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Auteurism from Assayas to Ozon
Editor: Kate Ince

There have been vigorous debates about the condition and prospects of auteur cinema in France over the last decade, debates that seem mostly to have gone unreported in anglophone criticism of francophone cinema. But these have been paralleled by a revival of international debate about the status of the auteur: in their extended chapter on auteur cinema added to the second edition of Cook's The Cinema Book, Pam Cook and Mieke Bernink observe that this was definitely underway by 1995. This book summarises the development of auteurism as a field up to the 1990s, drawing particularly on Wright Wexman's historical overview. Georges Méliès was the first auteur. Following the advent of structuralism and structuralist approaches to narrative and communication in the mid 1960s, a type of auteurism was born that preserved a focus on authorship. The book presents an account of the development of Olivier Assayas' career, and explores this idea of what one might call 'catastrophe cinema'. Jacques Audiard's work reflects several dominant preoccupations of contemporary French cinema, such as an engagement with realism (the phenomenon of the 'new new wave') and the interrogation of the construction of (cultural) memory. The book then discusses the films of the Dardenne brothers and their documentaries. Michael Haneke's films can be read as a series of polemical correctives to the morally questionable viewing practices. An introduction to Ozon's films that revolve around the centrality of queer desire to his cinema, and the continual performative transformations of identity worked within it, is presented.

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Michael Haneke’s Funny Games and globalisation’s new uncanny
Barry Murnane

Since its release in 1997 critics have interpreted Michael Haneke’s Funny Games in terms of European counter-cinema’s deconstruction of Hollywood genre film. Such accounts have drawn on a range of provocative statements by the Austrian director, who has gone on record to state that his intention in making the film was to ‘rape the viewer into independence’ and thus

in Globalgothic
Michael Haneke’s disarming visions
Libby Saxton

No ‘we’ should be taken for granted when the subject is looking at other people’s pain. (Sontag 2003 : 7) In a recent article for the American journal Film Comment, Richard Combs argues that Michael Haneke is currently the paradigmatic filmmaker of ‘a new European art cinema’, whose elusive and shifting terrain

in Five directors
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Editor: Glennis Byron

The late twentieth century saw growing number of articles and books appearing on new national gothic; however, the wider context for this had not really been addressed. This collection of essays explores an emerging globalgothic useful for all students and academics interested in the gothic, in international literature, cinema, and cyberspace, presenting examples of globalgothic in the 21st-century forms. It analyses a global dance practice first performed in Japan, Ankoku butoh, and surveys the ways in which Indigenous cultures have been appropriated for gothic screen fictions. To do this, it looks at the New Zealand television series on Maori mythologies, Mataku. The unlocated 'vagabonds' of Michel Faber's "The Fahrenheit Twins" are doubles (twins) of a gothic trajectory as well as globalgothic figures of environmental change. The book considers the degree to which the online vampire communities reveal cultural homogenisation and the imposition of Western forms. Global culture has created a signature phantasmagoric spatial experience which is uncanny. Funny Games U.S. (2008) reproduces this process on the material level of production, distribution and reception. The difference between the supposedly 'primitive' local associated with China and a progressive global city associated with Hong Kong is brought out through an analysis of cannibal culture. In contemporary Thai horror films, the figure of horror produced is neither local nor global but simultaneously both. The book also traces the development, rise and decline of American gothic, and looks at one of the central gothic figures of the twenty-first century: the zombie.

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Genet our contemporary
Carl Lavery

with stringent immigration policies, riots and discontent in the banlieus , and President Sarkozy’s ultra-conservative and aggressively defensive notion of national identity, Genet’s plays, like Michael Haneke’s astonishing 2005 film Caché , disclose the presence of an alternative history. They remind us that France is a haunted country, whose present discontents can be traced back to its refusal to deal with events in the 1950s and 1960s. Recalling Rustom Bharucha’s argument (see pp. 2–3 in this book), Genet’s late theatre forces us to take a stance; it shocks us

in The politics of Jean Genet’s late theatre
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Kate Ince

television companies, such as France 2 Cinéma. Where the Belgian Dardenne brothers (to whom I shall refer as one director, given the near-interchangeability of the directing and producing roles of Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne on their four features to date) and Michael Haneke are concerned, however, the picture is more complex, and probably more indicative of current trends in francophone cinema. All four of the Dardenne brothers

in Five directors
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Gemma King

interesting case in the identification of a film’s nationality is Michael Haneke’s 2012 Cannes Palme d’or winner, Amour. Amour MUP_King_Printer.indd 11 22/06/2017 11:03 12  Decentring France is considered to be a French film (indeed its cast, language, majority funding and setting are French), although the filmmaker, Michael Haneke, is not. This is not particularly remarkable in itself, as many directors of French films, from Krzysztof Kieslowski (La Double Vie de Véronique 1991) to Amos Gitaï (Désengagement 2007, Free Zone 2005), are not of French origin. However, the

in Decentring France
James S. Williams

sense that it is immanent, present and alive. Yet some recent French films have already acknowledged the crucial existential fact that we are Williams, Space and being in contemporary French cinema.indd 289 11/01/2013 15:18:48 290 Space and being in contemporary French cinema living through a period of seismic environmental change, and have foregrounded the local effects of an emerging global crisis. Michael Haneke’s Le Temps du loup/The Time of the Wolf (2003), for instance, portrays a world of post-apocalyptic social breakdown following an unspecified

in Space and being in contemporary French cinema
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Glennis Byron

‘there’ and ‘then’, never ‘here’ and ‘now’, and van Elferen shows how this not belonging, this nostalgia and evasive subjectivity which characterise the subculture, are expressed in the music of Sol Invictus and Sopor Æternus, with musical inversion turning globalised media into sites of gothic unlocation. Barry Murnane next looks at Michael Haneke’s

in Globalgothic
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Douglas Keesey

, become conscious of and regain their sexual identity. It’s because I myself had so much trouble standing the sight of the female sex organ that I made Anatomy of Hell. It was like an exorcism’. conclusion 151 ‘the cinema of abjection’ or ‘the new French extremity’, these directors include many whose films have been strongly influenced by Breillat’s work and particularly by Romance: Patrice Chéreau (Intimacy, 2001), Michael Haneke (La Pianiste, 2001), Bertrand Bonello (Le Pornographe, 2001), Gaspar Noé (Irréversible, 2002), Christophe Honoré (Ma mère, 2004), and Jean

in Catherine Breillat