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Army, Medicine, and Modernity in WWI Germany

This book is a critical examination of the relationships between war, medicine, and the pressures of modernization in the waning stages of the German Empire. Through her examination of wartime medical and scientific innovations, government and military archives, museum and health exhibitions, philanthropic works, consumer culture and popular media, historian Heather Perry reveals how the pressures of modern industrial warfare did more than simply transform medical care for injured soldiers—they fundamentally re-shaped how Germans perceived the disabled body. As the Empire faced an ever more desperate labour shortage, military and government leaders increasingly turned to medical authorities for assistance in the re-organization of German society for total war. Thus, more than a simple history of military medicine or veteran care, Recycling the Disabled tells the story of the medicalization of modern warfare in Imperial Germany and the lasting consequences of this shift in German society.

Military health care and the management of manpower
Sebastian Pranghofer

The century after the end of the Thirty Years’ War (1618–48) is usually characterised as a period of accelerated state formation within the Holy Roman Empire. 1 During this period, the close proximity and imbrication of civil and military medicine reshaped notions of military manpower as one of the key assets of the early modern state. Individual soldiers and their bodies were transformed into populations that could be measured and managed on a large scale. 2

in Accounting for health
Abstract only
David J. Appleby and Andrew Hopper

restored Stuart monarchy, as each regime in turn tried to restore peace and harmony to a divided realm. For some time now, historians of the British Civil Wars have also been interested in these issues; indeed, several have come to view the developments that took place in military medicine and pension provision as significant episodes in the welfare history of Europe. Battle-scarred examines the human cost of the conflict, and the ways in which it left physical and mental scars on individuals and communities, and more broadly on the political culture of the British Isles

in Battle-scarred
The medical treatment of Parliament’s infantry commander following the battle of Naseby
Ismini Pells

appointed Master in 1646.32 Like Clarke and Meverell, Dunn displayed godly leanings. For example, in his will, he left provision for a teacher at Christ Hospital to enable the young maidens to learn to read ‘that thereby they may the better attaine unto the knowledge of God and understanding of the word’ and he funded a minister to preach at St Katherine Creechurch on 5 November each year in commemoration of  the ‘wonderfull deliverance of the Nation from the hellish Conspiracie of the Gunpowder-Treason’.33 Dunn also seems to have been a specialist in military medicine. A

in Battle-scarred
Re-membering the disabled in war-time Germany
Heather R. Perry

. With forty-three reserve hospitals of varying size it probably offered the widest scope of care to the wounded. Its largest affiliated institution, a recently constructed insane asylum near Görden, could offer 1000 beds and a ‘curative workshop’. This kind of model system, however, could hardly be representative of what was offered in smaller, poorer, or less industrialised areas of the empire.25 Orthopaedics and the re-organisation of military medicine As noted, on the eve of war the Medical Department comprised 2480 MOs and 5043 NCOs.26 They were quickly

in Recycling the disabled
Abstract only
War and medicine in World War I Germany
Heather R. Perry

’s severely disabled soldiers. As the quote at the beginning of this introduction makes clear, by late 1918 the manpower shortage had become so severe that the German Army was demanding that even soldiers categorised as being 50 per cent disabled, that is, having lost a limb or more, were to be re-deployed in the service of the fatherland. More than a history of military medicine, this is a study about the increasingly entwined relationship between medicine and war in the waning stages of the German Empire. Specifically it traces the ‘medicalisation of war’ under the

in Recycling the disabled
Abstract only
David Durnin and Ian Miller

men, arguing that medical personnel were one of the largest groups of academically trained professionals participating directly in the war effort. 33 In 2010, Mark Harrison, in his groundbreaking study The Medical War: British Military Medicine in the First World War , has explored the role of the British Army medical services in the First World and detailed the development of the casualty clearing

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45
Irish doctors and the British armed forces, 1922–45
Steven O’Connor

Ireland's share of the population of the British Isles. 2 Moreover, this contribution to British military medicine was exceptionally high in comparison with Ireland's contribution to the rest of the British Army: from 1905 to 1913 and again from 1919 to 1921 Ireland provided about 9 per cent of the recruits to the enlisted ranks of the army – a proportion which declined

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45
Author: Alannah Tomkins

Victorian medical men could suffer numerous setbacks on their individual paths to professionalisation, and Thomas Elkanah Hoyle's career offers a telling exemplar. This book addresses a range of the financial, professional, and personal challenges that faced and sometimes defeated the aspiring medical men of England and Wales. Spanning the decades 1780-1890, from the publication of the first medical directory to the second Medical Registration Act, it considers their careers in England and Wales, and in the Indian Medical Service. The book questions the existing picture of broad and rising medical prosperity across the nineteenth century to consider the men who did not keep up with professionalising trends. Financial difficulty was widespread in medical practice, and while there are only a few who underwent bankruptcy or insolvency identified among medical suicides, the fear of financial failure could prove a powerful motive for self-destruction. The book unpicks the life stories of men such as Henry Edwards, who could not sustain a professional persona of disinterested expertise. In doing so it uncovers the trials of the medical marketplace and the pressures of medical masculinity. The book also considers charges against practitioners that entailed their neglect, incompetence or questionable practice which occasioned a threat to patients' lives. The occurrence and reporting of violent crime by medical men, specifically serious sexual assault and murder is also discussed. A tiny proportion of medical practitioners also experienced life as a patient in an asylum.

Space, identity and power

This volume aims to disclose the political, social and cultural factors that influenced the sanitary measures against epidemics developed in the Mediterranean during the long nineteenth century. The contributions to the book provide new interdisciplinary insights to the booming field of ‘quarantine studies’ through a systematic use of the analytic categories of space, identity and power. The ultimate goal is to show the multidimensional nature of quarantine, the intimate links that sanitary administrations and institutions had with the territorial organization of states, international trade, the construction of national, colonial, religious and professional identities or the configuration of political regimes. The circum-Mediterranean geographical spread of the case studies contained in this volume illuminates the similarities and differences around and across this sea, on the southern and northern shores, in Arabic, Spanish, Portuguese, Greek, Italian, English and French-speaking domains. At the same time, it is highly interested in engaging in the global English-speaking community, offering a wide range of terms, sources, bibliography, interpretative tools and views produced and elaborated in various Mediterranean countries. The historical approach will be useful to recognize the secular tensions that still lie behind present-day issues such as the return of epidemics or the global flows of migrants and refugees.