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Experiencing and imagining the military in the long nineteenth century

This collection explores the role of martial masculinities in shaping nineteenth-century British culture and society in a period framed by two of the greatest wars the world had ever known and punctuated by many smaller conflicts. Bringing together contributions from a diverse range of leading scholars, it offers fresh, interdisciplinary perspectives on an emerging field of study. Chapters in this volume draw on historical, literary, visual and musical sources to demonstrate the centrality of the military and its masculine dimensions in the shaping of Victorian and Edwardian personal and national identities. Focusing on both the experience of military service and its imaginative forms, it examines such topics as bodies and habits, families and domesticity, heroism and chivalry, religion and militarism, and youth and fantasy. The collection is divided into two sections: ‘experiencing’ and ‘imagining’ military masculinities. This division represents the two principal areas of investigation for scholars working in this field. The section on experience considers the realities of military life in this period, and asks to what extent they produced a particular kind of gendered identity. The second section moves on to explore the wider impact of martial masculinities on culture and society, asking whether nineteenth-century Britain can be regarded as a warrior nation. These two sections ultimately demonstrate that the reception, representation and replication of masculine values in Britain during this period was far more complex than might be assumed.

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Urban versus rural in City Slickers and Hunter’s Blood
David Bell

This chapter builds on my previous interests in the cinematic countryside and in constructions of urban and rural masculinities (Bell, 1997 ; 2000 ). It seeks to make a modest contribution to the growing body of work on gender and the rural, and more specifically on the relationships between rurality and masculinity (for an overview, see Little, 2002 ). My aim (to borrow from Rachel

in Cinematic countrysides
Wilde’s Art
Andrew Smith

Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), and Dorian Gray. As already suggested, one principal issue at the time which relates to masculinity and desire concerns visibility and invisibility, it is one which is addressed through Wilde’s particular construction of Camp. Camp Thomas A. King has persuasively argued, in historicist terms, that the performative aspects of Camp

in Victorian demons
Sherlock Holmes, Count Dracula and London
Andrew Smith

Sherlock Holmes’s association with an abstracted, instrumental and superior gaze has suggested to critics the presence of a specifically masculine intellect, one which is contrasted, in the tales, with images of feminine irrationality. 1 Joseph A. Kestner in Sherlock’s Men: Masculinity .; Conan Doyle, and Cultural History (1997) suggests that rationality was

in Victorian demons
The Public Service Commission, 1886–87
Mrinalini Sinha

reform in India. Indeed, the Public Service Commission did more than simply ignore native claims to higher employment in the public administration in India. Rather, by reorganising the civil service along the lines of a specifically sectarian definition of colonial masculinity, which simultaneously provided a provincial and religious context for native masculinity and an imperial context for ‘English

in Colonial masculinity
Philip Proudfoot

sum, now begun to break down. In what follows we will examine the material impact of these worsening socio-economic predicaments through the lenses of masculinity and rebel populist politics. 10 I argue that, in the absence of any coherent hegemonic revolutionary ideology, masculinity and its contradictions was, for those with little prior former political experience, a central component through which

in Rebel populism
The 2011 ‘riots’ in context
Adam Elliott-Cooper

figure lurking in the cities, that enables politicians, the police, the press and eventually ‘common-sense’ racism, to legitimise the policies necessary to ‘police the crisis’. 7 This chapter analyses political rhetoric, the conservative press and the policing of Black men to unpack the ways in which Black masculinity is framed as deviant, dangerous and alien to Britain. It is contrasted with legitimate white masculinities that manifest themselves through success in the market economy, state power, or the nuclear family. Building on the previous chapter, I argue that

in Black resistance to British policing
Lisa Downing

career to date (the 1980s and 1990s), focus thematically and generically upon male relationships and foreground certain male actors (Jean Rochefort, Alain Delon, Jean-Paul Belmondo) in such a way as to contribute to, exploit or skew their existing star images. In his choice of generic mode, cast and subject matter, Leconte puts masculinity relentlessly on display. It is my contention that Leconte’s films demonstrate ways

in Patrice Leconte
Men in the public asylums, 1860s-1900s
Catharine Coleborne

. This practice would help to ameliorate anxieties about colonial masculinity and its failures. Publishing more than twenty years apart about newcomers to the colony of Victoria, contemporary writers N. W. Pollard and W. J. Woods both suggested what other commentators had also come to suspect about the dangers inherent in migrant populations: that the weak, ill, dissolute, or lazy would find their way into

in Insanity, identity and empire
From letterpress to offset-lithography
Jesse Adams Stein

4 The continuity of craft masculinities: from letterpress to offset-lithography I could still get on there and operate that, you know.1 – Norm Rigney, former letterpress-machinist Letterpress printing has traditional associations with craftsmanship and masculinity, where a press-machinist’s technologies, tools and manual skill were powerful indicators of identity and social status. But what happened to letterpress-machinists between the 1960s and the 1980s, when the printing industry underwent dramatic technological change? Letterpress had been the dominant

in Hot metal