, sociology policy and gender studies, it will challenge them to critically reflect on management and on higher education.
hospitals by such semi-religious and lay groups. 2 This chapter will examine the operational structure of hospitals, including jurisdictional oversight, management, and operations of these organizations. In the twelfth through the fourteenth centuries religious institutions and an increasingly active lay religious citizenry created a symbiotic yet increasingly competitive relationship in their governance and management of these charitable institutions.
In 1168, the archbishop of Milan issued a ‘ statuto ad opera ’ to the Ospedale Brolo in Milan
This book shows that neoliberalism is a complex phenomenon that is linked to public administration and management in no straightforward manner. The key problem for critical neoliberalism is how the state can and should govern in a situation of epistemological finitude without infringing on individual freedom. The book explores neoliberalism first in terms of a critical problematisation of government and then in terms of a constructivist problematisation. Over the last two or three decades, the public sectors of many liberal democracies have seen a tremendous surge of reforms, programmes and policies seeking to promote accountability, credibility and evidence. These include the institutionalisation of ever more sophisticated performance-measurement systems and the accreditation of institutions providing key public services. The ambition is to move from a rule-based to a result-based public sector. The book examines how performance auditing of state and other public institutions has become increasingly important in most OECD countries. It discusses the general shifts in the regulative ideals informing the making of the civil-servant persona in liberal democracies. The quest for accountability, credibility and the use of evidence in the public administration are examples of a more or less new form of power. This form of power is in turn informed by what the author calls 'constructivist neoliberalism'.
Waste is not just an environmental problem but one that pertains to socio-economic spheres and intensive public discourse, and affects a variety of interests and stakeholders. This observation emphasises that waste management is a distinctive sustainable development challenge and the economic, social, governance and environmental spheres must be taken into account in order to understand the challenge of implementation. Whilst EU waste legislation is reasonably well transposed into national legislation (although sometimes with significant delays) the lack of its ‘real
Donors, public finance and
There is a high level of agreement
between most donor organisations on the centrality of public finance
management (PFM) for effective government and economic stability, and
broad concurrence on the policies and systems that constitute good
management of public finances. Although the ‘neo
Management and labour
Most descriptions of the production process in late nineteenth- and early
twentieth-century British shipyards present it for the sake of clarity as
a series of logically ordered steps.1 Such a tour would normally begin
with the offices (in the bottom right-hand corner of Figure 2.1), where
managers and clerks arranged contracts and ordered materials, and
draughtsmen prepared the working plans for construction. Then it would
move on to the nearby pattern shop and mould loft, where