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Space, identity and power

This volume aims to disclose the political, social and cultural factors that influenced the sanitary measures against epidemics developed in the Mediterranean during the long nineteenth century. The contributions to the book provide new interdisciplinary insights to the booming field of ‘quarantine studies’ through a systematic use of the analytic categories of space, identity and power. The ultimate goal is to show the multidimensional nature of quarantine, the intimate links that sanitary administrations and institutions had with the territorial organization of states, international trade, the construction of national, colonial, religious and professional identities or the configuration of political regimes. The circum-Mediterranean geographical spread of the case studies contained in this volume illuminates the similarities and differences around and across this sea, on the southern and northern shores, in Arabic, Spanish, Portuguese, Greek, Italian, English and French-speaking domains. At the same time, it is highly interested in engaging in the global English-speaking community, offering a wide range of terms, sources, bibliography, interpretative tools and views produced and elaborated in various Mediterranean countries. The historical approach will be useful to recognize the secular tensions that still lie behind present-day issues such as the return of epidemics or the global flows of migrants and refugees.

Enrico Pugliese

10  Enrico Pugliese International migrations and the Mediterranean Introduction: the Mediterranean migration scene and its evolution In recent decades the Mediterranean has witnessed an expansion of the migration routes and exchanges taking place within its shores and a parallel modification of the actors involved, of the areas where the most relevant processes occur, and of the economic, political and military drivers that activate the movements and determine the direction of travel. Within this frame migrations are at the same time the effects of events that

in Western capitalism in transition
Elisabeth van Houts

the mercenaries may have begun to take advantage of the endemic internal strife by claiming lordships for themselves, as in Aversa, with the intention of remaining in Italy. The fertility of Campania, the area on the Mediterranean coast around Naples, with its vineyards, fruit trees, springs and plains, was an important aspect of the Normans’ wish to settle permanently. 10 The settlement of Normans

in The Normans in Europe
Eve Hepburn

3446 Using Europe 16/4/10 12:12 Page 143 5 Sardinian autonomy in the Mediterranean Introduction Sardinia has been largely ignored by scholars of nationalism and regionalism. This is not because territorial claims have omitted independence, or have shunned ‘nationalist’ parlance (as in Bavaria), but because Sardinian nationalism has failed to pose a major threat to the territorial integrity of the Italian state or to catalyse any constitutional reforms, in contrast to the Lega Nord. In fact, many scholars might argue that Sardinian nationalism has already

in Using Europe
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

in the Central Mediterranean – prompted an outpouring of public support in Germany. On 12 June 2019, the Sea-Watch 3 , a fifty-metre long former platform supply vessel belonging to the German non-governmental organisation (NGO) Sea-Watch, rescued fifty-three migrants from an unseaworthy rubber boat in international waters off the Libyan coast. The ship’s subsequent attempt to disembark the migrants at a European port developed into a contentious international incident and generated an extraordinary response, particularly in Italy and Germany. After briefly

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Hakim Abderrezak

13 Harragas in Mediterranean illiterature and cinema Hakim Abderrezak Refugees and migrants: all in the same boat A three-year-old lies face down on the shore of the Ali Hoca Burnu beach in Bodrum, Turkey. This photograph, showing the lifeless body of young Syrian Aylan Kurdi appeared in European and Turkish newspapers, circulated on social networks, and moved a huge number of media users. Commentators have speculated that this image effected a noticeable shift in public opinion about Mediterranean Sea crossings from the Middle East and Africa. Initially, the

in Reimagining North African Immigration
Roderick Pace

The EU’s fifth enlargement, comprising eight CEE countries and the two Mediterranean island states of Cyprus and Malta, extended the Union’s frontiers southwards towards North Africa and further eastwards towards Russia. While, in theory, an enlarged Union has more resources at its disposal to deal with its security challenges, in practice, the larger number of member

in The security dimensions of EU enlargement
Georgina Sinclair

difficulties of policing Cyprus 1955–60 With the end of the mandate in Palestine and with troubles brewing in Suez, close attention was paid to Cyprus: strategically, the island’s military base was well-placed in relation to the both the Middle East and the Mediterranean. By the mid-1950s the future constitutional development of Cyprus was threatened by the campaign for the island

in At the end of the line
Peter Mayo

44 4 Extending the EU’s higher education discourse to the rest of the Mediterranean1 T his chapter builds on the previous one to show how the HE discourse is extending from Europe and specifically the EU to other regions of the world. This chapter focuses on the implications of this discourse specifically for university continuing education in the Euro-​Mediterranean, including Turkey and Morocco. The discussion I  carry forward draws on postcolonial theory. I  devote special importance to the concept of internationalisation that, as explained in the previous

in Higher education in a globalising world
John Chircop

8 Quarantine, sanitisation, colonialism and the construction of the ‘contagious Arab’ in the Mediterranean, 1830s–1900 John Chircop Introduction This chapter seeks to investigate quarantines – their set-up and sanitisation procedures – much as others have discussed other medical/hygienist institutions, in terms of their links with contemporary structures of power, mainly in connection with Western European colonial expansion in the southern and eastern littoral of the Mediterranean during the nineteenth century. As the growing volume of literature on the

in Mediterranean Quarantines, 1750–1914