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Community–university research partnerships in global perspectives

This book is based on a three-year international comparative study on poverty reduction and sustainability strategies . It provides evidence from twenty case studies around the world on the power and potential of community and higher education based scholars and activists working together in the co-creation of transformative knowledge. Opening with a theoretical overview of knowledge, democracy and action, the book is followed by analytical chapters providing lessons learned and capacity building, and on the theory and practice of community university research partnerships. It also includes lessons on models of evaluation, approaches to measuring the impact and an agenda for future research and policy recommendations. The book overviews the concept of engaged scholarship and then moves to focus on community-university research partnerships. It is based on a global empirical study of the role of community-university research partnerships within the context of poverty alleviation, the creation of sustainable societies and, broadly speaking, the Millennium Development Goals. The book frames the contribution of community-university research partnerships within a larger knowledge democracy framework, linking this practice to other spaces of knowledge democracy. These include the open access movement, new acceptance of the methods of community-based and participatory research and the call for cognitive justice or the need for epistemologies of the Global South. It takes a particular look at the variety of structures that have been created in the various universities and civil society research organizations to facilitate and enhance research partnerships.

Open Access (free)
A Belated but Welcome Theory of Change on Mental Health and Development
Laura Davidson

Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, Dainius Pūras, lamented the fact that mental health continues to be one of the most neglected and underfunded development issues ( Pūras, 2017 : 10, 19). Although mental health was excluded from the Millennium Development Goals, the UN’s 2030 Agenda requires states to ‘ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages’ through Sustainable

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan
Otto Farkas

-state actors towards innocent civilians is increasing, along with deliberate targeting of humanitarian workers, operations and inventory used to help people trapped in conflict ( Fouad et al. , 2017 ; Stoddard et al. , 2017 ; Stoddard et al. , 2018 ). Amplifying this instability has been the slow progress towards changing the vulnerability of people living in many countries. Notwithstanding advances made in Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets, an estimated 736

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

. ( 2015 ) South Sudan Recovery Fund Round 3: UN Joint Stabilization Programmes . UN Women . ( 2012 ) Sudan and South Sudan Programme Evaluation Report: Building Capacities for Gender Equality in Governance and Protection of Women’s Rights in Sudan 2008–2011 . UNDP , Millennium Development Goal Fund. ( 2012 ) Sustained Peace for Development: Conflict Prevention and Peace-Building in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Christopher T. Marsden

Millennium Development Goals. Belli and Foditsch have written extensively about the modelling of a universal principle-based network neutrality law, an experiment conducted through the Dynamic Coalition on Net Neutrality in the UN Internet Governance Forum led by Belli since 2012: it seems possible to distil some essential elements from

in Network neutrality
(Re)evaluating the EU–Africa relationship
Michael Smith

issues on which policy will focus and the ways in which such policies are developed. It is easy to assert that such policy development will not necessarily be linear or always appropriate; and less easy to understand exactly what this means in terms of the EU’s Africa policies. To some extent, targets are set by external institutional frameworks, as for example in the case of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to which the EU is an enthusiastic adherent. There is evidence in several chapters of this volume that the MDGs form an important normative context, and to

in The European Union in Africa
Abstract only
Harry Blutstein

When Gro Brundtland was elected Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO), she soon discovered that she headed an organisation that had lost its way.

To revive its fortunes, Brundtland aggressively partnered with pharmaceutical companies to allow WHO to expand its health programmes, including achieving the Millennium Development Goals that address health.

Brundtland’s success was largely due to her ability to quantify the economic costs of poor health, particularly in developing countries. This helped her to secure increased public and private funds to tackle problems like malaria and HIV/AIDS.

Brundtland also launched a code to limit marketing of tobacco products to minors. Setting a new way to govern the global domain, this code allowed WHO to show that globalisation could be a force for good, by promulgating global norms to deal with a major health problem.

in The ascent of globalisation
Math Noortmann
Luke D. Graham

provide loans with low interest rates. The UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the UNDP are UN initiatives that seek to promote international cooperation in development. In 2000 the UNGA adopted a declaration on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which set out eight development-specific goals to be achieved by 2015. Progress was

in The basics of international law
Tendayi Bloom

Development Agenda. Criticisms of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), on whose heels the Sustainable Development Goals followed, included the concern that it reinforced a status quo in which some states, and so also their citizens, are dependent upon others. That is, it focused on aid and on transferring resources (with particular focus on development in Africa) rather than engaging

in Statelessness, governance, and the problem of citizenship
Challenges and opportunities

This book explores the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats facing the continent and the international community today and in the decades ahead. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security concerns and needs of African governments in a globalized world. The continent has becoming increasingly integrated into an international security architecture, whereby Africans are just as vulnerable to threats emanating from outside the continent as they are from home-grown ones. Thus, Africa and what happens there, matters more than ever. Through an in-depth examination and analysis of the continent’s most pressing traditional and non-traditional security challenges—from failing states and identity and resource conflict to terrorism, health, and the environment—it provides a solid intellectual foundation, as well as practical examples of the complexities of the modern African security environment. Not only does it assess current progress at the local, regional, and international level in meeting these challenges, it also explores new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community through the human security approach.