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The growth of legal consciousness from Magna Carta to the Peasants’ Revolt
Author: Anthony Musson

This book is intended as both a history of judicial developments in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries and as a contribution to the intellectual history of the period. The dates 1215 and 1381 mark significant turning points in English history. The product of legal culture and experiences, 'legal consciousness' can be seen both as an active element shaping people's values, beliefs and aspirations and also as a passive agent providing a reserve of knowledge, memory and reflective thought, influencing not simply the development of the law and legal system, but also political attitudes. Focusing on the different contexts of law and legal relations, the book aims to shift the traditional conceptual boundaries of 'law', portraying both the law's inherent diversity and its multi-dimensional character. By offering a re-conceptualisation of the role of the law in medieval England, the book aims to engage the reader in new ways of thinking about the political events occurring during these centuries. It considers the long-term effects of civil lawyer, Master John Appleby's encounter with forces questioning royal government and provides a new explanation for the dangerous state of affairs faced by the boy-king during the Peasants' Revolt over a century and a half later. The book puts forward the view that the years subsequent to the signing of Magna Carta yielded a new (and shifting) perspective, both in terms of prevailing concepts of 'law' and 'justice' and with regard to political life in general.

Anthony Musson

‘quorum’ for the march area in 1373 was the civil lawyer, Master John Appleby, dean of St Paul’s Cathedral in London. 51 The religious side influenced the secular world of law both in terms of substantive legal principles and in the psychological overlap between law and morality. In addition to their invocations of divine law, biblical quotations and elements of sermonising, some legal texts of the

in Medieval law in context
Anthony Musson

Appleby of Carlisle, one of the wardens of the royal march, was expected to perform his duties and turn up at court sessions in spite of his reservations at the weight of business and its suitability for a clergyman. In the context of Scottish border peace commissions, one of the first appointments to the post1344 style ‘quorum’ for the march area in 1373 was the civil lawyer, Master John Appleby, dean of St Paul’s Cathedral in London.31 The presence of William Alnwick, bishop of Lincoln, at peace sessions in Bedfordshire in 1437 was probably intended to enhance the

in Judicial tribunals in England and Europe, 1200–1700