Fabien Provost

In contemporary forensic medicine, in India, the label of complete autopsy applies to a whole range of post-mortem examinations which can present consid- erable differences in view of the intellectual resources, time, personnel and material means they involve. From various sources available in India and elsewhere, stems the idea that, whatever the type of case and its apparent obviousness, a complete autopsy implies opening the abdomen, the thorax and the skull and dissecting the organs they contain. Since the nineteenth century, procedural approaches of complete autopsies have competed with a practical sense of completeness which requires doctors to think their cases according to their history. Relying on two case studies observed in the frame of an ethnographic study of eleven months in medical colleges of North India, the article suggests that the practical completeness of autopsies is attained when all aspects of the history of the case are made sense of with regard to the observation of the body. Whereas certain autopsies are considered obvious and imply a reduced amount of time in the autopsy room, certain others imply successive redefinitions of what complete implies and the realisation of certain actions which would not have been performed otherwise.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Suhad Daher-Nashif

This article aims to shed light on the post-mortem practices for Palestinian dead bodies when there is suspicion of human rights violations by Israeli military forces. By focusing on the case of Omran Abu Hamdieh from Al-Khalil (Hebron), the article explores the interactions between Palestinian social-institutional agents, Israeli military forces and international medico-legal agents. Drawing on ethnographic and archival data, the article explores how the intersectionality between the various controlling powers is inscribed over the Palestinian dead bodies and structures their death rites. The article claims that inviting foreign medico-legal experts in the Palestinian context could reveal the true death story and the human rights violations, but also reaffirms the sovereignty of the Israeli military forces over the Palestinian dead and lived bodies.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Marco Aurelio Guimarães, Raffaela Arrabaça Francisco, Martin Evison, Edna Sadayo Miazato Iwamura, Carlos Eduardo Palhares Machado, Ricardo Henrique Alves da Silva, Maria Eliana Castro Pinheiro, Diva Santana and Julie Alvina Guss Patrício

Exhumation may be defined as the legally sanctioned excavation and recovery of the remains of lawfully buried or – occasionally – cremated individuals, as distinct from forensic excavations of clandestinely buried remains conducted as part of a criminal investigation and from unlawful disinterment of human remains, commonly referred to as bodysnatching. The aim of this article is to review the role of exhumation – so defined – in the activities of CEMEL, the Medico-Legal Centre of the Ribeirão Preto Medical School-University of São Paulo, in international, regional and local collaborations. Exhumations form part of routine forensic anthropology casework; scientific research in physical and forensic anthropology; and forensic casework conducted in collaboration with the Brazilian Federal Police; and are carried out as part of humanitarian investigations into deaths associated with the civil–military dictatorship of 1964 to 1985. This article aims to offer a non-technical summary – with reference to international comparative information – of the role of exhumation in investigative and scientific work and to discuss developments in their historical and political context.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal

Embryo research, cloning, assisted conception, neonatal care, saviour siblings, organ transplants, drug trials – modern developments have transformed the field of medicine almost beyond recognition in recent decades and the law struggles to keep up.

In this highly acclaimed and very accessible book Margaret Brazier and Emma Cave provide an incisive survey of the legal situation in areas as diverse as fertility treatment, patient consent, assisted dying, malpractice and medical privacy.

The sixth edition of this book has been fully revised and updated to cover the latest cases, from assisted dying to informed consent; legislative reform of the NHS, professional regulation and redress; European regulations on data protection and clinical trials; and legislation and policy reforms on organ donation, assisted conception and mental capacity.

Essential reading for healthcare professionals, lecturers, medical and law students, this book is of relevance to all whose perusal of the daily news causes wonder, hope and consternation at the advances and limitations of medicine, patients and the law.

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The most Gothic of acts – suicide in generic context
William Hughes and Andrew Smith

-mortem imperilment of the statesman’s body and chattels, however, was averted by way of a medico-legal inquest which, following statements from witnesses and a letter from the Duke of Wellington, ultimately concluded that Castlereagh’s suicide was not the result of deliberate and conscious choice but a consequence of a temporary period of insanity. 5 In the ‘Preface to Cantos VI, VII and VIII’ of Don Juan , Byron notes with particular distaste how Castlereagh’s elevated station in life – he was the second Marquess of Londonderry

in Suicide and the Gothic
The idiot in law in the long eighteenth century
Simon Jarrett

: challenged, vulnerable, perceived as different, and lacking capacity, but with sufficient personal capital in the eyes of others to be worth defending. A new medico-legal discourse in the early nineteenth century While a non-medicalized legal discourse on idiocy subtly interwove public notions of dim-wittedness into English jurisprudential theory, something very different was happening in France, where idiocy had attracted greater medical interest. Large institutionalisation programmes at the Salpêtrière and Bicêtre in Paris had brought idiots, as well as the mentally ill

in Intellectual disability
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"Experience" and "theory" in debates over forensic knowledge and expertise in early twentieth-century China
Daniel Asen

these facilities that a range of activities were carried out: certification and training of examiners, medical students, and judicial officials; forensic investigation services for local and regional authorities; and research on a range of medico-legal problems.20 Several Chinese-language works on legal medicine were produced during this period on the basis of translations from Japanese textbooks as well as instruction by personnel of the Tokyo Metropolitan Police.21 These works introduced readers to new understandings of the body, new conceptions of pathology and

in Historical epistemology and the making of modern Chinese medicine
A conceptual history 1200–1900

This collection explores how concepts of intellectual or learning disability evolved from a range of influences, gradually developing from earlier and decidedly distinct concepts, including ‘idiocy’ and ‘folly’, which were themselves generated by very specific social and intellectual environments. With essays extending across legal, educational, literary, religious, philosophical, and psychiatric histories, this collection maintains a rigorous distinction between historical and contemporary concepts in demonstrating how intellectual disability and related notions were products of the prevailing social, cultural, and intellectual environments in which they took form, and themselves performed important functions within these environments. Focusing on British and European material from the middle ages to the late nineteenth century, this collection asks ‘How and why did these concepts form?’ ‘How did they connect with one another?’ and ‘What historical circumstances contributed to building these connections?’ While the emphasis is on conceptual history or a history of ideas, these essays also address the consequences of these defining forces for the people who found themselves enclosed by the shifting definitional field.

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John Carter Wood

Willcox, who had provided so much forensic Wood, The most remarkable woman in England.indd 200 25/04/2012 15:46:02 Postscript 201 testimony in the Pace case, wrote a medical opinion for the court that depicted the novel as obscene and dangerous. His report described lesbianism as a form of unnatural vice known for thousands of years and fully described in medico-legal works. It is well known to have debasing effects on those practising it, of a mental, physical and moral character. It leads to nervous instability and in some cases to suicide. If widespread, it

in ‘The most remarkable woman in England’
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Katharine Cox and Kate Watson

Ahmed, Sarah and Jackie Stacey (eds) (2001), Thinking through the skin (London and New York: Routledge). Angel, Gemma (2012), ‘The tattoo collectors: Inscribing criminality in nineteenth century France’, Bildwelten des Wissens [‘Präparate’ (prepared specimens)], 9.1 (Berlin: Akademie Verlag, Spring), 29–38. — (2013), ‘Atavistic marks and risky practices: The tattoo in medico-legal debate 1850– 1950’, in K. Siena and J. Reinarz (eds), A medical history of skin: Scratching the surface (London: Pickering

in Tattoos in crime and detective narratives